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A person's performance in an organization is influenced by several individual factors(Personality, attitudes and beliefs, perception, motivation) but in particular, by Motivation. The dictionary defines motivation

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Module Title: BSM023 Managing People Module Co-ordinator: Dr. David Jones/ d.r.jones@rgu.ac.uk The Role of Organisational Behaviour In Managing Individuals Author: Xue Q. Xie ( Jinnfie) Major: Master of Purchasing and Supply Chain Management Contents List of figures 1.2.1 Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 4 List of tables 2.2.1 Usual payments systems 7 Introduction 3 Chapter 1 1.1 General theories of motivation 4 1.2 The importance of work motivation 5 1.3 The factors impact work motivation and job satisfaction 5 Chapter 2 2.1 Explanation of managers' task from aspect of motivation 6 2.2 Motivators 6 2.2.1 Financial Motivators 7 2.2.2 Non financial motivators 8 Conclusion 8 Introduction What people actually do at work is critical to organisational success, and it is no accident that the field of the organisational behaviour, the study of the structure, functioning of performance of organizations and the behaviour of groups and individuals within them(Derek Pugh,1972,p9), has become an important area of organization management.(John Arnold,1998,p221) . A person's performance in an organization is influenced by several individual factors(Personality, attitudes and beliefs, perception, motivation) but in particular, by Motivation. The dictionary defines motivation as "the reason why somebody does something or behaves in a particular way"(Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, 2000, p1128). Essentially the word motivation as used in the business management means the natural desire to get the job done(www.teambuilding.co.uk). This essay will illustrate the importance of work motivation and analyse some motivators which can increase personal performance and organizational productivity or efficiency. ...read more.


Goals motivate and guide workers' behaviours. Specific goals are better than general goals and little difficult goal is better than easy ones (John Arnold,1998, p258). The degree of expectancy determines how much effort is paid. People will work hard if they expect the effort will pay off. Increased job enrichment leads to high motivation. For example, in factories, it is important to have an enthusiastic staff because most job are generally very repetitive. On the contrary, stress on the job reduces motivation and productivity. The specific needs to achieve and accomplish motivate people. Recognition and responsibility also help in motivating people to perform at their maximum ability. Actually, motivation at works is very complex because there are multiple relevant elements operating at the same time. We will emphasize to analyse some motivators applied in practical organization management in chapter 2. Chapter 2 2.1 Explanation of managers' task from aspect of motivation "Manager work involves a double essential task: managing others at the same time as managing themselves" (Watson.1994, p12). As a manager, managing others means serious administration work, such as holding the confidence of the people who you have authority over, showing your people how to do things in right way, keeping your team in high efficiency (www.isma.org.uk ). When you executive your management strategy, you are managing yourself as well. From the aspect of motivation, it also can be described as when they motivate their employees, they need have themselves motivated at the same time. ...read more.


Secondly, you also can involve all of your people in discussions to meet these different needs so that they feel recognised and wanted. Thirdly, from the goal-setting theory (Locke et al.,1981), you can discuss targets and goals together and then give the employee something to work towards. But a factor that is easily ignored when the target is setting is that people only achieve the goals that they think they are realistic(John Clark,2002). Conclusion Although motivation is an essential, a firm cannot succeed alone on this. There are still many other factors which are necessary for a successful and wealthy organisation, such as capital for purchasing resources, machinery, good product for selling to make profit and surviving, customers, and market etc. To be concluded, the key point of a successful organisation is a motivated workforce, however it is only one important aspect of a successful organisation, not all. Reference: A S Hornby,2000, Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary of Current English, 6th edition, Oxford University Press, Lodon Andrzej Huczynski& David Buchanan, 2001, Organizational Behaviour, 4th edition, Prentice Hall Europe, London John Arnold, 1998,Work Psychology,3rd edition, Financial Times Professional Limited, Edinburgh Mood and Emotions While Working: Missing Pieces of Job Satisfaction. Weiss, H., & Nicholas, J., & Daus, C, 1999, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21 185-202 . Venkatesh,V.& Speier, C.1999,A Study of the Relationship Between Compensation Package, Work Motivation and Job Satisfaction. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 20, 1003-1025.. http://www.businessballs.com/employeemotivation.htm (site visited on 18,Oct.2005) http://www.teambuilding.co.uk/motivation.html (site visited on 25,Oct.2005) http://www.revision-notes.co.uk/revision/803.html (site visited on 26,Oct..2005) John Clark Stress News January 2002 Vo1.14 No.1 http://www.isma.org.uk/stressnw/ (site visited on 29,Oct.2005) http://www.ford.com.cn/aboutford/inchina.asp (site visited on 01,Nov.2005) ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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