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# University Degree: Engineering

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1. ## Manufacturing processes for bicycle frame and golf club

The design of the modern frame can be seen in figure 1, with the names of the tubes labelled on the picture. Figure 1 - Diagram of modern bicycle frame with all parts named [2] 2.1 Materials Modern bicycle frames can be made from a variety of different materials depending on its application. Standard bicycle frames are usually made from some form of metal alloy such as steel, titanium or aluminium. Steel and titanium alloy frames are generally more popular due to their increased strength over aluminium giving them a longer life.

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2. ## a beautiful mind

It beautifully shows how he overcame Schizophrenia. It helps the viewers understand the disorder more and shows that one should not give up in any circumstance. In the beginning, John Nash married Jennifer Connelly and makes progress and advancement in the "game theory", which makes him an international well known mathematician. Soon after, John visited Parcher from CIA who wants to recruit him for code-breaking activities.

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3. ## Treatment of Headaches.

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4. ## wind tunnel

In a result, a large force occurs to the normal of the chord line and a small force parallel to it. The lift fore is defined as the force perpendicular to the direction of the external flow approaching that body. As the angle of attack increased the lift increases until the angle reaches to a point that the flow on the upper surface breaks away from the aerofoil. At this point the lift force decreases and the drag increases sharply.

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5. ## tensile test

% of Elongation .........equation 04 % of Reduction in area ... ...equation 05 Where, lb = length of the specimen at braking point Ab = minimum cross section area at braking point The below graphs are illustrating the difference between nominal stress and strain and true stress and strain. A - Limit of Proportionality The point beyond which Hooke's Law is no longer obeyed. The graph is linear up to this point, and begins the transition from elastic to plastic deformation above this.

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6. ## Fire engineering Brief of an office building in City centre

Removing all compartment walls on the seventh floor in where 2,520? of hall is provided; 2. Changing the intended use of the storey to assembly hall in where 2,000 seats are provided; 3. Removing all staircases, fireman lifts and passage life at the center of the floor just providing a staircase to entry/egress. For the change of the design, many areas are non-compliance with MoE. This report just focuses on the inadequate staircases providing for means of egress from the storey. The evacuation from the building will consider by another Performance-based design report. The fire engineering analysis will assess the following proposed alternative solutions: DTS provisions Non-compliance with DTS provisions New design situation Proposed Alternative solutions

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7. ## Prioritization of action to be taken after Sichuan earthquake

Another actions supporting and assisting the rescue was also important. 2.1.1 Emergency Rescue Rescue is the most important action. President Hu Jintao announced that the disaster response would be rapid. Just 90 minutes after the earthquake, he flew to the earthquake area to oversee the rescue work. Wen held an emergency meeting said that "We must try our best to open up roads to the epicenter and rescue people trapped in the disaster-hit areas." Therefore, China's Chengdu Military Area Command has dispatched 5,000 troops and armed police to help with disaster relief work in earthquake-stricken Wenchuan County, in the southwestern Sichuan Province on 12 May.

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8. ## MATLAB is one of the most popular computer languages for technical and scientific programming, in this report MATLAB is been viewed as a simulation instrument in the signal processing field

In addition, adaptive modulation allows the system to overcome fading and other interference. Both QAM and QPSK are modulation techniques used in IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi*), IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX*) and 3G (WCDMA/HSDPA) wireless technologies. The modulated signals are then demodulated at the receiver where the original digital message can be recovered. The use of adaptive modulation allows wireless technologies to optimize throughput, yielding higher throughputs while also covering long distances. In order to build such a model different variables and parameters are created to manage the signal power and bandwidth, to simulate this model exactly like a real time system, its required to change parameters each time a run is made to analyze results for each condition matching real life requirements.

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9. ## ABIOLA Well wetted colum

Main Conclusion From the experimental results and calculations, the following conclusions can be made: * In the laminar column , as the air flow rate increases, the mass transfer coefficient also increases while in turbulent column , as flow rate increases, the mass transfer coefficient was not stable . * For a given air flow in a wetted wall column with a smaller diameter, more turbulent flow occur compared to a column with a bigger diameter. The smaller the diameter and surface area of the column, the greater the Reynolds number and subsequently the increase in the mass transfer coefficient.

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10. ## Chlor Alkali

2NaCl + 2H20 ---electrolysis--->2NaOH (aq) + H2 (g) + Cl2 (g) Sodium Chloride + water ---electrolysis---> Sodium hydroxide + Hydrogen + Chlorine For the Chlor-alkali process to work brine water is used to purify the sodium chloride. The Chlor-alkali process uses the flowing mercury cell to achieve its objective. Below is a diagram which shows how the cell membrane and the flowing mercury achieve the Chlor-alkali process by separating the sodium chloride and water into different chambers and are filtered out.

• Word count: 1969
11. ## litmus paper,purfication of a solvent, synthesis of the vat dye indigo, aspirin

Red and blue litmus paper become purple under alkaline conditions therefore it turns neutral. Activity 3 - Purification of a Solvent Objective To purify a sample of water which is contaminated wit two soluble impurities: sodium hydroxide and a purple dye and one insoluble impurity: charcoal. Furthermore, to demonstrate that each of the impurities has been removed. In addition to collecting labeling and submitting a 10cm3 sample of the purified water for assessment. Safety To reduce the risk caused by the chemicals I used appropriate PPE (personal protective equipment)

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12. ## Health safety and the environment report feyzin

LPG is a by-product of the distillation of oil from crude oil. When the distillate is put under pressure its physical state changes into a liquid. It is in this form that LPG is transported around in cylinder tanks. Because of the relatively short life span of the site prior to the incident, the cascade of events may be relatively short and that major issues will have risen during both the design and construction of the site. We can assume now that the plant was between its 1st and 2nd year of operation.

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13. ## Voice Encryption using RSA Algorithm

Acknowledgements In the name of ALLAH, the most merciful and most beneficent. With all due praise for the sovereign power of this universe, the Almighty ALLAH who has helped us broaden the horizons of our knowledge, gave us strength to produce this work and has furnished our mind with knowledge. We are highly indebted to Dr Hassan Ahmed, HoD Electrical Engineering, CIIT Islamabad, who provided us an opportunity to work for industry and see the facets of practical life. We must thank Mr.

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14. ## HDTV - High Definition Television

and set up, through a series of subjective tests, the optimal visual condition of a HDTV screen. This analysis has fixed for the first time the characteristics of HDTV: 1125 lines; 2:1 interlace ratio; field rate 60 Hz; aspect ratio 5:3. Japanese industry has then implemented all the necessary professional equipment and in 1979 NHK started its experiments of transmission of HDTV via DBS (Direct Broadcast Satellite). The evolution of this work has led to the MUSE (Multiple Sub-Nyquist Sampling Encoding) i.e. the Japanese proposal for HDTV [2]. In Europe, the evolution towards HDTV has been quite different.

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15. ## Mobile TV

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16. ## innovation engineering in UK

[3] Radical versus incremental innovation Innovation can take place in an incremental or radical manner. Radical innovation is the introduction of a completely new product to the market, while incremental innovation is the improvement or adaptation of an existing product, or imitating a competitor's product. [4] However in reality this distinction is blurred, with five different sub-classifications being found by Garcia and Calantone, in-between radical and incremental. [5] Radical was redefined as being a product or service which is new to the market, which creates a demand not previously recognised by the customer. (e.g. the World Wide Web)

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17. ## Materials - investigation

The load is then applied for 15 seconds. The diameter of the indentation left in the excavator is measured with a microscope. The Brinell harness number is calculated by the formula stated below. Where * F = load of the steel excavator * D = the diameter of the sphere shaped indenter * Di = diameter of indentation * ? = constant Tensile test. This test allows us to measure the ductility of the steel excavator. For this test we need to again extract a long piece of the steel excavator shovel bucket and use the method shown below and the percent elongation and reduction area are calculated on the next page.

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18. ## Computer generations

* Jack Kilby 1958 Texas Instruments * IBM System 360 (1964) and S/370 (1972) family of computers. * Cemented IBM's dominant market position * Smaller still, more powerful Fourth Generation and Beyond * Microprocessor Intel 4004 1971 * Personal computers -Altair, Apple, Spectrum * 1981 - IBM PC+its clones & workstations * Computer networks & distributed computing * hand-held & mobile devices - phones, PDAs, small computers etc History of computing is divided into different stages or succeeding generations of hardware.

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19. ## An Analysis of the Business Strategy of Diversification; Using Empirical Financial Data

Note: This paper is written in accordance with the Academy of Management call for submissions under their Business Policy and Strategy (BPS) division. The topics covered by this division includes, "strategy formulation and implementation" and well as "diversification and portfolio strategies". "Make winners out of every business in your company. Don't carry losers" - Jack Welsh INTRODUCTION: The question of diversification is often a critical business strategy consideration for companies. The authors of the book, Crafting and Executing Strategy, offer the following conditions for when a company becomes a candidate for diversification: 1.

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20. ## Electronics - Designing Filter Circuits

A passive filter is a type of electronic filter that is made only from passive elements - in contrast to an active filter; it does not require an external power source (beyond the signal). Since most filters are linear, in most cases, passive filters are composed of just the four basic linear elements and they are: * Resistors - A device used to control current in an electric circuit by providing resistance * Capacitors - An electric circuit element used to store charge temporarily, consisting in general of two metallic plates separated and insulated from each other by a dielectric

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21. ## Fluid Mechanic

lead to same conclusion Background Theory First Experiment: The Venturi Applying the Bernoulli equation between points 1 and 2 in Figure 1 (page 8) gives: (1 is static pressure in Newton's per meter squared is density in kilograms per meter cubed is velocity in meters per second is gravitational acceleration in meters per second squared is height in meters If the datum is taken as the venturi pipe centreline then z1 = z2 = 0. Substituting this into equation 1 and re-arranging: (2 To understand mass flow rate of a fluid we will consider a stream tube, where mass entering

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22. ## Thermodynamics

The equation of Clausius-Clapeyron is integrated to give the equation below assuming that Vg >> Vf. The derivation of the second equation is done by integrating the first equation: * The derivation of the second equation is as follows: Equipment used in the experiment: * Pressure vessel - Contains the water which is being heated * Safety valve - Is used to control water and gas * Mercury thermometer - used to measure the temperature in 0C * Pressure gauge - used to measure pressure * Bunsen burner - heat the water in the vessel to increase the pressure to

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23. ## Building Services Engineering

The safest way to transport natural gas is through pipelines made of steel, however most distribution lines from the main line to the customer have been made out of plastic since the 1980's as they are easy to lay and do not corrode. http://www.safetyservicescompany.com Pressure As natural; gas is compressed for storage and transportation, its relative pressure increases. The systems used to supply gas to the end user must be completely sealed with additional safety measure built in to accommodate for these pressure changes.

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24. ## Introduction to the M16C Microcontroller

For the second part of the lab I used a small printed circuit board featuring a M16C microprocessor along with some basic outputs. The board incorporates the following main features: 4 push to make input buttons, 2 seven segment displays, a potentiometer combined with an analogue to digital converter, a serial connector for communication with a PC, power connectors and crystals to create clock signals for the processor. In this lab only the 7 segment displays are of importance, the pre-written test program provided uses the input/output ports to make the second display count from 0 to 9 repeatedly.

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25. ## TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS(TM 1)

This is because they are equally precise and give temperature readings that fall within the same range. During the experiment, certain factors had to be taken into consideration when using the RTD's and thermocouples. Firstly, the temperature measurements by the RTD had a small error of 0.01�C.this error was caused by the introduction of a small protection sheath which was around the RTD. This error is inherent with the RTD and is hard to avoid as a protection sheath is necessary.

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