• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Pychology C/W

Extracts from this document...


Abstract: Walster's matching hypothesis claims that people are physically attracted to others who have a similar level of physical attractiveness to themselves. The aim of this investigation is to see whether this is true, by asking individuals to rate photographs of other individuals, both male and female. Each male and female individual in the photos were actually be couples, however the participants rating were unaware of this. The participants giving their ratings were twenty sixteen - eighteen year olds. Participants had to rate the photographs on a scale of 1 - 10, where 10 was the most attractive. As the critical value was o.56 at a significance level of 5%, the null hypothesis was accepted as the observed value was less than this at 0.42, meaning that the correlation was not significant. These findings therefore, imply that when one looks for a partner they do not go for someone who has a similar level of physical attractiveness as themselves, but other factors are also important Introduction: The matching hypothesis was originally proposed by Walster et al in 1966. This hypothesis simply argued that we are attracted to people who have a similar level of physical attractiveness and attributes, such as intelligence and athleticism. ...read more.


Photographs of white couples were collected from sources such as the internet, magazines and newspapers. The couple's photos were cut so that one could not identify which couples were together. Each individual was labeled so that for our benefit we new which couples were together. 2. Twenty participants were selected using an opportunity sample between two year groups. As the group of population chosen to take part in the experiment was under the age of eighteen, letters of consent were sent home to parents to receive permission for participants to take part in the experiment. 3. Before the experiment took place participants were given information on the date, time and place the experiment would be held. 4. An explanation was given before on what the participant's involvement would be in the experiment and then any questions that the participants asked were answered. 5. The first participant was sent into the experimental room at random. There they were given an instruction sheet (appendix2 ). They were shown twenty pictures of couples and had to rate their level of attractiveness on a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 was unattractive and ten 10 was attractive. ...read more.


Limitations and Modifications One of the limitations of the study was that as the photographs had been taken from magazines, newspapers and internet, there was no guarantee that the couples were actually couple in real life. Also, the qualities of the photographs should be taken into account; it may be that because they had been cut out, and were in black and white, this did not help the participants when they rated the photographs. Another problem with the study was that the participants who were sixteen - eighteen year olds might perceive physical attractiveness differently to members of couples. Implications and suggestions for future research: These findings imply that an investigation concerning the matching hypothesis should be carried using a particular method. Therefore when deciding what participants should be used, if the study was to be carried out again it would be better if individuals who were in a couple rated each other and themselves to see whether couples have the same level of physical attractiveness to each other. Also a longitudinal study could be carried out looking at individual and the relationship they have over a long period of time, then seeing whether they continue to form relationship with those who are similar to them where physical attractiveness is concerned. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Psychometrics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Psychometrics essays


    not females, that the negative stereotype of the dumb blonde is only perceived to have some truth in it by less than half the population and therefore it may not have as much adverse affects as was first perceived. Therefore, the idea that hair colour relates to intelligence may be

  2. This study will only look at two (of many) facial characteristics being symmetry and ...

    Perret et al., (1998) investigated the effects of manipulating the masculinity-femininity of male and female faces on judgements of their attractiveness. Interestingly, results demonstrated that both male and female participants preferred the feminised face to the masculinised face. However, this speculation is not consistent as other studies have found that women find masculine faces more attractive (Johnston et al., 2001)

  1. Investigating the Matching Hypothesis

    an experiment measures the difference between two variables, while a correlation study measures the relationship between two variables. This is advantageous because I do not have to manipulate anything within the study. However, one problem with a correlation study is that it cannot infer that any relationship shown in the study is a cause-and-effect relationship.

  2. My aim is to replicate Murstein's (1972) study. I am to find out whether ...

    One of these is the social exchange theory. This was developed by Homans and Kelly and assumes that interations can be analysed in terms of rewards and costs. He states that people are happiest when they have the most reinforcement and constant calculation of the rewards and costs, to make the relationship fair.

  1. The study carried out is based on the theories of schema. It focuses on ...

    (See appendix 1) The answers had a one right answer and wrong answers. The correct answers were put into a table and measured in correlation amongst other sets of data. 1) Prepare questionnaires 2) Pick participants by random sampling 3) Ask consent from participants 4) Give questionnaires to fill 5)

  2. The aim of this investigation was to investigate if 'chunking' in STM will be ...

    The term 'ordinal' means scores that can be placed in an order. In addition, it is a suitable test for analysis of data from a small sample group. Considering all of these criteria, my investigation was suitable. As participants would either be subject to condition A or condition B (independent measures).

  1. Verbal memory differences between the sexes

    Therefore, both the male and female participants will try harder to remember the words due to their competition with the opposite s*x. To overcome this extraneous variable, the participants will only be told the aim of the experiment in the debriefing after they have carried out the task.

  2. Cognitive processes effecting Heart Rate: Testing Lacey's Intake-Reject Hypothesis

    Each type of task will have two levels of difficulty (Hard and Easy), thus resulting in 4 experimental conditions: Easy Visual Search, Hard Visual Search, Easy Mental Arithmetic, Hard Mental Arithmetic. It then follows that the experimental hypotheses of this study be: 1)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work