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University Degree: Management Studies

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  1. The most prominent mode of transferring control of corporate assets is merger. Recall that a merger is a transaction in which one corporation (the acquired) secures title to the stock or assets of another (the acquired).

    Headlines regularly announce proposals of corporate mergers and acquisitions. Tender offers have become a widespread, much publicized means of changing control and the size of the targets is becoming ever larger. Along with these fairly recent developments, the old-fashioned proxy fight now appears to be undergoing a dramatic revival. Once a phenomenon associated almost exclusively with small companies, proxy challenges have just succeeded in outgoing directors of companies as large as Superior Oil and GAF. All these events, together with the less frequent, though increasingly common news of divestitures, spin-offs and leveraged buyouts are signs of the vigorous working of a market for corporate control.

    • Word count: 3216
  2. Chief executive lifestyle stress by Sutherland, V.J. and Cooper, C.L (1995) - critically review all aspects of the article.

    Chief Executive official for example experience stress as a result of major event in their lives, people may experience stress when they perceive a threat to themselves, for example a person that feel unable to cope effectively at a managerial (top executive level) may experience stress. J. Arnald, C. L Cooper and I. T Robertson (1998) P450 say; Important people who are on top of the hierarchical table often get bombarded with a lot of work and important decision-making, which help sharp up the business success, common signs of stress includes an increased heart rate, higher blood pressure, muscle tension, metal depression, and inability to concentrate.

    • Word count: 2178
  3. Organisational Behaviour in Business.

    Employee goals; why does the employee work, what does he/she get out of working life (2) Management's assumptions about the employee's working life; how well does the management know the employee, poor knowledge may lead to the wrong/inappropriate choice of reward system. (Organisational Behaviour, Andrzej Huczynski & David Buchanan: P692) Taylor's "Scientific management" theory recognises that "people respond to individuals not groups" and "people can be treated in a standard fashion like a machine", from this we could see that if a customer walks into a business and sees one individual employee, they will feel relaxed and not worry about being asked a lot of questions from various people.

    • Word count: 1521
  4. To what extent is leadership dependant on the personality of the individual manager? What are the implications of your answer for managerial practices?

    There are a number of alternative lists of essential traits, compiled through observation of successful leaders. They detail any common psychological, and on occasion physical, factor considered relevant. Stogdill (1948; 1974, cited by Huczynski and Buchanan, 2001) lists twelve factors common to the numerous studies he examined, included were; a strong drive for responsibility, self-confidence, willingness to tolerate frustration and delay, and an ability to influence the behaviour of others. Many other lists of traits exist, and in essence this represents one of the critical flaws of the concept. Each study identifies a similar but differing set of essential characteristics, leading to the question: If there are a set of traits that are fundamental and common to all great leaders, then why can no-one agree upon what they are?

    • Word count: 4021
  5. Personal Marketing Plan

    Below is an outline of what the accounting industry is and why I want to join the industry. The Accounting Industry as a Whole When you think of accounting, you think of the Big 4 (KPMG, PriceWaterHouseCoopers, Ernst and Young, Deloitte and Touche) and their counter parts. However, this is not the entire case. The Big 4 firms belong to what is called the corporate accounting industry and that is just one aspect of the larger accounting industry as a whole. I am majoring in CPA accounting and not regular accounting because I aspire to become a certified public accountant.

    • Word count: 3348
  6. 'The sign of a good manager is the ability to delegate responsibility. If control of expenditure is to be delegated, then there must be a budget'

    different sections within the organisation like the production section and the sales department, will need to function independently in order to meet the targets set by the company. To control these sections or departments, a budget tends to be used to restrict expenditure and increase efficiency in order to reach the targets set. It is therefore important to examine if budgets are needed within companies by studying the advantages and disadvantages of them and whether companies can function without a budget, meaning the control of expenditure can be delegated without enforcing any means of control.

    • Word count: 2201
  7. What are the characteristics of an autocratic group leader? How successful are such leaders in motivating members of their group?

    Secondly, a laissez-fair leadership role can be adopted where not one person or sub-group takes responsibility for the actions within the group. This type of leadership does not generally work well and little is achieved other than confusion. The third type of leader would be a democratic one. This is where the group comes to decision from all members taking an active role without domination, leading to more united efforts however there may still be an 'elected' leader or a rotated leadership role that would produce equity within the group.

    • Word count: 549
  8. Winds of Change - Survival plan for Goodies enterprises.

    This doesn't mean three year warranty, but manufacturers having a duty to fix the equipment for three years. Usually out of this, one year is covered under Warranty. People then have an option to extend this warranty to 3 years for a slight fee. In other countries such as Korea, the after-service length is only a year. However, there are a lot of just Electronics Repair shops that fixes almost anything electrical regardless of its make, or age. When you break something in U.K, you don't expect to see it again for at least 3 months.

    • Word count: 3493
  9. What factors make a successful leader.

    (Warren Vessey). In a team game like football the leader plays a huge role in the team's success. Great Football teams have benefited from great leadership and have triumphed in their achievements on the pitch. Such as Tony Adams captaining Arsenal F.C at centre back winning the Premiership and the FA Cup numerous, Manchester United with the dynamic Roy Keane captaining the side from centre midfield. But if you step back and go to where talented footballers are born in the schools then the term leadership can mean different things.

    • Word count: 1013
  10. How does British Gas fulfil its obligations to stakeholders in terms of ethical business practice and socially responsible corporate behaviour?

    In December 1999, BG plc completed a financial restructuring which formed the company BG Group plc. BG Group plc later demerged in 2000 to create two new companies BG Group plc and Lattice Group plc. Since demerger the range of products offered by British Gas include home security, plumbing, and kitchen appliance cover. A business can have many different stakeholders such as customer, employee or the owner of the business. Stakeholders have an interest in what happens as a result of the firm's activities. There are two types of stakeholders, primary and secondary. Primary stakeholders are those stakeholders "whom a business affects and interacts with most directly" while secondary stakeholders are those stakeholders "whom a business affects in an indirect or limited way" (Fry et al, p124)

    • Word count: 1013
  11. World Class Organisation.

    Organisations of the future will not be able to expand into new markets and win market share without entrusting their employees with the purposeful use of the organisation's resources. The organisation that is socially and environmentally responsible and attracts the most valuable knowledge workers will gain a competitive advantage by winning business from other less responsible and less trusting organisations.

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  12. What factors contribute to make a good leader and how might your style of leadership vary to be successful when involved in individual, team and racket activities?

    One thing, however, is imperative. The captain has to be virtually irreplaceable. He has to be the main man, sure of his place in the side or team, secure in the knowledge that his work-rate, his commitment and his talent cannot be questioned. It is certainly the only way a captain whose preferred method is to dish out roasting's on the pitch on a regular basis can retain his authority. Footballers are quick to see the c***k in any team-mate's game or any dip in his standard and a captain's words would bounce back at double speed if he let his own game drop in quality.

    • Word count: 1236
  13. In an ever changing working environment, the only way to succeed in leadership is to adopt a contingency based approach and adopt a participative style - Discuss the above statement with reference to appropriate theory and practice.

    It would be difficult to imagine the Roman Empire without leaders such as Julius Caesar, or the Mongols along with their brutal regime without Ghengis Khan. Having the ability to lead within organisations is of a growing interest to businesses. Desire to explore this field has resulted from the need to lead companies throughout periods of change, brought by the increase in competition and the recessionary climate in the late 1980's and early 1990's. ______________________ The Oxford dictionary defines to lead as Conduct, guide, esp. by going in front; guide by persuasion; guide actions or opinions of, induce to do.

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  14. What are the factors contribute to make a good leader and how might your style of leadership change to be successful when involved in individual, racket and team activities.

    Others lead because they possess great minds and ideas. And then there are people who stumble into leadership because of the times or circumstances in which they find themselves. Managers and generals use intimidation, not leadership. Leadership is a complex moral relationship between people, based on trust, obligation, commitment, emotion, and a shared vision of the good. Ethics, then, lies at the very heart of leadership. All leaders display common traits: discipline, obligation, commitment, emotion and charisma. Some characteristics of leaders include intelligence, dependability, emotional stability, and communication skills.

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  15. Leadership and Management.

    Another generalisation made was the fact that how likeable a leader is is greatly important to begin but over time other factors come into effect, such as ability and competence. One final generalisation discussed was the fact that you are not necessarily born a leader but you can learn effective leadership behaviour in order to become a successful leader. French et al state that effective leadership depends partly on the support and encouragement given to them by their bosses. French et al determined three style of leadership: authoritarian, democratic and laissez-faire.

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  16. What factors contribute to make a good leader and how might your style of leadership vary to be successful when involved in individual, racket and team activities?

    do or others won't respect their decisions * Tactical Knowledge - A leader needs to change tactics in time of need * Concentration - A leader needs to concentrate 100% to be a role model to his team * Passionate - Needs to show passion so it will spread throughout the team * Knowledge - Needs to understand the game to evaluate it correctly * Motivation Skills - A leader needs to be able to motivate his team in times of need * Communication Skills - A leader needs to communicate with the rest of his team There is a theory that leaders are born and not made this is called the 'great man' theory (Carlyle 1841)

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  17. Explain the influence of group membership patterns on Intra-Group Communication.

    (Shein 1980) Groups can be distinguished into two types. Membership groups are actual identifiable groups such as clubs, ones family, and a group of students or friends. Reference groups are those groups, which we aspire to belong. It may be that we wish to belong to a particular social circle or to increase our status by joining a prestigious golf club. We can further differentiate between groups by those to which we are ascribed (the family) and those to which are achieved (the golf club) To understand intra-group communication we need to understand how a group forms and functions.

    • Word count: 1510
  18. Types of leadership - Leading and motivating.

    This will be used if you disagree, argue or maybe even question what you have been told to do. For example, if you question or disagree with a gang leaders decision, he will beat you up and punish you. This style of leadership was used extensively in World War 2 when Hitler ruled Germany, he was a real authoritarian leader and nobody was allowed to question his actions of his rules. If they did they would be dealt with! Laissez-faire leadership Laissez-faire is a French word, which means, "letting people do what they want". Laissez-faire leadership is the total opposite of authoritarian leadership.

    • Word count: 546
  19. Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility.

    Stakeholders are usually people who have any sort of interest in the business, this don't necessarily have to be financial such as shareholders just general. This can vary from suppliers, Board of Directors, and founders to even customers. I will now go on to about my given Company, Unilever. Every company has its own work style. Unilever is an international producer of foods, home products and personal care products. It has a worldwide turnover of more than 47 billion Euros for the year 2000, with 295,000 employees and branches in more than 100 countries.

    • Word count: 1741
  20. "Discuss what you consider to be the most important qualities of a modern organisational leader and to what extent you agree with the assertation that effective leadership is now critical to organisational success.

    Leadership is a very important part of management but the two should never be confused. A survey conducted in 1999 of more than 5000 HR professionals showed that almost sixty percent of companies offered leadership development to its managers with the remainder planning to do so in the future. This survey also placed leadership in the top three "must-have " qualities for management. ( Making Leadership Development Effective, Roni Drew, 1999, Boston ) Wayne Calloway, former C.E.O. for PepsiCo once stated that the secret of his company's success was the three p`s i.e. People, people and people.

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  21. What factors contribute to make a good leader and how might your style of leadership vary to be successful when involved in individual, racket and team activities?

    * Communication * Respect for group members * Respect from group members ( are a role model) * Enthusiasm and empathy * High ability (in a subject) * Deep knowledge (of a subject) * Charisma and confidence According to Carron (1981) new leaders are selected in two ways. Firstly, Carron said there were "emergent" leaders who rose naturally from their group or who were selected by their peers. This happens frequently in sporting events as the new leader will have the support and respect of their team mates (e.g. A basketballer scoring many decisive points during a match).

    • Word count: 1747
  22. What are the key aspects of management and leadership?

    Human Resource Management - Having the "Right" person in the "right" job. This is essential; a manager has to be with the people they feel will do the job best and whom they feel will contribute to the organisation as a whole. 2. Organisation - Dividing work especially large projects into smaller tasks, which are then delegated to others. This is vital in large firms where departments have to work towards large tasks which too many can seem impossible. Delegation is crucial in making people feel they have an active role in the firm.

    • Word count: 643
  23. Does leadership style matter?

    These different methods are used when certain situations occur, for example in the beginning of the movie Any Given Sunday the coach has to use high risk and low relationship method to coach the team. The reason why he chooses this method is because the team lacked the basic skills and he had to take a risk and change their practice style and get them to learn the basic skill. However, to do this he has to practice low relationship to teach them the necessary skills to be a competing football team.

    • Word count: 1540
  24. Understanding Leadership Issues and Challenges in Indian Organizations.

    " - Bennis, W. Kotter2 asserts that leadership and management each has its own function and characteristic activities. Management is about coping with complexity while leadership is about coping with change. Good management brings a degree of order and consistency. The more rapidly the environment changes, the more an organization relies on leadership to survive and compete effectively. Leadership and management are two distinctive, yet complementary, systems for action. Leadership and management are similar since both involve deciding what needs to be done, creating networks of individuals to do what needs to be done, and ensuring that individuals actually do what needs to be done.

    • Word count: 10433
  25. Creating Leaders of the Future

    Although the IIP Standard sets out to be a best practice tool and offers guidance on issues such as Management Development, companies may yet have to report annually on their management and leadership training. The proposal to do so comes from the government advisory body the Council for Excellence in Management and Leadership whose Chairman, Sir Anthony Cleaver, believes that the UK must develop a national framework to assess the capabilities of its workforce. He added that the shortage of managers with leadership skills and the shortage of professional staff with managerial abilities contrasted with an increase in the demand for these skills.

    • Word count: 5120

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