• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Managing project teams has plenty of theories, from motivational theories to types of teams to be managed. All have the same basic concepts which enable them to be successful. Most theories point to some type of motivation for teams to be successful.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Abstract: In the late 1970's Dr. Meredith Belbin and his research team set about observing teams. Their objective was to find out some teams just seemed to work and others hit the rocks. They wanted to control the dynamics of teams to discover if - and how - problems could be pre-empted and avoided. The research revealed that the differences between success and failure was not dependent on factors such as intellect, but more on behavior. The team identified separate clusters of behavior, each of which formed a distinct team contributions or "team roles". The study defines team roles as a tendency to behave, contribute and interrelate with others in a particular way. (belbin) . The study also identifies 9 team roles. These were identified as the plant, the monitor evaluator, co-coordinators, the resource investigators, the implementers, the completer finishers, the team-workers, the shapers, and the specialist. Each of these individuals plays a specific role in the team. Belbin Team Role Theory In the late 1970's Dr. Meredith Belbin and his research team set about observing teams. Their objective was to find out some teams just seemed to work and others hit the rocks. ...read more.

Middle

Individuals may be empowered during this phase to take small decisions. Success depends on a conscious effort form the team members. Performing occurs when the team actually starts to work towards achieving the laid down objectives. The study found that teams that resolved the first two stages successfully, tended to function as a unit to get tasks done effectively, without conflict or external supervision. It also showed that success depended on the interpersonal structure that allows flexible roles for team members. In this stage the project manager acts as a facilitator delegating tasks and overseeing their implementation (tuckman). In the adjourning stage of Tuckmans theory, project members celebrate the accomplishment of the project goals and the team disassembles. During this stage the project manager needs to improve project team motivation. This is usually due to the team members feelings of uncertainty about their future. At this stage the project manager can either introduce a new product with necessary team changes, or simply proceed to disband the team (tuckman). Motivational Theory in Project Management Josh Nankivel's theory on motivation refers to the hygiene / motivator theory. Satisfaction and dissatisfaction . According to Nankivel, job satisfaction does not result in motivation, and the two are not opposites of each other, but are separate issues which need to be investigated separately. ...read more.

Conclusion

They support people who are working on common tasks or in the same professional field and who can benefit from sharing experience. According to Kimball, management must have a new mind set in order to be effective in contemporary organizations. Managers must move from a face to face environment for interaction to different kinds of environment to support high quality interaction. Managers are shifting from collaboration when teams interact at a fixed time and place to ongoing and boundary-less collaboration (Kimball). Conclusion Managing project teams has plenty of theories, from motivational theories to types of teams to be managed. All have the same basic concepts which enable them to be successful. Most theories point to some type of motivation for teams to be successful. There are numerous theories on motivation, from Mcgregor's theory X and theory Y to Herzbergs KITA motivation theory. Tuckmans theory outlines 5 different stages for the development of project teams. These theories are distinct and merge to some extent into virtual teams. Meredith Belbin, How to Belbin Team RolesRetrieved from, http://www.belbin.com/rte.asp?id=8 19 Jun 2011 N Nayab, Tuckman's Theory of Team Development for Project Teams, Retrieved from; http://www.brighthub.com/office/project-management/articles/103182.aspx 19 Jun 2011 Tonya Peterson, Motivation: How to Increase Project Team Performance, Retrieved 19 Jun 2011 from;http://userhome.brooklyn.cuny.edu/irudowsky/PM/articles/Motivation-IncreaseProjectTeamPerformance.pdf Ron Holohan, Motivational Theory in Project Management, Retrieved 19 Jun 2011 from, http://pm411.org/2008/06/23/motivational-theory-in-project-management/ Lisa Kimball, Managing Virtual Teams, 1997 retrieved from; http://www.groupjazz.com/pdf/vteams-toronto.pdf ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Human Resource Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Human Resource Management essays

  1. Motivation in the Workplace. This specific study looks into the distinction between promotion versus ...

    Thus, the specific fit between the regulation focus and outcome is ultimately what determines motivation. Higgins forwards the idea of "congruency" as the primary method to determine between character types. Idea of congruency states that the prevention system becomes active when actions are recognized to have negative outcomes, because such

  2. An Evaluation of F.W.Taylor and D.McGregor's management theories

    Similar to McGregor's Theory X. McGregor's Theory Y 'sums up the precepts of a unitary and normative frame of reference for managerial practice' (Dean, C, C, 1997). Their points of view differ, as Taylor believes an organisation can only gain maximum productivity by controlling the workers, 'money is the motivator' (Hannagan, T, 1998: 45)

  1. How can a manager use process theories of motivation to better motivate a work ...

    (Boddy David, 2008, p.24). Besides, equity theory also offers managers with some other messages. First, people have right to question a decision and they are more likely to accept a decision if they think it is fair. People base their attentions on their perceptions of reality.

  2. Motivation Theories

    Organisational behaviour (9th edition) by Stephen P Robbins pg 155 Some of the common characteristics of motivation are: 1. It concerns with what activates human behavior. 2. It involves what directs this behavior toward a particular goal. 3. Motivation concerns how this behavior is sustained (supported).

  1. How can you create a successful International team-1

    Just like formal groups, we have informal groups. These groups are formed by the members of the formal groups. Informal groups exist in an organization but are not anticipated by the management. The informal groups are formed by the members of the formal groups due to their interactions with each other.

  2. Management and leadership within health visiting team in Edmonton locality.

    Motivation Mazlow and Aldefer Theory: Mazlow explained motivation in terms of needs which individuals seek to satisfy. He argues that these are in the form of an heirachy-physiogical, safety, social, "ego" and what he termed "self actualisation" or what a man can be he must be".

  1. The nature of motivation.

    The earliest such theory centered on the concept of instinct. Instinct theory Psychologist like James, Freud, McDougall have proposed that two additional variables were crucial to understand behavior: instinct and unconscious motivation. These theorists visualized behavior as being instinctive rather than rational.

  2. International management. This essay aims to discuss challenges, which international teams have to ...

    How could they act efficiently and successfully as an ?international team? and finally what are the difficulties for a team acting in a global environment? The aims of this paper are to highlight the challenges that international teams face as well as the strategies that can be used to overcome these challenges.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work