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Communication Sector in Pakistan

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Table of Contents Communication Sector in Pakistan 2 1. Postal Service: 2 2. Radio 2 3. Television 3 4. Telecommunication 3 5. Information Technology (IT) 3 Importance of Communication: 4 1. Economic importance 4 2. Political importance 4 3. Social importance 5 Industrial Facts & Figures 5 Telecom Sector: 6 Telecom Sector Growth 8 Cellular Mobile 9 Fixed Line Services 10 Wireless Local Loop 11 Sector Accomplishment a) FDI in Telecom Sector 12 Contribution to National Exchequer 12 Socio-Economic Impact of Mobile Phone Growth 13 Employment Generation 15 Reduction in Telecom Services Tariff 15 International Recognition of Telecom Policies 16 ITU Elections 16 Telecom Regulatory Environment in Pakistan - rated the best by LIRNEasia 17 Regulatory Measures 17 Licensing of Telecom Services 18 Telecom Developments in AJ&K and NAs 18 Rural Telecom Development 19 Payphones Concessions and Facilitation 20 Electronic Media 20 Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) 20 Pakistan Television Corporation Limited (PTV) 21 Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation (PBC) 22 Pakistan Post Office 23 References: 25 Communication Sector in Pakistan Communication is the basic importance in the development process of a country, and density of the transport network is an index to economic development. As compared with developed countries, Pakistan possesses a less developed communication network. Government is making serious efforts to develop an efficient communication network to meet the growing needs of the country. Communication plays an important role in the economic and cultural development of a country. Pakistan has following means of communication. 1. Postal Service: The Post office is a Federal Government entity which provides postal facilities through a network of 12828 (2178 urban and 10650 rural) post offices across the country. The department is providing various traditional postal services to the consumers at a reasonable price. It also provides the facility of life insurance, payment of military pensions, collection of motor vehicle tax, renewal of arms and driving licenses etc. ...read more.

Middle

A survey of 1,269 mobile phone users was conducted during March 2007 in all four provinces AJK and NAs. The study found that the use of mobile has created socio-economic awareness among the users in changing their life style, in improvement of their business and related activities, saving time on inter- city trips and local visits and ultimately in saving money and increase in their sales and income. The use of mobile phone on average made 35 percent increase in the sales of individual businessmen included in the survey. Use of mobile has also increased the access to medical, financial and other services. According to the survey results, more than 52 percent respondents reported that the use of mobile has improved their access to doctors and health personnel. It also improved their family cohesion and elevated women's role and say in family and society. (Fig-14.9 Fig-14.10 & Fig-14.11) Fig-14.9: Average Increase in Sales of Individual Businessman Source: PTA Employment Generation The study also analyzed the business outlook and the value chain of the mobile sector in the country. It estimated the current employment level of 354,042 employees engaged in the telecom sector at various level of value chain including employment at Telecom Companies, vendors, tower businesses and cell phone shops. It is projected that 58,009 direct and indirect employment opportunities will be created in 2007-08. Reduction in Telecom Services Tariff Significant reduction has been witnessed in the tariffs of almost all the telecom services over the last two to three years. The national and international long distance tariffs which were Rs. 34 and Rs. 70 per minute in 1996 respectively, have reduced significantly to as low as Rs. 0.67 and Rs. 0.79 per minute, respectively through calling cards. The incumbent operator PTCL has also reduced its NWD and international tariff drastically. In addition, the new local loop operators are also offering zero line rental packages and free local call packages to telecom subscribers. ...read more.

Conclusion

In compliance with the Government welfare policies, the Pakistan Post Office is providing a variety of services on behalf of Federal and Provincial Governments and autonomous/corporate entities. In order to facilitate payment of utility bills, Pakistan Post is collecting P.T.C.L, Electricity and Gas bills through out the country, while WASA bills are being collected in Hyderabad, Multan Quettan and Sialkot, by the post offices. Pakistan Post earned Rs. 331.260 million in the shape of commission during July- March, 2006-07. It has taken various measures to streamline the post office system on modern lines, including adoption of better information technology. A number of information technology projects have already been completed/ implemented and a few more are in the pipeline. Fiscal No of Post No of Tele- Telephones Internet No. of Internet No of Mobile Year Offices graph Offices (000 Nos.) Connections Cities PCO Phones Urban Rural Total (Million) connected * Urban Rural Total 1990-91 1,867 11,546 13,413 195 302 497 1188 .. 3,861 1991-92 1,909 11,471 13,380 299 210 509 1461 .. 4,676 1992-93 1,983 11,213 13,196 320 210 530 1548 .. 5,618 1993-94 1,970 11,315 13,285 327 85 412 1801 .. 6,422 1994-95 2,026 11,294 13,320 330 86 416 2126 .. 4,600 1995-96 2,092 11,327 13,419 319 104 423 2376 .. 9,410 68,038 1996-97 2,024 11,192 13,216 340 93 433 2558 .. 10,040 135,027 1997-98 2,044 11,250 13,294 356 92 448 2756 0.01 10,071 196,096 1998-99 2,103 10,751 12,854 308 93 401 2861 0.20 10,107 265,614 1999-00 2,103 10,751 12,854 293 91 384 3124 0.50 10,400 306,463 2000-01 2,302 9,932 12,234 293 91 384 3340 0.80 66,968 742,606 2001-02 1,983 10,284 12,267 258 104 362 3656 1.00 97,751 1,698,536 2002-03 1,808 10,446 12,254 239 87 326 4940 1.60 1,350 139,493 2,404,400 2003-04 2,267 9,840 12,107 215 73 288 4460 2.00 1,898 180,901 5,022,908 2004-05 1,831 10,499 12,330 215 77 292 5191 2.10 2,210 217,597 12,771,203 2005-06 1,845 10,494 12,339 - - - 5128 2.40 2,389 353,194 34,506,557 Jul-Mar 2005-06 1,875 10,536 12,411 - - - 5,174 - 2,339 236,166 27,344,938 2006-07 1,845 10,494 12,339 - - - 5,200 2.50 2,444 353,194 55,600,211 .. ...read more.

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