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counselling theory

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Running Head: COUNSELING THEORY ANALYSIS Counseling Theory Analysis [Name of the writer] [Name of the institution] Table of Content INTRODUCTION 3 DISCUSSION: BASES FOR TH? THEORY 3 ANTECEDENTS 3 BEHAVIORIST FRAMEWORK 3 REALITY THERAPY 3 PHILOSOPHICAL COUNSELING 3 TH? ESSENTIAL COMPONENT ?F HUMAN NATURE 3 LEARNING 3 SYMPTOM FORMATION 3 COUNSELING GOALS 3 COUNSELING TECHNIQUES 3 COUNSELING EVALUATION 3 TH? ACTION-THEORY APPROACH 3 CONCLUSION 3 Counseling Theory Analysis Introduction Human nature ?s full ?f surprises with variety ?f interlinked complex aspects. This ?s what has made th? life ?f psychologists meaningful. They thrive on th? complexity ?f human nature and set out to rectify what goes wrong with th? human mind. Th? expressions and behavior humans adopt are th? fruits ?f their mindful intrigues wound up ?n th? selfish or otherwise norms and values. They try to give meaning to their surroundings and situations and are least accompanied with th? rationales at times. Such are th? times when counseling ?s needed. Psychologists while counseling try to link th? 'off- track' behaviors with th? 'on-track' one depending upon person to person. It ?s with this background and other which will be explained ?n th? rest ?f th? paper that I set out to develop an individualized theory ?f counseling. Discussion: Bases for th? Theory Th? way people behave at any moment depends on their perceptions, interpretations, outlook, their values and beliefs about th? situation. Furthermore, their changing or adopted behavior ?s also dependent on their physiological buildup and th? way they feel at that particular situation. ?n other words, th? ...read more.


It ?s hard to change our feelings directly but it ?s easier to change what we are thinking and therefore to change what we are doing. Symptom Formation There are various symptoms for th? unwanted emotions as reflected under specific situations and identified by situational counseling theory. Th? symptoms are th? abrupt arrival on conclusions assuming th? past trends, irrelevant and consistent definition ?f success ?n every situation without any regard to th? particular situation at hand and therefore, th? inflexibility ?f th? person being counseled. Many other related symptoms are sudden feelings ?f lethargy out ?f surrender from th? particular situation with disappointment, th? intolerable feelings ?f anger ?n times ?f crisis and unplanned intervention ?f something or someone and ? higher value and influence by th? external factors. A person ?s best identified under th? counseling theory with th? way he reacts under similar situations at different times. Th? person also feels that it ?s easier for him to overlook or avoid thinking about tense situations than to face th? problems and take th? responsibility for correcting th? situation. These people often look for some specific person to lean onto ?n certain similar situations and to some other under other conditions. Furthermore, Ellis (1987) suggested that one reason why people keep on getting upset ?s because they have rejected most ?f th? obvious irrational ideas but retained some ?f th? subtle ones. (Leong, Leach, 2007, p. 165-181) Counseling Goals Th? goal ?f th? counselor ?s to enable th? client to behave favorably on th? basis ?f his thought processes ?n difficult and emotionally demanding circumstances. ...read more.


construct that represents ? sequence ?f goal-directed action, which may be useful to clients. One primary value ?f an action-theoretical approach to career counseling ?s its ability to link theory and practice. Counselors want ? conceptual framework that ?s close to human experience. Th? philosophical counselor's aim ?s not simply to resolve ? client's immediate problem and then send him on his way. Th? philosophical counselor also offers to educate th? client ?n more effective ways ?f thinking so that if ? problem arises again th? client will be better able to deal with it on his own. Th? philosophical counselor ?s concerned with both th? mitigation ?f problems and their prevention. She ?s therefore both ? counselor and ? teacher, helping th? client to think clearly about th? issue at hand while at th? same time giving th? client th? tools that will improve his thinking ?n future. ?n this way th? philosophical counselor ensures that individuals who have come to her for counseling will not become dependent on her to solve all similar problems ?n future. Granted, cognitive approaches ?n psychotherapy such as cognitive therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, logotherapy, and existential psychotherapy seem to already be doing some ?f what philosophical counseling claims to do. These psychotherapies are admittedly based on ? philosophical type ?f inquiry into th? client's reasoning. (Hou, 2007, p. 33-50) Conclusion Th? discussion ?f th? theory concludes with its evaluation. Counseling involves delving into th? past. ?n Situational Counseling th? past ?s seen as th? source ?f determining our ways ?f behaving and then learning to change our behavior through an active process ?f rational thinking or rational interpretation ?f th? situation. ...read more.

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