Assignment one

“Abuse is the violation of a human’s rights by any other person/persons. Abuse is can intentional, but sometimes abuse can happen because somebody does not know how to act correctly.”

There are 4 main types of abuse. These are:

  • Physical
  • Emotional
  • Sexual
  • Neglect

Physical Abuse:

“Physical abuse consists of anything one person does to another that causes physical pain”

Physical abuse consists of:

  • Slapping
  • Pinching
  • Punching
  • Pushing
  • Throwing objects at another person
  • Assaulting someone with an object

The indicators of physical abuse include:

  • Bruises
  • Black eyes
  • Knocked out teeth
  • Broken bones
  • Internal organ injuries
  • Brain concussions
  • Cuts
  • Underweight
  • Poor hygiene
  • Infections

The behavioural indicator for physical abuse consists of:

  • Withdrawal
  • Aggression
  • Hunger
  • Low self-esteem
  • Developmental delay
  • Reluctance to go home

Emotional abuse:

“Emotional abuse allows one person to gain power and control over another through words and gestures which gradually undermine the other’s self respect.”

Emotional abuse is more difficult to spot because it does not have as many physical aspects to it as physical abuse. However, the change in a person’s behaviour when they are being emotionally abused is very recognisable.

The behavioural indicator for emotional abuse consists of:

  • Blaming
  • Accusing
  • Yelling
  • Screaming
  • Making threats
  • Degrading insults
  • Destructive criticism
  • Sulking
  • Manipulation
  • Neglecting
  • Not listening
  • Withholding affection
  • Depression or Anxiety
  • Increased isolation from friends and family
  • Fearful or agitated behaviour
  • Lower self-esteem and self-confidence
  • Addiction to alcohol or drugs
  • Escapist behaviour

Sexual abuse:                                                                                                 “Sexual abuse is when a child or young person is pressurised, forced or tricked into taking part in any kind of sexual activity with an adult or young person.”                                                                                                      Sexual abuse consists of:

  • Kissing
  • Touching the young person's genitals/breasts
  • Intercourse
  • Oral sex

The indicators of sexual abuse include:

  • Oral cavity
  • Oral gonorrhoea
  • Period gonorrhoea
  • Syphilis
  • Bite marks
  • Bruises
  • Scratching
  • Scarring

The behavioural indicator for sexual abuse consists of:

  • Very affectionate
  • Inappropriate language for the child's age
  • Chronic itching/pain in the genitals/venereal diseases
  • Self-mutilation
  • Suicide attempts
  • Running away
  • Overdoses
  • Anorexia
  • Insecure/clinging
  • Reduce to younger behaviour
  • Isolated/withdrawn
  • Can’t concentrate
  • Lack of trust or fear of someone they know well
  • Become worried about clothing being removed
  • Suddenly drawing sexually explicit pictures
  • Overreacting to criticism
  • Depression
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Neglecting abuse:

“Neglect is when parents or carers (often intentionally) fail to provide food, warmth, safety from harm, or other basic needs for child/children.”

Neglecting abuse consists of:

  • fail to provide food
  • “     “     “ warmth
  • “     “     “ safety from harm
  • “     “     “ other basic needs

The indicators of neglecting abuse include:

  • Bad hygiene
  • ILL - tooth decay and scurvy
  • Cuts
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Frequency absent from school
  • Begs/steals food
  • Consistently dirty
  • Severe body odour

The behavioural indicator for ...

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