• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

counselling theory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Running Head: COUNSELING THEORY ANALYSIS Counseling Theory Analysis [Name of the writer] [Name of the institution] Table of Content INTRODUCTION 3 DISCUSSION: BASES FOR TH? THEORY 3 ANTECEDENTS 3 BEHAVIORIST FRAMEWORK 3 REALITY THERAPY 3 PHILOSOPHICAL COUNSELING 3 TH? ESSENTIAL COMPONENT ?F HUMAN NATURE 3 LEARNING 3 SYMPTOM FORMATION 3 COUNSELING GOALS 3 COUNSELING TECHNIQUES 3 COUNSELING EVALUATION 3 TH? ACTION-THEORY APPROACH 3 CONCLUSION 3 Counseling Theory Analysis Introduction Human nature ?s full ?f surprises with variety ?f interlinked complex aspects. This ?s what has made th? life ?f psychologists meaningful. They thrive on th? complexity ?f human nature and set out to rectify what goes wrong with th? human mind. Th? expressions and behavior humans adopt are th? fruits ?f their mindful intrigues wound up ?n th? selfish or otherwise norms and values. They try to give meaning to their surroundings and situations and are least accompanied with th? rationales at times. Such are th? times when counseling ?s needed. Psychologists while counseling try to link th? 'off- track' behaviors with th? 'on-track' one depending upon person to person. It ?s with this background and other which will be explained ?n th? rest ?f th? paper that I set out to develop an individualized theory ?f counseling. Discussion: Bases for th? Theory Th? way people behave at any moment depends on their perceptions, interpretations, outlook, their values and beliefs about th? situation. Furthermore, their changing or adopted behavior ?s also dependent on their physiological buildup and th? way they feel at that particular situation. ?n other words, th? ...read more.

Middle

It ?s hard to change our feelings directly but it ?s easier to change what we are thinking and therefore to change what we are doing. Symptom Formation There are various symptoms for th? unwanted emotions as reflected under specific situations and identified by situational counseling theory. Th? symptoms are th? abrupt arrival on conclusions assuming th? past trends, irrelevant and consistent definition ?f success ?n every situation without any regard to th? particular situation at hand and therefore, th? inflexibility ?f th? person being counseled. Many other related symptoms are sudden feelings ?f lethargy out ?f surrender from th? particular situation with disappointment, th? intolerable feelings ?f anger ?n times ?f crisis and unplanned intervention ?f something or someone and ? higher value and influence by th? external factors. A person ?s best identified under th? counseling theory with th? way he reacts under similar situations at different times. Th? person also feels that it ?s easier for him to overlook or avoid thinking about tense situations than to face th? problems and take th? responsibility for correcting th? situation. These people often look for some specific person to lean onto ?n certain similar situations and to some other under other conditions. Furthermore, Ellis (1987) suggested that one reason why people keep on getting upset ?s because they have rejected most ?f th? obvious irrational ideas but retained some ?f th? subtle ones. (Leong, Leach, 2007, p. 165-181) Counseling Goals Th? goal ?f th? counselor ?s to enable th? client to behave favorably on th? basis ?f his thought processes ?n difficult and emotionally demanding circumstances. ...read more.

Conclusion

construct that represents ? sequence ?f goal-directed action, which may be useful to clients. One primary value ?f an action-theoretical approach to career counseling ?s its ability to link theory and practice. Counselors want ? conceptual framework that ?s close to human experience. Th? philosophical counselor's aim ?s not simply to resolve ? client's immediate problem and then send him on his way. Th? philosophical counselor also offers to educate th? client ?n more effective ways ?f thinking so that if ? problem arises again th? client will be better able to deal with it on his own. Th? philosophical counselor ?s concerned with both th? mitigation ?f problems and their prevention. She ?s therefore both ? counselor and ? teacher, helping th? client to think clearly about th? issue at hand while at th? same time giving th? client th? tools that will improve his thinking ?n future. ?n this way th? philosophical counselor ensures that individuals who have come to her for counseling will not become dependent on her to solve all similar problems ?n future. Granted, cognitive approaches ?n psychotherapy such as cognitive therapy, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, logotherapy, and existential psychotherapy seem to already be doing some ?f what philosophical counseling claims to do. These psychotherapies are admittedly based on ? philosophical type ?f inquiry into th? client's reasoning. (Hou, 2007, p. 33-50) Conclusion Th? discussion ?f th? theory concludes with its evaluation. Counseling involves delving into th? past. ?n Situational Counseling th? past ?s seen as th? source ?f determining our ways ?f behaving and then learning to change our behavior through an active process ?f rational thinking or rational interpretation ?f th? situation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Management Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Management Studies essays

  1. Leadership Theories - this review seeks to determine which theoretical perspectives, theories and schools ...

    achieves these levels of functioning (e.g. Harris & Kuhnert, 2008) provide significant substantiation for this argument. It is possible that personal development has an important role in leadership development as motivation is an important factor for the development of leadership.

  2. General Management - organisation, leadership and theories.

    But one cannot talk about 'motivation' or 'motivating' as such without clearly stating what one is attempting to persuade people to do (exhibit 4.3.2). The salesman is not just 'motivating' but aims to persuade his prospective customers to make the purchase.

  1. Innovation For Business Success. It is possible to be innovative in both large ...

    The fibres, their surface finishes, the chemical or mechanical method of bonding the fibres into layers, all requires a complete understanding of the interplay between fibres in how they move and transfer fluid. This focus on fluid management has had the biggest impact in the medical and healthcare markets where a general improvement in wellbeing benefits the end consumer.

  2. Social Learning Theory, Generation Y, and the Situational Leadership Model

    The second is a verbal instructional model, in which the model verbally explains the actions or behaviors. The third is a symbolic model, the model used in Bandura's Bobo Doll Experiment. The symbolic model involves either actual or fictional characters displaying the behaviors and actions through print, video, or online media among others.

  1. Complexity Theory

    Other research also emphasizes moderate connectivity among parts of an organization (Hansen, 1999; Galunic and Eisenhardt, 1996, 2001; Rivkin, 2000). For example, in his study of U.S. restaurant chains, Bradach (1997) noted that chains with a mix of tightly linked company stores and loosely linked franchises were more innovative and high performing than those comprised of either type alone.

  2. Organization Psychology

    Cognitive irrelevance probably describes the bulk of the relationships among an average person's cognitions. Two cognitions are consonant if each fits with one another. People like consonance among their cognitions. We do not know whether this stems from the nature of the human organism or whether it is learned during

  1. Organizational Behavior.

    Leadership in this department will focus on observing employees needs, providing support, and assisting in solving difficulties of both operations and environment. Less supervision is required in these departments; however, closer attention to employee needs is required. Integration for these departments is tentatively scheduled to finalize in August 2005.

  2. E-Business Evaluation of Tesco.com

    Web Name: Tesco Careers Score(0-10) Comments Website URL: http://www.tesco-careers.com/ 1. FIRST IMPRESSIONS URL 9 Very simple and easy to remember Download time-size of home page 9 Fast Enough Look and feel ? readability 9 Simple and Clear Need to download software 10 No need to download any software.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work