• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Should Animals Be Used in Medical Research?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Amanda Rosen May 6, 2003 Should Animals Be Used in Medical Research? Do you have diabetes or know someone who does? Have you ever had to take antibiotics when you were sick? These treatments and many others were made possible by the use of animal testing. "The use of animals in research is a privilege..." (Foundation). There are many misconceptions about the number and types of animals that are used. Some people believe that the animals are being mistreated but there are laws and regulations that doctors and scientist must follow. There are even regulations on how the animals should be cared for. People are also unclear on where the animals that are used for testing come from. In this day-in-age, there are a few alternatives that can also be used. Over the last 30 years, the number of animals being used has dropped 60%. The uses of animals peaked in the 70's at 5,500,000 and today it is at a record low of less than 2,650,000. ...read more.

Middle

(Biomedical). The information gained from these animal experiments help scientist design human trials. Doctors and scientist know that it is a privilege to use animals in research. The use of the animals is helping unlock the mysteries of diseases that plague us everyday. Scientists know that a well-treated, healthy, and protected from undue stress animal provides better results than that of an animal that is mistreated. Animal testing is done in a controlled environment only. There are federal guidelines that prohibit the abuse or the use of sick, injured, or distressed animal as research subjects. Anti-animal testing groups say that animals are tested without any anesthetics. This happens when the experiments involve mild or momentary distress. For example, giving a single injection, taking a blood sample, or a change of diet. If an experiment might cause an animal pain, then aesthetics and/or painkillers are given to the animal. Similar studies are done on both humans and animals both involving little or no pain. Animals that did not have any tissue removed may take part in additional experiments. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is some need for cats and dogs but most of the lab animals are rodents that have been specifically bred for the uses of medical research. Using unwanted pets is illegal in the United States. If a scientist were to use random animals from the wild, it would make the test results less reliable. Today everything is done by computers, so why not animal testing? There are scientists that do not like to use animals for testing or research. There is funding for the uses of alternative research methods. Some of these methods include test-tube and cell culture experiments in addition to computer simulations. These methods are used along with animal testing and research. Computers can be very helpful in doing the math needed. But computers cannot work or think on their own. They can only work with what has been put in them - what you already know. A different approach might be that the scientist would use mice instead of rabbits for their research. Throughout the 20th century every major medical advancement was accomplished with research and testing on animals. Looking at the total work that biomedical researchers do, only 10% of the time are they using animals. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Zoology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Zoology essays

  1. Free essay

    A review of a case study on feline aggression and possible treatments

    This normal behaviour is a communicative function via chemical signals to conspecifics. It provides information of an individual's territorial area and/ or their reproductive status.

  2. Animals for scientific research: "If we need to kill animals for research, we should"

    Different types of Buddhism, particularly Tibetan, teach about rebirth. According to the Kukkuravatika Sutta, it is possible for humans to be reborn as animals - therefore animals must be treated with kindness Other religions have views about using animals for research as well.

  1. This study attempts to explore the basis of people's fear of animals.

    from the original study of Bennett-Levy and Marteau, due to the fact that we only included ratings of fear, harmfulness and strangeness. In the original study, closeness, sliminess, speediness and mode of movement were also included. Throughout our study we found that the strongest correlation was between perceived fear and perceived strangeness.

  2. Using the Grounded Theory to explore people's views on animal use: What factors influence ...

    However on the other hand, one participant states how he/she never watches television, or occasionally watches the news because of all the terribly violent and depressing things shown (P10, 40-42) which may mean that there is in fact plenty of information on animal use in the media but that they

  1. If you were participating in an experiment, would you object to being deceived? How ...

    For the same reasons I would object to the use of animals in experiments for education purposes unless these are only observed in their natural environment without using any interventions from the observers. 'Product testing involves applying a test substance internally or externally to gauge the level of irritation, discomfort,

  2. Animal Testing

    humans is considered a lot greater in comparison to the costs in terms of the sufferings inflicted on comparatively less number of animals. They argue that society is required to maximize the opportunities to generate such valuable consequences even at the cost of inflicting pain to some animals.

  1. Antibiotic use in domestic animals - knock on effects to the environment IntroductionAntibiotics ...

    The over use of antibiotics has meant that more and more bacteria are mutating and becoming resistant to a wider range of limited antibiotics.

  2. Discuss the Need for Osmoregulation in animals, using specific examples and environments

    Generally freshwater animals are hyperosmotic i.e a higher osmotic pressure, to their surrounding environment, and seawater animals are hypoosmotic. There are two problems associated with freshwater habitation: the animals are subject to swelling due to an inward H2O movement, and a loss of salts to the surrounding environment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work