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University Degree: Other Languages

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  1. The character of the Cardinal in The Dutchess of Malfi. Though the character of the Cardinal has been vividly sketched out by Webster, but there is one weak point in his characterization. It is that his motivation for his savagely ill-treating his sister

    The reality that he is a dark intriguer who keeps an army of spies and shady characters as his tools is known only to his intimate acquaintances. Delio talks of what people say about the Cardinal: "He's a brave fellow Will play his five thousand crowns at tennis, dance, Court ladies, and one that hath fought single combats." All these delineate a fully self-centered and sensuous person, who will indulge into any base and inhuman activity to attain his selfish aims.

    • Word count: 1742
  2. Elizabethan theatre

    The 'Theatre' was built in a similar style to the Roman coliseum, but on a smaller scale. It was based on the style of the Greek and Roman open-air amphitheatres. So this was the shape of Burbage's "Theatre" which had been erected by him on the model of animal-baiting arenas. Thus we observe, at this stage however, that the Elizabethan Theatre was more akin to a circus than to a playhouse with which we are familiar. The Elizabethan amphitheatre was designed to hold the capacity of 3000 people. Similar amphitheatres were built to house blood sports, such as bear beating in the 'Bear Garden' and bull beating in the 'Bull Ring'.

    • Word count: 1923
  3. Britten prefaces his War Requiem by quoting Wilfred Owen`s preface to his War Poems : My subject is War and the pity of War. The poetry is in the Pity. All a poet can do today is warn. How does this apply to the War Requiem?

    Britten chose his poems deliberately and unlike other writers of his time, he did not glorify the Queen's army, but he pointed at the worst tragedies and disasters that resulted from the War. Britten didn't even try to correct those acts, but rather pictured them in the most realistic possible way (those were in their content so horrific that he could not find a more tragic hyperbole). The feeling I shared when reading the War Requiem is exactly the one the one full of pity, sadness and desperation.

    • Word count: 958
  4. Cybercrime dalam korporat. Tidak selamanya suatu perubahan yang besar selalu membawa dampak positif karena seiring dengan berjalannya era globalisasi dan kemajuan teknologi,

    Internet membawa kita kepada ruang atau dunia baru yang tercipta yang dinamakan Cyberspace. Cyberspace merupakan tempat kita berada ketika kita mengarungi dunia informasi global interaktif yang bernama Internet. Cyberspace menampilkan realitas, tetapi bukan realitas yang nyata sebagaimana bisa kita lihat, melainkan realitas virtual, dunia maya, dunia tanpa batas. Inilah sebenarnya yang dimaksud dengan borderless world, karena memang dalam cyberspace tidak mengenal batas negara dan penghuni - penghuninya dapat berhubungan dengan siapa saja dan dimana saja. Dari sekian banyak aktivitas yang ada dalam cyberspace, yang paling mendapat perhatian adalah perbuatan yang dilakukan oleh para cracker.

    • Word count: 6207
  5. Can translation be considered as a social and discursive process in which equivalence is negotiated between the two cultures?

    If translation is in fact a social and discursive process, then attention must be paid to the key actors involved in any translational course of action. Since by this idea of translation as a social and discursive process, it is assumed that a translation is negotiated, produced and subsequently used by more than one party; it is vital to identify each of these clearly so that a translation method can be outlined. With a number of people involved, the production of a translation can be a potentially complicated issue.

    • Word count: 2668
  6. Alfred Harmsworth

    His interest in the publication of newspapers starting in 1894. The Evening News was almost in bankruptcy when it was purchased by Harmsworth. With some modifications in terms of presentation, the newspaper said it had now reached the 394.447 sales. With all this success Harmsworth decided to publish a new journal based on the type of newspaper published in the United States. Thus arises the May 4, 1896 the Daily Mail. The Daily Mail was the first newspaper in the UK for a new type of readers, a type of players that needed something simpler, smaller and more readable than what had previously been available.

    • Word count: 1009
  7. Compare and Contrast; The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz to Defend and Betray

    Anne Perry is the noted author for the series starring Detective William Monk. She was born in England in October 1938. She started to write the Monk series in 1990 and published Defend and Betray in 1993 ( Davis). She now lives in London, England where she continues to write. The archetype, the quest of the protagonist can be found in both of the novels. In, The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz, the protagonist, Duddy Kravitz, has reached one goal in life, to own land. " I'm gonna get me some of this land one of these days.

    • Word count: 1797
  8. The Great Expectations Of Feminine Archtypes

    These four women helped Pip come to the realization that life is not all about being a gentlemen or have a lot of money. Using these archetypes, it is evident in Great Expectations that when a man comes to a choice, the female influence is a factor when he chooses what road he would want to pursue. A female has her way of showing her predominance on how that dream is to unravel. In the opening chapters, the character of Mrs. Joe is introduced. After Pip is orphaned, he is taken in by his older sister whom he calls Mrs.

    • Word count: 2208
  9. The Tale of Two Women

    For her safety, she is sent out of the Europe due to the invasion of n**i Germany. She boards the St. Louis on its way to Cuba but is denied entry and is forced to stay in a refugee camp in Quebec. There, she meets Anton and successfully seduces, marries and moves to America with him. Although, Sophie was safe from, the Holocaust, she was cast into a marriage that was based on silence. She never spoke of the loss of her family, and eventually opened up to Anton after her affair with an Italian, Stefano. Anton and Sophie's relationship carries on throughout the novel but it has its share of obstacles, from their constant silences, Anton's memories from the burned Hiroshima, and Sophie's contraction of lupus.

    • Word count: 2478
  10. Gilgamesh, a modern day hero?

    Even such a mighty beast as Humbaba is no match for Gilgamesh's potent strength. When his friend Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh exhibits true bravery by boldly entering the world of Gods in search of answers about life and death. Without worrying about the consequences of his choices, Gilgamesh always fights for what he believes in. He will do whatever it takes to fix a problem; he goes for the impossible and makes it possible. "No man born of woman has done what you have asked, no mortal man has gone into the mountains; the length of it is twelve leagues of darkness; in it is no light, but the heart is oppressed with darkness.

    • Word count: 745
  11. Changing the Environment

    The World Health Organization project tens of millions more cases of malaria and other infectious diseases. "The spread of infectious diseases will be the most important public health problem related to climate change," states Jonathan Patz, a John Hopkins microbiologist who is working on the issue at the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (Stone). Dr. Paul Epstein of the Harvard Medical School says, "If tropical weather is expanding, it means that tropical diseases will expand. We're seeing malaria in Houston, Texas" (Allen). While insects are reproducing, carrying these diseases, three-fourths of all birds species are decreasing (State of the World).

    • Word count: 2611
  12. Gilgamesh v. Monkey

    It immediately attracts the attention of the divine forces of intelligence, called Thousand-League-Eye and Wind-Knowing-Ears" (Study). In both the story of Gilgamesh and the story of Monkey, each hero travels on a journey that could be known as a journey of life. It is appealing to note that both characters begin their journey by demonstrating the 'bad' side of their particular character. Both heroes initially oppress their followers, but as they travel this life journey they both develop into superheroes that help their people rather than oppress them. Both characters are also seeking fortune and salvation on their journeys, yet the tone of both stories could not be more different.

    • Word count: 1002
  13. The Yellow Wallpaper Physcological Analysis

    She stares at the pattern on the wallpaper and watches as the lines suddenly commit suicide. Inconspicuously not only is the wallpaper the problem, but the constant state of control everyone she in, medicine dispensed at a certain time, visits from her husband, even the room she is in. The gates over the windows and by the doors only make her feel more like a prisoner. Any person in their right mind would feel a state of seclusion and lose self-awareness. The constant supervision and attention that a child would get can confuse a woman.

    • Word count: 540
  14. Discuss the theme of alienation in Shakespeare(TM)s King Lear and in Marlowe(TM)s The Jew of Malta.

    However, her alienation is more than just being exiled since Kent too is exiled. In fact, Cordelia's alienation lies more in the way she thinks. It is her way of thinking which alienates her from her father whom she greatly loves. Cordelia finds that she is unable to show her love with mere words and says in an aside, "What shall Cordelia do? Love, and be / silent"4. Cordelia's nature is such that she is unable to engage in even so forgivable a deception as to satisfy an old king's vanity and pride as she says in another aside, "Then poor Cordelia!

    • Word count: 3463
  15. Explore the symbolism present in Kate Chopin(TM)s The Awakening and in Charlotte Gilman Perkins(TM) The Yellow Wallpaper'

    In other words, marriage here symbolise an ideological prison that subjects and silences women. At the beginning of the novel, Edna exists in a sort of semi-conscious state. She is comfortable in her marriage to L´┐Żonce, her husband, and is unaware of her own feelings and ambitions. However, later on, she sees her marriage as the end to her life of passion and the beginning of a life of responsibility. This very marriage prevents her awakening and her emancipation. It is only by breaking away from the shackles of marriage that it becomes possible for her to acquire her own sense of individuality.

    • Word count: 3640
  16. Analyse the poem, "A Work of Artifice", using strategies/tools of feminist criticism.

    Thus, it shall be interesting to analyse the poem in the light of feminist criticism. To begin with, the feminist response to culture that has coalesced in the last half of the twentieth century, recognizes a deeply ingrained prejudice against women. Sometimes, borrowing from both Marxist and Structuralist methodology, feminist critics have explored a pervasive binary opposition built around gender which subordinates women to objects by which the power and value of all that is male is affirmed. This cultural web of power and privilege is the patriarchy.

    • Word count: 3261
  17. a close shave

    I picked up my cell phone to call my mum as I did on most days after work. We chatted for a few minutes and then ended our conversation. I turned on the engine and turned right out of the parking lot, than drove off to the next stop sign. While looking both ways I noticed a white van which was still in the far distance so I took the left turn. As I turned I was faced with a truck, which turned out to be a commercial truck. All I remember hearing was the crashing of mashing metal.

    • Word count: 560
  18. Home Burial

    When he asks why a man cannot speak of his "lost" child, she counters first by saying "Not you!" and then by doubting that any man can. She abruptly announces that she must get some air. He tells her not to take her grief to "someone else this time," sits so as not to seem domineering, and, calling her "dear," says he wishes to ask her something. When she replies that he does not know how to ask, he requests her "help," grows bitter at her silence, and generalizes: Men must give up some manliness when married, and further, two who love should to be able to discuss anything.

    • Word count: 1450
  19. Mending Wall

    For example, Frost's lines "they have left not one stone on a stone,/ But they would have the rabbit out of hiding" could be clarified as "they would not leave a single stone on top of another if they were trying to drive a rabbit out of hiding." In addition to using New England idiom, Frost enhances the informal, conversational manner of "Mending Wall" by casting it in continuous form. That is, rather than dividing the poem into stanzas or other formal sections, Frost presents an unbroken sequence of lines.

    • Word count: 1476
  20. creative story

    Chris then forced us to leave. He is from my country but I hadn't met all my country-mates so I didn't know him. After that conversation, we left, thinking of going back the next night for the party. Leaving the parking lot of that unknown house, I had decided that Chris was cute; and despite the fact he wanted us to leave, very nice. His green eyes, thin body, brown hair, and sweet smile attracted me to him in an instant. There was only one obstacle in the idea of any kind of a relationship.

    • Word count: 3138
  21. Beloved - Escaping from the Past in Unity

    Her back a little too straight?" (Morisson, 152). These questions foreshadowed how, as long as "124" continued to be prideful, the community would keep their support withdrawn from the family that lived within. As a result, Baby Suggs, Sethe and the rest of the family were left to deal with their trials alone. Hence, Baby, who at one time found her strength in the community, lost that sense of belonging. Her strength then died leading to her giving up the fight.

    • Word count: 2839
  22. Define the grammatical function hierarchy, and discuss any evidence that motivates it.

    recognise which is definable over the sentence structures of a language, regardless of the extent to which it is important for the grammatical principles of that language.1 The notion of a grammatical function hierarchy (also referred to as the agreement hierarchy, and both names will be used in this paper) therefore deserves further exploration, along with any evidence that might motivate it. Andrews first attempts to define various types of grammatical function, using the terms core, oblique, and external. In his view, these constitute successive layers of clause structure and therefore provide the foundations for the grammatical function hierarchy.

    • Word count: 1738
  23. Many approaches to translation have started out from the idea that there are 'translation equivalents' which can be identified between languages. Is the notion of translation equivalent a useful one? In what ways is it problematic?

    His retort to the company that had asked for the translation was that they had asked for the document to be translated into English, not into American. Such distinctions, then, even what might be perceived like this one to be 'small' distinctions, therefore clearly hold some importance. The above rather suggests that an equivalence of intent is important (i.e. both parties understanding everything involved in the translation, including purpose, intent and impetus) as well as a linguistic equivalence. However, even the aim of the translator - to produce a text that at least roughly conveys the meaning of the original

    • Word count: 1971
  24. Jakobson proposed a three-way distinction between intralingual, interlingual and intersemiotic translation. How does this broader framework inform our understanding of 'translation proper'?

    He outlines these three systems by giving them quite distinctive names: interlingual, intralingual, and intersemiotic translation. Intralingual translation (translation within a language, or rewording) poses a problem straight away in that synonymy is by definition not completely equivalent, as a synonym often only partly expresses what is meant originally and may not apply in all cases. Equally, Jakobson acknowledges that even in interlingual translation total equivalence is largely impossible, even with a larger pool of words from which one can choose.

    • Word count: 1945
  25. Explain what is meant by the terms 'domestication' and 'foreignisation' in translation theory.

    Foreignisation can also serve to make the translator more 'visible' by highlighting the foreign identity of the source text and protecting it from the ideological dominance of the target culture, which is one of Venuti's concerns, and this could be read as a positive or negative consequence of the approach (just as could the consequence of domestication on the visibility or invisibility of the translator, whereby translation should have such a fluent, transparent and 'invisible' style that the target text's foreignness is minimised).

    • Word count: 2272

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