Key External Environment of Manchester Airport
The purpose of this report is to detail the key external environment issues surrounding Manchester Airport and how the Marketing Manger and the Operations Manager can attempt to influence or control these. The external environment is considered to be a far environment, therefore can neither be controlled nor influenced. This environment consists of Social, Legal, Technological, Economical and Political factors. For Manchester Airport these are: - . Social - Demographics, Seasons, environmental issues. 2. Legal - Legislations. 3. Economic - Boom/bust cycle, interest rates, taxation and Government expenditure. 4. Political - The Government and legislation. 5. Technological - Information technology. Fig 1, Current environmental issues Social: - The social factors include population factors of age, occupation, lifestyle and wealth distribution. These can all have major impacts on businesses. Age population can determine whether people will travel close to home or further away, as younger people have families, which means there is a budget attached to their spending. Older people tend not to have a young family to cater for and have a larger disposable income. Occupation determines a person's lifestyle through their earnings and thus their wealth distribution. Seasons affect the travel industry as most people prefer to travel in the summer for the warmth; therefore it
Trust and loyalty is the cornerstone of a well-organized company.
Trust and loyalty is the cornerstone of a well-organized company. Employees seek out these attributes within companies because for many of us, a good portion of our livelihood is working for someone else. More and more companies are realizing that their employees/associates are the foundation for their success and growth and they recognize and reward those that are reliable and dedicated to their work. Happy employees are productive, willing to sacrifice more, and project a positive company image. Value added benefits aside from the legally required benefits can make all the difference to content employees. It can motivate them to strive for more, reduce employee turnover and advertise the company in a much more positive way. One company that realizes this and places a great emphasis on the happiness and well being of their associates is JM Lexus of S. Florida, a family-owned company. Discretionary benefits and benefits required by law can stimulate some confusion in many of us. To appreciate the discretionary benefits offered by companies, like JMFE, we have to differentiate between both. Legally required benefits are programs established by the US Government to protect individuals from catastrophic events such as disability and unemployment (Sherman, Bohlander, and Snell. Managing Human Resources, 11th Edition). These benefits came about by the rapid growth of
E-Governance and its IT Alignment
Nottingham University Business School MBA Programme Management Information Systems (N1DM68) E-Governance and its IT Alignment RAVI KRISHNAN NEDUMPARAMBUMANA Student ID: 004225 2007 Total words: 3895 COPY 1 Executive Summary: Information and communication technologies have a valuable potential to help meet good governance goals in India. This paper looks into the relationship and application of Information Technology in Government and its benefits. Further two Strategic Alignment models are applied to the governance mechanism to understand its relation with IT. It is followed by the E governance structure of India and to understand it better a detailed study on a project named "FRIENDS" is included. The study analyses how the project is benefiting people, its enablers and constraints. Finally the paper concludes with recommendations. Key words: E governance, Strategic alignment and maturity, FRIENDS Project Table of Contents: Page No: Introduction 3 Information technology as a facilitator of Governance 3 Definition of E Governance 3 Fields of Implementation of E Governance 4 Importance and Benefits of E Governance 5 Application of Strategic Alignment Model 6 Alignment model for E Governance 8 Applying Strategic Alignment maturity model 10 E Governance in India 12 FRIENDS Project in Kerala
Prepare a briefing for an organization which summarizes the requirements of ISO 9000:2000. Explain the extra requirements of ISO 9004:2000 and summarize the benefits and problems of accrediting to the 'higher' standard of ISO 9004:2000.
TBS 950 - QUALITY IN MANAGEMENT INTAKE A - 2004 Report 1 Prepare a briefing for an organization which summarizes the requirements of ISO 9000:2000. Explain the extra requirements of ISO 9004:2000 and summarize the benefits and problems of accrediting to the 'higher' standard of ISO 9004:2000. To: Prof. Michael Hough By: Christina Samuel Student ID: 2532256 Date: 4th March 2004 COMPANY OVERVIEW Company ABC is a medium-sized health services provider in Dubai that has been operational for the last fifteen years. Its early years were focussed on delivering optical and dental care to upper middle income families but for the last ten years they have developed to offering medical care in fields ranging from dermatology to paediatrics. Following the Dubai government's move towards quality management in business organisations, the management team at Company ABC decided to implement ISO 9000 standards solely for the internal benefits they bring in increased effectiveness and efficiency of operations. Choosing this option helped then benefit from the system without incurring the investment required in an actual certification programme. Recently, however, with the updating of the ISO 9000 family, more and more firms in Dubai are seeking to get certified. This has helped many firms pull in more customers primarily assuring them of high quality standards that are
Analysis of the movie "The Contender".
Analysis of the movie "THE CONTENDER" This movie mainly involves i) The President of United States called Evans (from the Democratic Party) ii) The Chairman of the Republican Party called Runyon iii) The Senator of Ohio from the Democratic Party, a woman called Laine The other roles are i) The Governor of Virginia from Democratic Party called Hathaway ii) A young Democratic Congressman called Werster This movie mentions about two political parties of the USA having serious conflict in choosing the Vice-President. (The conflict seems to be a task conflict. Actually, it is a relationship conflict. Studies demonstrate that relationship conflicts are almost always dysfunctional. It appeals that the friction and interpersonal hostilities inherent in relationship conflicts increase personality clashes and decrease mutual understanding, thereby hindering the completion of organizational tasks.) Actually, the conflict is based on the relationship between Evans, the President and Runyon, the Chairman of Republican Party. The relationship between Evans and Runyon is very worse. Runyon always rejects everything proposed by Evans. It is because Evans criticized him too seriously during the previous President election. Runyon also wanted to be the President but is defeated by Evans. When the sitting Vice-President dies suddenly, Laine, a female Senator is chosen by the President
An analysis of the leadership qualities and effectiveness of Kwek Leng Beng, Chairman of Hong Leong Group, one of the largest property developer in Singapore.
KWEK LENG BENG Chairman Hong Leong Group Singapore Table of Content Page . Extract 2. The Founding of Hong Leong Group 3. The Rise of Chinese Family Business and the Singapore Economy 4. Influence of Confucianism 5. Organizational Structure and Culture 6. Kwek's Leadership Style 7. Kwek's Managerial traits and skills 8. Participative leadership and Delegation 9. Leadership in teams 0. Contingency theory of effective leadership 1. Leading change in organization 2. Is Kwek's leadership effective? 3. Transformational leadership 4. References . Abstract This paper is an analysis of the leadership qualities and effectiveness of Kwek Leng Beng, Chairman of Hong Leong Group, one of the largest property developer in Singapore, in the context of what has been covered in the Preston MBA module MG 6030 Leadership along the guidelines of the core text, Leadership in Organizations (Yukl, 1988). It should be noted that many of the observations about the leadership were based on my own personal experiences while working as Deputy Director of Design in the organization from December 1997 to February 2000. 3. THE FOUNDING OF HONG LEONG GROUP Kwek Leng Beng is Chairman of the Hong Leong Group, one the largest conglomerate in Singapore which has often been hailed as one of the success stories of the modern Singapore business environment. The company was founded in 1950 by
The Second Time Around? Repeat Entrepreneurs from MIT
The Second Time Around? Repeat Entrepreneurs from MIT By: Charles E. Eesley and Edward B. Roberts? October 25, 2006 Abstract In this paper we explore the factors that condition the likelihood that an entrepreneur starts a second firm. We use data from survey responses of 1,789 entrepreneurs to examine firm founding behavior. Results indicate that multiple entrepreneurs differ from single-firm entrepreneurs in certain demographic and educational characteristics prior to starting a first firm. The phenomenon of graduates embarking on careers of multiple entrepreneurship appears to be growing over time. The results also show that the first firms of eventual multiple entrepreneurs differ from the first firms of single-firm only entrepreneurs. The paper indicates that those entrepreneurs with the highest probability of starting a second firm have greater time and access to financial resources to undertake a new venture. Starting a first firm sooner after graduation, being divorced, the first firm being acquired, and raising initial capital for the first firm from angel investors all increase the probability that the entrepreneur will start a second firm. I. Introduction A growing literature in strategy and economics has noted that an important source of new entrants is incumbent firms in the same industry (Klepper 2001; Gompers, Lerner, and Scharfstein, 2005). However,
Why did Microsoft threaten to withdraw its business from China?
BU2059N- DEVELOPMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS LAW TASK 1: PRESENTATION WEEK 5 Why did Microsoft threaten to withdraw its business from China? Introduction China has seen a flow in foreign-related intellectual property rights (IPR) court cases since joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001. The number of cases are the prove of how inefficient is the law regarding the protection of intellectual property rights, for that reason multinational companies like Microsoft are threatened to withdraw its businesses from China. The IPR law is so weak due to the legislative system which has two dimensions, concerning parties at a public international law and private international law level and also because of its impact on economic sectors. This essay will examine those issue in depth and will try to explain reasons behind why Microsoft is planning to withdraw its businesses form china. Microsoft vs. China Microsoft is the largest personal computer software company in the world, with products like Windows, MS Word or MS Excel it has conquered 90 percent of the computer market users around the world. One of Microsoft's international strategy is to expand its activity into mainland China, were almost 3,2 million computers were sold in 1997 and is expected to grow higher by a million every year, the importance of the Chinese market is significant to Microsoft, its
Occupational Stress and its Effects on Organizational Communication
Occupational Stress and its Effects on Organizational Communication By: Remon Hanna For: Dr. Isaac Smith Course: PSY 209 Due Date: March 25th, 2003 Occupational Stress and its Effects on Organizational Communication The nature of work is changing at whirlwind speeds. Perhaps now, more than ever before, job stress poses a threat to the health of workers. Stress has long been associated with the onset of significant physical and mental health problems. Stress began to be implicated in areas beyond the bounds of physical and mental health as far back as the 1980s. In the organizational environment, stress has been implicated in the deterioration of performance efficiency by both managers and subordinates. When performance efficiency suffers the quality of the overall organizational environment and productivity deteriorates. A deterioration of the organizational environment is accompanied by deterioration in organizational communication (Gilberg, 1993). The primary sources of occupational stress within an organization originate from four areas. These areas include task demands, physical demands, role demands, and interpersonal demands. "Any demand, either of a physical nature or psychological nature, encountered in the course of living is know as a 'stressor'. A stress response will occur as a result of an individual's interaction with and reaction to the stressor"
Using the Resource Based View, what are Oxford's unique strategic resources? How would you strengthen the University's corporate plan using insights from the Resource Based View and/or Porter's Five Forces model of strategy?
Using the Resource Based View, what are Oxford's unique strategic resources? How would you strengthen the University's corporate plan using insights from the Resource Based View and/or Porter's Five Forces model of strategy? In 2005, the University of Oxford published a Corporate Plan outlining issues that needed to be addressed to ensure the continued operation of the university at the top end of international institutions of research and education. Oxford's continued success in the world ranking tables (currently fourth according to the Times Higher Education Supplement) can be attributed to a strong academic reputation based on core teaching methods, talented professors in every field and a university structure shared by one other highly ranked university, Cambridge. Though Oxford is not a business in the sense that it is a profit maximising organisation, there are many similarities between the university and a professional service firm. It does not seek to satisfy shareholders but there are stakeholders who have a vested interest in the future functioning of the university. I will show why Oxford has managed to sustain its reputation and ways to improve the corporate plan by evaluating (i) the unique strategic resources that set Oxford aside from its competitors, (ii) improvements that can be made by using the resource based view and (iii) by using Porter's Five