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University Degree: Human Resource Management

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  1. Effective employee management is the key to having favorable employee relations, which in turn is necessary for retaining talented and productive employees.

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 What is Counseling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 The Goals of Counseling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    • Word count: 4280
  2. What techniques can managers adopt to improve their recruiting and interviewing practises?

    Such employees become a part of the organisations core work force, recruitment and selection representing the entry point activities. Approaches to the recruitment and selection of employees forming the secondary internal market could be subject to less screening at the point of entry , attention being paid mainly to possession of the required skills. Such employees might be recruited and selected by cheaper methods but still perhaps, with a connection to organisational strategy via the specification of competencies. Giving the findings relating to studies of workers on fixed term contracts and the emphasis given by some workers to work-life balance,

    • Word count: 1450
  3. "Explain the role of motivation in enhancing a sports performer"

    Motivation influences both the mind and body, as well as this; attitude, decision making and performance are all affected by motivation too. When investigating motivation further, it can be broken down into two separate styles, intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is a term used for the internal drives to participate or perform well. Such drives or emotional feelings include fun, enjoyment in participating and the satisfaction that can be felt through playing a particular game. PBS (2001) claims that intrinsic motivation is the 'Internal thoughts or feelings that feed one's desire to achieve, perform, or become involved in activities or events'.

    • Word count: 1624
  4. "Job analysis is a fundamental HRM activity"

    In reality, they are making predictions as to what is going to be needed for the position and also working out ways in order for the position to meet those predictions. This process is the beginning phases of writing out a job description and person specification. By doing a job analysis, the Human Resource Manager is able to discover the actual jobs required for a given position. This can be done in a number of different ways. Firstly it can be done through interviews.

    • Word count: 2010
  5. What are the critical differences between content and process theories in motivation

    Both two are kinds of motivation theories, however they come from different viewpoint. From the definition we know that the content theories attempt to explain those specific things, which actually motivate the individual at work. These theories are concerned with identifying people's needs and their relative strength, and the goals they pursue in order to satisfy these need. Content theories place emphasis on the nature of needs and what motivation. Compare with content theories the process theories attempt to identify the relationship among the dynamic variables, which make up motivation. These theories place emphasis on the actual process of motivation.

    • Word count: 1471
  6. This research proposal is for the independent study based on motivation, the research is looking at the motivation of employees that are involved in the manufacturing lines for electrical goods.

    This independent study will be focused on how to achieve the motivation of employees in these types of situations. It is going to address what motivational styles if any electrical goods companies provide for their employees and to what extent these are successful in improving individual motivation as well as achieving better performance within their job. This study will provide a good understanding of the aspects of motivation in today's companies, and also employee behaviour within the workplace. The study will look at the theories of motivation, and to specify the research it will look at Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory.

    • Word count: 2303
  7. Global strategic alliances

    What means strategic alliances? Definition Strategic alliances are becoming more and more prominent in the global economy. Peter Drucker, who has been called the father of management theory, states: "the greatest change in corporate culture, and the way business is being conducted, may be the accelerating growth of relationships based not on ownership, but on partnership" (Drucker, 1996) The growing role of co-operative strategy is manifest particularly in the phenomenon of strategic alliance (Bartlett and Ghoshal 2000), which are inter-firm co-operation agreements to share or transfer skills and resources to meet mutually agreed goals.

    • Word count: 5370
  8. On what is a manager's power based? What might a manager need to consider when attempting to use power to accomplish something at work?

    Different types of power exist and are used in different ways to achieve different desired goals. Power is central to management; it is the leverage that makes management possible. An understanding of power is essential to understanding management. It is a vast, complex and confusing area to understand and analyse. Power, also described as influence and authority are the means for carrying out managerial responsibilities and functions. Power is the capacity that stems from resources enabling you to change people's behaviour.

    • Word count: 2511
  9. Critically evaluate French and Ravens (1959) Model of Power in the context of the operation of any One UK Organisation. How useful is the model in helping managers to understand their role?

    One of French and Ravens bases of social power is coercive power. This occurs when an individual conforms to avoid negative consequences or punishments from those more superior. At Homebase, employees must obtain a certain level of spend and save loyalty card sign-ups each month, otherwise the matter may be investigated by our managers and no bonuses will be received. Homebase's strategy of using negative consequences to obtain objectives seems a clear case of coercive power in motion, but how clear-cut is it?

    • Word count: 3032
  10. Discuss the cause and consequences of job satisfaction. Explain the factors that are likely to be of particular importance for a call centre supervisor in managing subordinates

    There is dubiousness about job satisfaction as whether it consists of a single dimension or multiple dimensions. Some workers may be satisfied with certain aspects of their work and dissatisfied with other aspects. There is no single comprehensive theory which explains job satisfaction. It is a complex concept and difficult to measure objectively. The level of job satisfaction is affected by a wide range of variables also known as causes of job satisfaction. These different factors all affect the job satisfaction of a certain individual in a given set of circumstances but not necessarily in others. Causes of job satisfaction can be broadly classified into three different categories a)

    • Word count: 1067
  11. The future of oil

    Leading economists and scientists claim that Britain should benefit from its North Sea production for many more years. In contrast to this, investigation has shown that the British oil and petroleum sector is mature. Oil has already peaked and gas will peak in a few years, too. Considering both, show that bumping will low down during the next years. Professor Kemp, of Aberdeen University, claims that oil prospecting must be measured by "first of all the exploration success rate and secondly the size of finds". The supply of oil has fallen down during the years. Furthermore the size of new development is well below 40 million barrel of equivalent oil.

    • Word count: 767
  12. Methodology of testing employed in recruitment for non-executive positions

    There are numerous tests available for today's market for non-executive roles. These tests assess competencies such as numerical skills, written understanding, information handling, spatial reasoning, dexterity, speed and accuracy and personality. The objective of this paper is to provide a critical examination of the use of testing methods including psychometric and skills testing in recruitment for non-executive positions in the blue collar and office support markets. This will be achieved by the review of common approaches to recruitment and selection, traditional testing methods, psychometric and skills testing.

    • Word count: 3323
  13. Compare and contrast TWO modern recruitment/selection methods (e.g. psychometric tests) with more traditional systems (e.g. individual interviews).

    Psychometric testing is a series of written or practical tests, which assess a clearly defined sample of human behaviour. According to Marchington and Wilkinson (2002: p308), psychometric tests are aimed at measuring mental ability, and vary in nature when practiced. Furthermore, there are two types of psychometric testing which need to be distinguished: personality tests and cognitive or ability tests. The former provides an assessment of an individual's choice of behaviour in differing situations. According to Toplis et al (1994: 28), personality tests are based around 'trait' or 'type' theories, which involve 'the identification of a number of fairly independent and enduring characteristics of behaviour which all people display but to differing degrees'.

    • Word count: 3217
  14. The nature of motivation.

    Second, there is a notion of goal orientation on the part of the individuals; there behavior is directed towards something. Third this way of viewing motivation contains a systems orientation i.e. it considers those forces in the individuals either to reinforce the intensity of the drive and the direction of their energy or to dissuade them from their course of action and redirect their efforts. Building upon this definition we can now diagram a general modal of the motivation al process.

    • Word count: 8984
  15. Organisation Theory and Behaviour essay

    Abraham Maslow was a brilliant psychologist who developed a structure of human potential. He categorised various levels of needs which drive human beings. When a lower and more pressing need has been satisfied the human feels their motivation shift to a new need at a higher level until the ultimate state of self-actualisation is reached. Maslow's idea is applied not only to individual people but to social groups too. Small organisations and groups of friends or teammates, couples, companies, schools and whole societies move up the heirarchy. Maslow's Heirarchy Of Needs 5. SELF-FULFILLMENT 4. SELF-ESTEEM 3. SOCIAL 2. SAFETY 1.

    • Word count: 1271
  16. Motivation - A Case study on Mega Manufacturing

    Often employee motivation is the line which seperates good companies from great companies. It is essential that the management at Mega Manufacturing understand the motivational profiles of their workers and implement a strategy that will increase employee satisfaction whilst optimising productivity. A number of researchers have argued that a unified theoretical analysis of motivation in organisations would be highly desirable, but that it is difficult and perhaps impossible to achieve. Simply put no one theory can be applied to every individual in every situation.

    • Word count: 2339
  17. Identify the Features of Key Recruitment Documents and Describe the Factors to be Considered when Planning to fill a Vacancy and Carry out Interviews

    It has the responsibilities and authority of the job. Other things included are wage and salary. The job description is written to inform the applicants of what the job they are applying for is about, it also explains to the applicants what is expected of them if they receive the job. Person Specifications The person specification is written by the company or the personnel department. The person specification is a document listing the qualities, skills and characteristics of the ideal person to carry out the duties listed in the job description.

    • Word count: 1531
  18. Interviewing - My experience with recruitment interviewing has shown me that it does not deserve its popularity. Discuss.

    A structured interview is put into a format were questions on the job are laid out in a certain order and irrelevant questions are not used. Problems with this method occur when material is not consistently covered and information gained on the candidate is not sufficient enough (Cowling/Mailer, 1998). Also leaving out questions, which are friendly but irrelevant, may make the candidate uncomfortable and not able to express themselves in their normal manner. In an interview you gain a visual picture of a person, an insight into their character, and a knowledge of what they have done in the past and what they might be capable off in the future.

    • Word count: 1800
  19. Motives for participation and 'Achievement Motivation' must be fully understood by coaches of elite athletes, in order to maximise performance. Discuss this statement, using examples from your own sporting involvement to illustrate your answer.

    Motives for participation vary for men and women, and vary between age groups. As a young child some of the major motives for sport participation were fun, making and being with friends, thrills, improving skills and fitness etc. When I get older my motives will change as my lifestyle, priorities and responsibilities take into effect. They will include health factors, weight loss, fitness, self-challenge and catharsis (stress relief). Motives are what 'drive' many elite performers to success. At an elite level it may be a combination of motives and coaches must ensure that these are the right motives (e.g. mastery)

    • Word count: 908
  20. The Effects of Informational and Controlling Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation

    Verbal informational rewards such as praise almost always resulted in increased interest in an activity (Anderson, Manoogian, & Reznick, 1976; Cameron & Pierce, 1994; Deci, 1972; Deci, Ryan, & Koestner, 1999; Rosenfield, Folger, & Adelman, 1980) while tangible informational rewards tend to have less of a negative impact on motivation than non-informational tangible rewards(controlling rewards). In an experiment done by Karniol and Ross ( ) children age four to nine were assigned to one of three conditions: (1) a performance-relevant condition in which they were rewarded with marshmallows according to how well they played a game; (2)

    • Word count: 3108
  21. Organizational Behavior Issues Analysis

    The three questions were as follows: What can you do to motivate your employees to change? What are the issues you expect to face? What are the human elements that arise out of an acquisition? To answer the first question, according to William S. Cottringer, "A wise manager knows the important of being somewhere in the middle of the leadership continuum to be able to use whatever approach might be must productive at the particular time. For instance, sometimes change is productive and sometimes not." (Cottringer, 4) In my example, communication with my employees would be of the outmost importance for a horizontal transition.

    • Word count: 1122
  22. Consolidated Transition Plan

    (Robins, 6) The company shareholders have just approved a merger/acquisition of the company and I am being held accountable for maintaining departmental performance measures while dealing with human elements simultaneously. To accomplish this, I needed to synthesize an array of questions. The three questions were as follows: What can you do to motivate your employees to change? What are the issues you expect to face? What are the human elements that arise out of an acquisition? To answer the first question, according to William S.

    • Word count: 3127
  23. This report analyses six problems currently existing within the business, which have been identified by a small business service organisation, and looks at possible means of overcoming them.

    I will first give a brief introduction to each part and then look at the options available. Growth Strategy or Consolidation? Growth strategy and consolidation are an important aspect of any company. At the 5-year strategic plan review it has been identified that Software Systems is currently facing significant problems within its business. Therefore they need to look at possible growth through means of investment or to look at maintaining and making the most of the current resources available to them.

    • Word count: 3361
  24. HR theories on Dick Spencer case

    HR is indeed about humans in their relations, no surprises here. The problem is that we often tend to forget this; we cover it with a lot of theories and related names. A part of being human is the ability to empathize, deduct and learn from our experiences. What type of 'human' is Dick Spencer and how does it reflect on his actions? He is clearly very task and result driven. Following McClelland's theory of needs, which I quote in my book OBEA, we can place Dick in the n-Achievement corner.

    • Word count: 1178
  25. The Roles of Entrepreneurial Leadership

    The only path to achieve these goals, demands that a good business leader must make good decisions. Two key aspects of entrepreneurial leadership are decision making and problem solving. The two go hand in hand, and lack of good judgment could easily be detrimental to any business. (Damron) Good decision making involves selecting the better course of action between two or more alternatives. Certain decision making techniques allow you to choose the best choice based on the information you have available. (Functions) Some keys that a good business owner should always keep in mind when making a decision are: Think of the options that are available.

    • Word count: 1864

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