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In this assignment, I intend to discuss the many different teaching styles that can be adopted by teachers and coaches.

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Introduction

In this assignment, I intend to discuss the many different teaching styles that can be adopted by teachers and coaches. Each person has their own individual preference on the way he/she presents information and the style each chooses depends on several variables. There are six variables and throughout the essay I shall portray them all. These include: o The teacher's personality and abilities. o The type of activity to be taught. o The ability of those being taught. o The level of motivation of those being taught. o The age range of the students. o Environmental factors. Firstly, I will recognise the different stages in the learning process and how a coach should effectively structure his/her practices according to the above variables. There are three phases of learning. In the cognitive phase the learner understands the requirements of the task. There is some trial and error learning in this phase. For example if a novice tennis player is in the cognitive phase and needs to understand the serve, his/her teacher could demonstrate the correct technique and highlight important points (cueing) so that the player builds up a mental image of what needs to be done. This 'visualisation' of the movement is more effective if the teaching is simple, clear and concise. The second stage, the associative phase is the practice phase in which the learner receives feedback. ...read more.

Middle

Some teachers are far more extrovert in their approach than others and may adopt a style which is far more open and sociable. Teachers who are more introverted may adopt a style, which may ensure that they do not get into situations where they feel uncomfortable. Teachers who are very able physically may adopt a style to use their physical prowess for demonstration purposes. Some teachers are naturally more charismatic than others and so they tend to use a more teacher-centred approach. Coaches need to be aware of their own personality characteristics and abilities before they decide on the approach they will take. Some feel that teaching is an act and that a 'performance' is required. They create an artificial 'persona' masking their own personality and abilities. Others believe that if they act out a role, their pupils will eventually find out and the learning that has been achieved will be devalued. Each individual must decide on his/her own personal style. The type of activity being taught also has an influence over the style the teacher adopts. For instance, if the activity is dangerous the coach is more likely to adopt a more strict and authoritarian style. If the activity is complex and the perceptual demands are high, a more explanatory style would be appropriate. If the activity is a competition the teaching style will be more reassuring towards the performer(s) ...read more.

Conclusion

It is important to ensure an enjoyable and productive atmosphere, and motivation can be enhanced if personal achievements are recognised. If the teacher has good discipline and the group is large the best style to use is the command style. This style does not allow socialisation or individual involvement in learning. Unfortunately, this style does not allow the development of new ideas and is not a dynamic process. The reciprocal style of teaching allows more social interacting and encourages a sense of responsibility. Group members must be mature enough to handle the responsibility and have reasonable communication skills. The discovery style allows individual creativity but the performer must be well motivated. The instructor must be prepared to step in if the performer runs out of strategies or is beginning to develop bad habits. It is difficult to 'unlearn' incorrect practices. In conclusion it can be suggested that coaches adapt their teaching approach to the type of activity, age, ability and motivation level of the performer(s), environmental factors and their own personality and capability. Mosston's spectrum of teaching styles takes into consideration the proportion of decisions made by the learner and the teacher in the learning process. The more decisions that are made by the teacher, the more authoritarian the style. Each style in the spectrum has its advantages and disadvantages and should be chosen bearing in mind the factors just mentioned. Successful teachers use a wide variety of teaching styles ranging from strict to helpful to simply being positive and raising the performers motivation. (1435) Rachel Wilkinson 1 ...read more.

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