This paper discusses the integration of green or environmental logistics in the subject of supply chain management, which has been under the spot light over the recent decades. Logistics is a relatively new subject but of high importance in the business world, as it was being used by the military in the first and second world wars to keep their supply chains in best possible and practical manner. And from there it was slowly integrated in businesses in mid 50’s and 60’s proving a lot more than just a military tool, being the main focus of businesses since then.


                      There are many definitions of logistics used around the world but all focussing on the same key elements which logistics concentrates on are planning and control, flow and storage, information integration of all such activities and customer services. One of the definition provided in Khalid bichou’s handbook states that “Logistics is that part of the supply chain process that plans, implements, and controls the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption in order to meet customers’ requirements ”.

       Green Logistics:

                                          The integrated management of all the activities associated with the moving of good or information through a supply chain from the source of raw material through production processes and distribution processes all the way to the point of consumption and its associated reverse logistics. The processes and activities involving in logistics are the freight transportation, storage, inventory management, material handling, packaging and the flow of associated information. Logistics objectives are to co-ordinate all these activities in a way that they can meet customer requirements and reducing the cost of those customer requirements to the minimum.

                  In past this was the sole purpose of logistics, while in this current age and time when we are very aware of our environmental changes occurring around the globe solely because of out of our neglect of the issue causing us a huge cost in form of destruction of environment in shape of global warming and many other serious issues, as the concerns rises for the environment the subject has also evolved to take in account of these impacts of human behaviour on our environment. It looks at new methodology dealing with supply chain with the consideration of environmental impacts. The organisation operating around the world must take a notice of the external cost of logistics associated mainly with the climatic changes around us through reducing air, noise, vibration pollution and accidents and all the damages to environment to a minimum while still maintaining a minimum cost and meet the customer requirements at the same time. Green logistics could be stated as the ways or methodology used to reduce the effects on environment while achieving a balance between economic, environmental and social objectives.  Many universities working along with London transport and the department of transport have been researching on the issue. The main concept behind it is to sustain development and ensure the development dose not compromise the future needs of our society, the economy and the environment. Previously the studies were related to localised effects but recently the emphasis has shifted from regional to the global impacts.

The Issue of Green Logistics:

                                                  Logistics is the heart of modern transportation systems and is the control of freight movements of an organisation, as it has become the most important development in the transportation industry on the other hand it has also triggered a wide range of environmental concerns. It is easy to put together the two words ‘green’ and ‘logistics’ meaning environmental friendly and efficient transportation but in practice it is far more difficult to implement on the ideas. Many analysts have been done over the recent years including an analysis of ratio of tax to cost. In U.K. we have come very close to internalising the environmental cost and track cost, although it does not apply to many E.U countries where the tax rate is relatively low. An analysis of marine time shipping line shows that they have been successful in reducing their carbon footprint along the coast but on the other hand the sulphur dioxide emission are on alarming stages  especially around the ports which can cause a serious damage to environment in shape of being poisonous to the inhabitants to that environment.

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                Now mainly because of the carbon and sulphur emissions mostly caused the transportation are causing high alerts around the globe where they weakens the ozone layer which protects the earth from the dangerous radiation of the sun but in many parts where its weakened it has caused a high amount of damage as the polar caps are melting causing the sea to rise to a dangerous levels which is a serious matter for countries like U.K and Indonesia and other small islands because of the danger of them getting wiped of the ...

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