• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Given the resources of the Grand Alliance, the defeat of the Axis powers was merely a matter of time. Discuss with reference to the period between 1941 and 1945.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'Given the resources of the Grand Alliance, the defeat of the Axis power was merely a matter of time.' Discuss with reference to the period between 1941 and 1945. The Grand alliance was proclaimed to the world on New Year's Day 1942 by Britain Russia and America. It would survive as long as each side needed each other and not longer. Each side had ideological differences, different visions about post war international order and differing geopolitical aims which made it difficult to hammer out a coordinated strategy. The Allies were all fighting separate wars, the Soviet Union on the Eastern front, the USA in the Pacific and Britain and the USA in the Mediterranean and Western Europe. The Axis powers were a military and political alliance between Germany, Italy and Japan. Their aim was to achieve vast expansion through aggressive warfare. They promised to fight against Communism and never interfere with each other's foreign takeovers. The Axis powers largely operated independently of each other but they did achieve some notable successes at the start of the war. The Allies clearly possessed the material and human resources to defeat the Axis powers, yet initially the material balance favoured the aggressors. The Allies resources were an important factor in defeating the Axis Powers yet it is not the only factor at play. The adaptability of the Allies, the inability for the Axis powers to act as a coalition force, Hitler's underestimation of Russia's resources and the Axis mistakes collectively led to their defeat. ...read more.

Middle

They did not work out their common priorities nor were their war plans coordinated. This enabled the Allies to turn the tide of the war and seize the initiative. Industry was central to the Allied view of warfare. Germany and Japan did not consider economics as central to the war effort, focusing on willpower, resolve, and endurance as the prime movers in war. Eventually, factory for factory, the Allies made better use of their industry than their enemies thereby winning the long war of attrition. The Allied resources were a definite advantage in the lead up to their eventual victory yet the outcome of the war was ultimately derived by Hitler's mistakes and was his responsibility. The invasion of Russia, the battle of Stalingrad 1942, was a decision that Hitler took which may have been the single greatest reason for the Axis defeat. Hitler's failings and mistakes stand at the top of the list in causing the Axis defeat and can explain the outcome of the war. 6In 1942 Hitler believed that Russia was beaten for military reasons and he said 'this winter Russia would probably suffer the same fate as Napoleon.' Hitler believed that by capturing western Russia he could precipitate the collapse of its economy. Reinhardt argues that Hitler clearly misjudged Russia's situation. He believed that the red army was in a far worse situation then the German troops and thus he arrived at an incorrect assessment of the situation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler came very close to defeating Stalin that summer. The tide then turned and the Second World War was won by the Allies in the East with enormous sacrifices on the part of the Russian army and population. Material resources were key in winning the war against the Axis powers but Hitler's biggest mistake, the invasion of Russia, was when he interfered with the military conduct of the invasion from the beginning, and the unprecedented n**i brutality that aimed to decimate and enslave them, left the tough Russian people with no other choice but to fight their toughest war, and utilize their endless resources much better than ever, and by doing so Hitler lost his last remaining options and his chance of winning the war. Bibiliography: Overy, Richard, Why the Allies Won The War (London, 1995) Purdue, A.W, The Second World War, 1999 Weinberg, Gerhard L, Germany Hitler and World War 2, 1995 Stoler, Mark A, Allies in War, 2005 Reinhardt, Klaus, Moscow, The Turning Point, 1992 1 Richard Overy, Why the Allies Won The War (London, 1995) 2 Mark A. Stoler, Allies in War, 2005 3 Mark A. Stoler, Allies in War, 2005 4 A.W Purdue, The Second World War, 1999 5 Richard Overy, Why the Allies Won The War (London, 1995) 6 Klaus Reinhard Moscow-The turning Point, 1992 7 Richard Overy, Why the Allies Won The War (London, 1995) 8 A.W Purdue, The Second World War, 1999 ?? ?? ?? ?? Yael Last HY116 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1920-1949 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1920-1949 essays

  1. Why and when was Germany divided? 1945

    As the Cold War began to intensify and the ideological differences between the Soviet Union and the western occupants became more clear, the division process took a new turn with plans to found separate West German and East German states.

  2. Do Historical Films help or hinder our understanding of the past? Discuss with reference ...

    This is agreeable because Hirschbiegel's portrayal of a dependent Hitler helps us to understand the past by suggesting how, in reality, Hitler lacked control and thus enables the audience to question the traditional position of the stereotypical 'strong leader'. Hirschbiegel's film also helps us to understand the past because Hitler's

  1. The Re-Unification Of Germany.

    Pravda in February 1990 that '...Even after the emergence of the two German states, the Soviet Government, together with the German Democratic Republic continued to uphold the principle of German unity..' He goes on to blame the Western powers instead '...On March 10th 1952, the Soviet Government put forward a

  2. The historian P.M.H. Bell contends that the Thirty Year War thesis, the will of ...

    Consequently, the Germans were faced with two options. In order to end this crisis, Germany could have slowed down the pace of rearmament, which was obviously outright rejected by Hitler. The only other option was to acquire more resources by the means of force which occurred in a circular process.

  1. Account for the varying fates of the Jewish populations in different Balkan countries during ...

    In contrast, in Bulgaria where the Nazis were not so strong, the opposition of the Orthodox Church to the Final Solution and its careful use of Bulgarian public opinion was a considerable factor in fewer Bulgarian Jews dying. Across the Balkans there was differing degrees of assimilation by the Jewish

  2. "How did Operation Barbarossa and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour affect the outcomes ...

    Winter came three weeks premature and the weather was Hitler's greatest enemy (Fuller, 1948, p124). Soon, the once easy advance across Russia became a long, harsh slog. Roads became boggy and supplies took longer to move (Fuller, 1948, p125). German forces were bogged in mud between Nara and Oka and

  1. Why did the Labour Party win the General Election of 1945?

    September's results were Churchill with 24 per cent, Eden obtained 21 per cent and Attlee a mere 7 per cent of the popular vote. In January Churchill decreased to 20 per cent, Eden increased to 31 per cent whilst Attlee's share of the vote fell to 4 per cent.12 Cantwell

  2. Roses of Hope- Nazi destruction of in WW2

    In the gym, they tore children off their mothers? arms. Gestapo said that they will send mothers into work camp by trains and children will be transported by buses to have more comfortable journey. Everything was one big lie. Three children who were picked for reeducation were deported into Reich?s families.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work