John Tomlinson, (1999), Globalisation & Culture Blackwell, Oxford: Tomlinson's book analyses the phenomenon of globalisation.

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Assignment 1

John Tomlinson, (1999), Globalisation & Culture Blackwell, Oxford: Tomlinson’s book analyses the phenomenon of globalisation, focusing on the area of cultural change exploring debates around social and cultural modernity, stating evidence of a pattern suggesting the breakdown of links between the experience of culture and place.  This ´breakdown’ is occurring at different rates and times in different spaces, but Tomlinson believes it is evident on a global scale.  The authors discuss whether cultural boundaries are breaking down, and cultures are merging, particularly in relation to the media and communications technologies, culmination in a discussion of the possibility of a cosmopolitan planet..

Mike Featherstone, (1990), Global Culture: Nationalism, Globalization & Modernity, Sage, London: Social Scientists from all around the world have contributed to this book, giving it a broad viewpoint.  The writers have come together to assess whether the globalisation of culture is taking place, enquiring whether globalisation is promoting cultural erosion and assimilation resulting in a new homogenized culture, with relation to a new system of power relations e.g. global economics, international laws and United Nations agreements.  The publication questions whether globalisation will produce higher acceptance and tolerance levels between societies, or whether a backlash from fundamentalist and nationalist movements will occur.  

Robertson,R, (1992), Social Theory and Global Culture, Sage, London: Robertson begins his book by percieving globalisation as a problem, discussing the public‘s changing conceptions of a world which is rapidly `shrinking’, and the potential social, political and economis repercussions of this, before continuing to illustrate the ways in which culture has become a globally contested issue e.g. the repidly changing process „...yields new actors and `third cultures’- such as transnationsl movements and international organisations- that are orientated negatively or positively, to a global-human circumstance“ p61.  Robertson then argues „Cultural pluralism is itself a constitutive part the contemporary global circumstance  “ (blurb) finishing the book with a ‚search for fundamentals’ in the global perspective.  

The above texts are relevant to the part of my project which investigates the impact of traveler’s on the globalisation process.

Urry,J, (1990) The Tourist Gaze: Leisure and Travel in Contemporary Society, Sage, London:  Urry considers the way in which tourists view the phenomenon they encounter at sites of interest using what he has termed ‚the tourist gaze’.  Urry believes there are specific ways in which this can be analysed, including the use of historical, social, cultural, economic and visual modes of analysis.  The issues surrounding international tourism are discussed in the context of Post Modernism, e.g. „changing patterns of tourism- the attraction of the rural; urban and cultural tourism; industrial and heratage tourism.“, along with it‘s similarities and links to other contemporary social practices.

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Wahab,S & Cooper,C, (2001), Tourism in the Age of Globailsation, Routlege, London:  Wahab & Cooper firstly examine the current trends in globalisation, including economic, terretorial and social implications to provide an overview of this process.  The globalisation of tourism is then introduced, with discussions of ‚who’ the tourist actually is,  what theri demands/expectations are, and how the industry responds to these demands in the age of globalisation.  The manner in which travel companies compete, interact and deal with factors such as safety and quality in the current climate is examined, plus issues of sustainable development, environment, politics and cultural ...

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