• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Discuss the aims of the Congress of Vienna and the Consequences it had on the Major Powers of Europe".

Extracts from this document...


"Discuss the aims of the Congress of Vienna and the Consequences it had on the Major Powers of Europe". For my essay, I will be answering the question "Discuss the Congress of Vienna and its consequences on the Major Powers of Europe". In order to answer this question, I will discuss in detail what the Congress of Vienna was, why it was assembled and what it hoped to achieve. I will look at the consequences and effects that it had on the countries involved, including the countries representatives. I will also discuss whether the Vienna Congress was successful or if it failed. The Napoleonic Empire had been dominating Europe between 1804-1814 and had created a new political map of Europe. Napoleon Bonaparte, the French Emperor, had conquered most of Europe implying his laws and rules on all Europeans causing chaos throughout Europe. Finally in 1814 he was defeated by the European countries, which then had the complex task of rearranging Europe. They decided to do this in an effectively and orderly way that would stabilise and secure the countries that had been disturbed. The victorious countries gathered in Vienna, Austria, between 1st October 1814 till 9th June 1815 to discuss what was to happen to France and the rest of the European countries. ...read more.


Britain achieved what it wanted at the Congress of Vienna. England did not get mainland territory but got the colonies overseas that they wanted. Britain also kept her French colonies and lands such as st Lucia and cape colony from Holland. Britain was very successful at the congress of Vienna as the agreements allowed Britain's economy to strengthen and by having colonies overseas that produced cheap cotton and sugar, helped to develop British industrialization. Britain also used the colonies for navy purposes and so Britain was affected in a positive way and was left in a strong position at the congress. Prince Metterich, the Austrian Statesman and Diplomat represented Austria. He wanted to stop the expansion of France, Russia and Prussia, for instance stopping Prussia getting Saxony and blocking Russians plan to annex Poland. He did not want revolutions occurring all over Europe, as he was a man who disliked these new changes that were happening throughout Europe. Metternich being a conservative and old fashioned, wanted the monarchy restored such as Louis xv111 of France. Metternich pressed for land in Italy and wanted equilibrium, which means equal power to every country as Austria had no great power, and constantly felt threatened by Russia from the east and France from the west (kileenroos.com). ...read more.


Leaders like Metternich who had ignored the changes that were happening, had not thought about the consequences and how it could affect the European countries in the long term. By suppressing movements like nationalism and liberalism, the congress of Vienna, which had been established to bring peace to Europe, had in fact brought only revolutions and conflicts between the countries. In1914 when Germany started the war the balance of power had been destroyed and proved the end of the Vienna agreements. For this essay the Congress of Vienna and its aims have been explained. What the congress wanted to achieve and how it affected the countries involved have also been looked at. I have discussed in detail what affect it had on Britain and Austria and the aftermath of the congress and how it retained peace throughout Europe. The consequences of the congress and how it failed to achieve what it set out to do, and the problems of it have also been looked at and what happen in the long term. The Congress of Vienna was a successful event, but I feel that the countries involved should have looked in to the changes that were happening at the time. By forcing many countries and nations in to following the old regime had just made the countries fight even harder to change Europe. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1800-1899 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1800-1899 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did British agriculture decline after 1870?

    4 star(s)

    the Education Acts after 1870 had further detrimental effects on British agriculture. By restricting the employment of children and removing them from the fields and placing them in classrooms the demand for labour was increased even more. Furthermore, adult workers demanded higher wages than children thus the wages, already high due to urban migration, were even higher.

  2. Comparing economic change in Britain and China from 1760 to 1914

    Jones (1988) claimed that the well-defined property right provided by government and institutions produced proper "incentives and resources allocations". McCloskey (1975) mentioned that the improvement of productivity was also directly urged by Parliamentary Acts "via institutional innovation." As a consequence, by those measures "the productivity growth in agriculture [in Britain] was faster than elsewhere in the economy (Wrigley 1985)."

  1. 'It has been claimed that Britains financial institutions were too oriented towards overseas investment ...

    term credits,partly because of the centralization mentioned above and partly because of the conservatism. Michael Collins1 looked at the records of Lloyd's and what he found out,was that in a local level, there was still a continuous existence of this permanent overdraft throughout the late Victorian period.

  2. Historical Investigation -- How did the Southern States succession from the Union enable the ...

    O The delegations from West Virginia who would occupy the deserted seats previously held by Virginia (during this time period West Virginia was considered by the Union to be Virginia and thus Virginia is still viewed has having representation). ? There was no democratic caucus leader during the 37th Congress.

  1. The revolutions would not have occurred without the economic crises that hit Europe in ...

    The outlawing of political banquets is but one government action that led to popular discontent, it just so happened that it directly resulted in the February revolution. Similar calls for popular participation, for democracy, were heard right throughout Europe; culminating in the forced resignation of Metternich in Austria; in the

  2. Why did Britain industrialise earlier than Germany?

    Serfdom and the guilds were abolished here. All remaining traces of feudalism (which restricted commerce and industry) were ended in a process much like during the British Agricultural Revolution, only Germany?s occurred a century later. Initially, trade could not develop fast in Germany as a whole due to the small

  1. Irish Nationalism. This paper will attempt to show that the Gaelic Irish revival ...

    This dispute eventually ended in favor of the Free State proponents; however, this was the beginning of tensions between Northern and Southern Ireland, a conflict that would last for generations.6 The embattled country continued as the Free State until 1937, when it drafted a new Constitution and declared itself the Republic of Ireland.

  2. By creating categories of enemies within was Bismarck successful in uniting Germans?

    own cultural heritage is likely to have been strengthened by such attempts. In particular, Bismarck made no secret of his dislike of the Poles residing in his Prussian homeland, and it is little surprise that decades of dislike and mistrust between Germany and Poland were to follow.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work