Compare and contrast any two female free standing sculptures with any two male free standing sculptures.
Compare and contrast any two female free standing sculptures with any two male free standing sculptures I am going to compare the Athenian Akropolis Kore (ca.520-510) and the Auxerre Maiden (ca. 750) as the two female free standing sculptures and the New York Met/Kouros (youth) and Kleobis (ca.600) as the male free standing sculpture. The two male sculptures are dated from roughly the same period and so should have more similarities than the two female sculptures which were of very different dates. Female The most obvious difference that faces you is the fact that the Auxerre Maiden is by far the simpler and earliest of the two. The Athenian Akropolis Kore has much more lavish clothing and hair, the clothes on the Auxerre Maiden are very plain and simple there is little detail on it and it shows no understanding of the movement and creases in the clothes like the Athenian Akropolis Kore shows. The dress itself is very box like and looks to be made out of cardboard the fabric shown is static and shows no movement. The Athenian Akropolis Kore's drapery however is full of detail and the clothes have movement, it bunches together where she is presumably holding up her dress as all the signs indicate towards that. Overall the clothing of the Athenian Akropolis Kore is far more elaborate and shows deep creases in the clothes, it does not look like the box shapes dress of the
My immediate interest in jewellery was established when I created a workbook on jewellery as part of my GCSE Art and Design course. Since then, my interest in this field has developed further, which is why I have chosen to base my dissertation on this particular theme. However, considering that the general term 'jewellery' can be defined as, 'ornaments containing precious stones worn for personal adornment', I have decided that to base my dissertation simply on 'jewellery' would be covering too wide a scope. Therefore, instead, I have chosen to focus mainly on designer jewellery, which in my opinion, is one of the most original, and compelling kinds of jewellery in existence today. In my dissertation I plan to examine the work of a selected number of leading contemporary designer jewellers, as well as explore a range of contemporary jewellery exhibitions, presently being held in prestigious galleries within the UK. J CHAPTER ONE Before launching into designer jewellery I have decided first of all to examine briefly the history of jewellery, because indeed many of today's contemporary jewellery designs depict inspirations from the past. The history of jewellery covers over several thousand years of civilisation, and begins with that of the ancient World. It was during this period, that techniques such as granulation and modelling of tools were first practised by groups
Jenna Mooney 6.3 Extended Essay The Suffragettes ". . . The pre-war suffrage movement paved the way for votes for women" A quote from historian Paula Barley which is suggestive in saying that the actions of the Woman's Suffrage Movement were the decisive factor in women gaining the vote in Britain. In the Representation Of The People Act in 1918 the vote was given to all men over the age of 21 provided they had resided in Britian for over 6 months. Women over the age of 30 who were householders, married to a householders or university graduates were also given the vote. It can be said that the actions of the Women`s Suffrage Movements undoubtedly played a major role in woman gaining the vote in Britain in 1918. However many historians hold debates regarding whether the actions of The Woman`s Suffrage Movement were soley responsible for the achievement of the vote in 1918. This essay will discuss the importance of the Women`s Suffrage Movement whilst also examining other contributing factor to women gaining the vote. It is useful to establish the social political and economic position of women in the years leading up to 1914. In the 1850`s, a steriotypical view of the family life existed in Britian which centred on the middle class conception of the family, which was the dominant male figure of the family being the proctector, breadwinner and dicision maker and the
"A Norwich Heresy Trial, 1428-1431" Document Study Jeremy Ring 62001 University of Saskatchewan History 120.6 Prof. Frank Klassen January 13, 2003 Ring, 1 Heresy trials have been a primary source of understanding the past and the beliefs of the different levels of society. None has been more important than the documents involved in the manuscript of the Westminster Diocesan Archives MS. B.2. The section that will be dealt with is section 22, which involves a glover from Beccles, Mr. John Reve. John Reve is on trial for being a suspected heretic, and this article indicates his beliefs and opinions. This manuscript deals with all the fundamental Lollard beliefs in which John Wyclif proclaimed. The confession was one of only a few selections that had been written down in English; however the original was recorded in Latin by ecclesiastical authorities and clerics.1 Since this section was written by clerics and was part of a trial, this piece would have been an unpublished piece; however this section has been gaining a lot of attention by historians, being hailed as "the most important record of heresy trials in the British Isles before the Reformation."2 The trial took place April 18, 1430, in the Lambeth Palace, Norwich. The judge is unknown, but is presumably the Bishop of Norwich, considering he and the archbishop would evaluate the proceedings. This was at a time
Salvador Dali - The Surrealist movement Surrealism has been apart of art for nearly a century, and is constantly growing with Leading surrealists such as Salvador Dali, René Magritte and the Modern likes of Glenn Brown. Inspiring the world with their ideas, thoughts and the different approach to the way in which we live. They are contestant source that people look to for inspiration, and provide the most talked about work in the world. The movement was criticised for the outrages suggestions and some what tasteless imagery. Even thought the movement became dominant in the 1920s and 30s. The art movement soon gave birth to Salvador Dali arguably the greatest surrealist in the world. At about the same time another well none French surrealist Yves Tanguy, began his career but sadly die aged 55. They both used dream like perceptions of space and dream inspired objects and symbols such as melting watches and weirdly shaped objects. The movement was first founded in 1924 in Paris by André Breton, and most of it followers had belong to the Dada movement who have been around 10 years before hand. The Dada movement (dada means a child's word for horse), they did not see them selves as painter but more as a political movement. Dada speaks with you, it is everything, it envelops everything, it belongs to every religion, can be neither victory or defeat, it lives in space and
Assess the influence and importance of dissidents in Brezhnev era Russia. Dissent, which may be defined as voiced or written disagreement with aspects of the Soviet regime, appeared in many forms during the years after Stalin's death. Literary dissent stimulated other forms of 'intellectual opposition', which continued to flourish during the 1960s and the 1970s, despite increased crackdowns. However, by the early 1980s the vast majority of dissidents were imprisoned, exiled or repressed into silence.1 In order to assess whether or not the dissident movement of the 'stagnation period' should be accounted a failure, it is necessary to first define the term 'dissident movement' and the aims and activities of those involved before considering what influence it had, what it achieved and whether it should be considered a failure. The three main types of dissent which existed during the 'stagnation period' were linked to religious, nationalist and humanitarian causes. The latter is often known as the 'human rights movement', or the 'democratic movement', and in this essay the term 'dissident movement' will apply to this group. The democratic movement was morally opposed to the regime's suppression of civil liberties and constitutional rights, and concerned with the lack of protection for the individual and their rights.2 Initially, the dissident movement of the 'stagnation
Post-modernism as a critique of Modernism Caroline Presbury By Modernism I mean the positive rejection of the past and the blind belief in the process of change, in novelty for its own sake, in the idea that progress through time equates with cultural progress; in the cult of individuality, originality and self-expression. Dan Cruickshank Post-modernity exists in the form of a desire to wipe out whatever came earlier, in the hope of reaching at least a point that could be called a true present, a point of origin that marks a new departure. Paul De Man Post-modernism is a movement of ideas arising from, but also critical of elements of modernism. Post-modernism is only understood after Modernism is explained as it opposes modernism, rejects it and progresses from it. Modernism began as a rejection of the old Victorian standards of how art should be made consumed and valued. It stems from the humanist ideals of rationality, reason, science and knowable self. Modernism held an emphasis on impressionism and subjectivity. It was interested in HOW seeing takes place rather than WHAT is perceived. It is a movement away from objectivity in narrative but rather looks at the immediacy of the here and now. The artist creates art from the self instead of telling an external story. Modernism blurred the distinctions between genres. It emphasises fragmented forms and randomness and
Frankie Earnshaw How does photography affect us? Photography can be used for many different purposes, it can change our opinion on how we think and feel. Newspapers, magazines, home photography, leaflets and posters all use photos in different ways. Newspapers use it to inform us and make us feel like we are there when looking at them. Magazines use photography to entice us to buy products and to show us images about famous people and their lives. Home photography is used to capture a happy moment so you can remember it and show others. Leaflets and posters are used to advertise and inform us about what they are trying to sell. All pictures are encoded with messages. When we look at pictures we de-code them without realising. Ever since you were young you have been taught to de-code messages. For example when you look at a picture of someone thin from Africa you associate it with being poor. I have looked at a photo taken by Heinz Kluetmeier. In the photo, four men are running a 400-metre championship. The photographer has very clearly achieved a sense of speed. Their feet are blurred which makes you recognise the speed at which they are moving and the determined expressions on the runner's faces clearly shows how they are pushing themselves to win. All pictures have signs, which signify something that we understand. I have studied a picture by Martin Parr.
Consider the various factors which make the current unequal distribution of food between developed and developing countries likely to improve and/or worsen. By Gareth Griffiths In the following essay the various factors involved in food inequality around the world such as food insecurity in developing countries and how the west controls most of the food distribution in these countries through trade. The reasons behind why there is enough food to go around yet it doesn't actually go around and also possible solutions to the problems posed by food inequality will also be discussed such as the fair trade promotion and the world food alliance. The problem of food inequality is not a new problem for developing countries, having been established within existing trade agreements set up by the western world, which Kruse wrote about in 1966 making the following statement- 'developing countries point out that the so-called terms of trade are constantly changing to their disadvantage and in favour of the industrialised countries; development aid--so it is argued--is being completely neutralised by this harmful trend' (Kruse, 1966, p.16) This statement shows that food inequality has been around for a long period of time and is not likely to disappear in the near future. The way in which trade exists between the west and developing countries is that the west decides the price and
Discuss the three imperial mosques designed by the architect Sinan in Istanbul. Sinan is without doubt the most famous Ottoman architect, and some even say he is the most famous architect in the entire Islamic world, though one thing is certain, and that is that Sinan was the key architect of his time. Sinan lived during the golden age of the Ottoman Empire, and was recruited as a boy from his birthplace in Greece as a soldier, and it was in the military that Sinan first began learning about architecture. During his lifetime, Sinan designed over one hundred buildings and was well known for placing his stamp on entire cities (Hillenbrand, 1999: 264), including the city that was the hub of the Ottoman Empire, Istanbul. In the 1540s Sinan received his first Sultanic commission from Suleyman I, who wished for a mosque and surrounding complex to be built in the memory of his eldest son, Sehzade Mehmed, who had recently passed away (Necipoglu, 2005: 191). This funerary complex was to be built around Sehzade Mehmed's existing mausoleum, which had been built in 1543, located between the main ceremonial avenue, named Divanyolu, and the Valens aqueduct (Necipoglu, 2005: 196). This location, in central Istanbul, was to become a key part of the glorious city skyline visible from the harbour it encompasses. This was an apprentice work of Sinan's, and though he used the concept of the