• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Illustrating your answer from a minimum of 3 of the essays you have studied, discuss the various ways in which Benito Jeronimo Feijo can be said to have fathered a new approach to intellectual debate in the eighteenth century in Spain.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Illustrating your answer from a minimum of 3 of the essays you have studied, discuss the various ways in which Feij�o can be said to have fathered a new approach to intellectual debate in the eighteenth century in Spain. Benito Jeronimo Feij�o, born on the 8th October 16761, was an immensely talented individual who is now revered "por su propio m�rito"2, something that would have pleasured him greatly had he still been alive today. A learned Benedictine monk, "aware of his context"3, sought for the truth to the extent that "el descuido de Espa�a me duele"4. Being a cultured, intelligent, reflective individual gave him a mentality open to new ideas, thus he stood apart from the superstitious Spain he inhabited. His forward thinking is confirmed by the fact he thought alike to people "un siglo despu�s"5, showing his enlightened set of values. Accordingly, he set about disqualifying much of what was deemed common knowledge. The quest for intellectual debate, is comparable to Feij�o's thirst for enlightened ideas. This is displayed in his willingness for change, particularly important as it was a period in which Spain was missing the rapid development and modernisation occurring across the rest of Europe. An obstacle to debate was the masses Feij�o named "el vulgo"6, the group of uneducated "mental sheep"7, ready to adhere to authority, not able to think for themselves. ...read more.

Middle

Similarly, intellectual debate would previously be confined to religious people and other established members of society, but Feij�o wrote for the masses. He appreciated that change needed to come from the bottom strata of society as well as the higher social classes. His writing style, in terms of the wider audience and the conversational manner, is another way in which he fathered intellectual debate and is something that shall be examined later in the essay. Another new approach to debate, is the simplicity of the examples to consolidate knowledge claims. By using simple examples Feij�o is able to engage a wider strata of audience. For example, in Voz del pueblo, when discussing the complexity of knowledge and how often it is invalid, Feij�o gives the simple example of a square and how "solo de un modo"35 can a square be a square. In this way, the reader is able to realise the misconception that all believed knowledge is true, as it is easier to be wrong. Deconstructing misconceptions is one way to spur debate, giving simple and concise evidence to support claims, entices the reader to engage with and understand the issue. What's more the vast quantity of examples given, be it of the natural world or the secular, expresses his point in a different ways, thus the reader has more chance of understanding the concept. ...read more.

Conclusion

The ideas he discussed were not all his own, but the manner in which he brought them to the public eye was and shows Feij�o's new approach to debate. Bibliography Copy of text: "Teatro cr�tico universal" electronic copy: http://www.filosofia.org/bjf/bjft000.htm Works cited: Benito Jer�nimo Feij�o Ivy Lilian McClelland Twayne Publishers inc. New York. 1969 Benito Feij�o, Medical Disenchanter of Spain Richard G. Anderson Oxford Journals http://jhmas.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/55/1/67.pdf La educaci�n en la Espa�a moderna (siglos xvi-xviii) Volume 2 of Historia de la educaci�n en Espa�a y Am�rica Quint�n Aldea Vaquero Ediciones Morata 1993 El padre Feij�o y su siglo A collection of essays with various authors Universidad de Oviedo 1966 Feij�o y el descuido de Espa�a Francisco Eguiagaray www.cepc.es/rap/Publicaciones/Revistas/2/REP_125_203.pdf El Padre Feijoo y la filosof�a de la cultura de su �poca Francisco Eguiagaray Bohicas Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Pol�ticos, 1964 Feij�o y su papel de desenga�ador de las espa�as Juan L�pez Marichal Nueva Revista de Filolog�a Hisp�nica, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1951), pp. 313-323 Published by: El Colegio De Mexico http://www.jstor.org/stable/40296702 La Ilustraci�n en la Nueva Espa�a. Notas para su Estudio Ernesto de la Torre Villar Revista de Historia de Am�rica, No. 87 (Jan. - Jun., 1979), pp. 37-63 Pan American Institute of Geography and History http://www.jstor.org/stable/20139311 Early Enlightenment and the Spanish World Phillip Deacon Eighteenth-Century Studies 37.1 (2003) http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/eighteenth-century_studies/v037/37.1deacon. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Spanish section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Spanish essays

  1. El Santo: Un mito construido en la cultura de masas

    4). En las arenas se escucha el clamor de "todos somos Santo", ante la necesidad de proyectase ante una figura positiva El fen�meno de el Enmascarado de Plata como h�roe y como mito forma parte de las manifestaciones de la cultura de masas contempor�nea, pero sobre todo de nuestra

  2. En este documento de apoyo a la docencia se presentan casos y ejercicios, algunos ...

    Tambi�n agreg� una nueva alternativa, de envasar en la capital. Las botellas vac�as se produc�an en la capital, teniendo que ser fletadas al fundo pagando $1800 por cada 600 docenas. En el viaje hab�a mermas por quebraz�n de un 1%.

  1. "Jorge Manrique's Coplas are paradoxically both ground breaking and traditional in form and content". ...

    This structure used by Manrique is an early example of the structure of more contemporary poetry that we see today. Each of these stanzas is made up of 12 lines with 8 syllables to each line, the way he writes each line is the same as the traditional Middle Age poetry and the same syllable counting method is used.

  2. La crisis economica en Mexico y los ciclos largos de Kondratieff

    3.33 2007 Crecimiento, Inflaci�n 3.76%, Inicia sexenio de FCH 8,928.627 1.35 2008 Crisis Mundial, baja el petr�leo, sube Inflaci�n a 6.53%, 2009 2010 PIB base 2003 PIB % A�O Observaciones Fuente: Banco de Informaci�n Econ�mica del INEGI Autor de la tabla: Ing.

  1. El presente documento constituye un estudio descriptivo del mercado de bebidas sin alcohol en ...

    EMBOTELLADORA DEL URUGUAY (EUSA) La empresa realizaba el embotellado y la venta de los productos de la l�nea Pepsi Cola, Paso de los Toros y del agua mineralizada Villa del Este. Comenz� siendo una empresa de capitales 100% americanos, situaci�n que ha variado en los �ltimos a�os.

  2. "Ode On Indolece" by John Keats

    The first was a fair maid, and Love her name; The second was Ambition, pale of cheek, And ever watchful with fatigued eye; The last, whom I love more, the more of blame Is heap'd upon her, maiden most unmeek,--- I knew to be my demon Poesy.

  1. The Huchback in the park by Dylan Thomas

    Tambi�n se imaginan como marines en el mar. Esa imaginaci�n infantil, y la viveza que tienen estos ni�os y la energ�a que desprenden contrastan con las otras personas que est�n en el parque: "nurses, swans and the old dog sleeper" La sexta estrofa nos descubre que el jorobado tambi�n tiene una imaginaci�n viva: se imagina su mujer idea ("figure without fault")

  2. Discuss the lexical relations between Spanish and Catalan

    General Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1929).19 In terms of Spanish, the language considered is Castilian. The Castilian language saw its great expansion during the Reconquest, with its speakers moving further south. From the start of the sixteenth century Castilian became the language of writing and religion for the most part of the Peninsula.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work