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An Analysis of Nietzsches On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense

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Introduction

(Name of Student) (Name of Instructor) (Course Title) (Date of Submission) An Analysis of Nietzsche's On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense Friedrich Nietzsche's On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense represents a deconstruction of the modern epistemological project. Instead of seeking for truth, he suggests that the ultimate truth is that we have to live without such truth, and without a sense of longing for that truth. This revolutionary work of his is divided into two main sections. The first part deals with the question on what is truth? Here he discusses the implication of language to our acquisition of knowledge. The second part deals with the dual nature of man, i.e. the rational and the intuitive. He establishes that neither rational nor intuitive man is ever successful in their pursuit of knowledge due to our illusion of truth. Therefore, Nietzsche concludes that all we can claim to know are interpretations of truth and not truth itself. Analysis In the first part of his work, Nietzsche asserts that: "The pride connected with knowing and sensing lies like a blinding fog over the eyes and senses of men, thus deceiving them concerning the value of existence" (Nietzsche 451-452). Here, it seems that Nietzsche is trying to reject any empirical sense of gaining knowledge. ...read more.

Middle

Simply put, our knowledge is designated by language, which is in turn characterized by metaphors. Metaphors do not provide us with ultimate knowledge for we gain knowledge of things as we conceptualize it only in relation to something else. Therefore, we know believe to know that we know something but in reality, it is only an illusion. So what becomes of truth? Here, Nietzsche establishes his position: What then is truth? A movable host of metaphors, metonymies, and anthropomorphisms: in short, a sum of human relations which have been poetically and rhetorically intensified, transferred, and embellished, and which, after long usage, seem to a people to be fixed, canonical, and binding. Truths are illusions which we have forgotten are illusions; they are metaphors that have become worn out and have been drained of sensuous force, coins which have lost their embossing and are now considered as metal and no longer as coins (Nietzsche 455). What does this imply? It simply implies on fact of life for human beings - that the truth is, we can never know the truth. Hence, Nietzsche concludes that if one ought to be truthful, then ironically, one ought to lie, based on general consensus. For, truth is nothing more than a product of anthropomorphism. ...read more.

Conclusion

He does not subscribe to any form of abstraction, nor does he considers himself as part of society, for society cannot accept reality as it is. Conclusion It is easy to ignore what one makes no effort to understand. Nietzsche, in this work of his, indeed showed the most neglected aspect of reality, i.e. truth. We always believe that we know something when it fact, we never ask ourselves why we know it. We tend to take for granted what counts the most in this world, that is, knowing ourselves. Human beings think that knowledge of things will lead them to enlightenment. But in reality, it is nothing but an illusion made by man himself to create a kind of path towards success. Those who follow this path will get nowhere close to success, rather, they bring upon suffering along the way, pulling us farther from ourselves. Thus, if only we were aware of this deceptive nature of language and metaphor to that of knowledge, we would come to understand that truth indeed is nothing but a man-made word and is therefore a mere figment of our imagination. The facts do not count, only our interpretations of them. So it seems that Reality then isn't so far from our dreams, perhaps it's really the other way around. ...read more.

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