Explain why Gender was used for such diverse political purposes in the late 18th Century
Explain why gender was used for such diverse political purposes in this period? During the late eighteenth through to the early twentieth centuries, gender has been used in various different ways to aid and hinder political activism. Historians often use the term 'gender' to explore the differences between men and women during this period which allows us to see how they interact with each other. Indeed, in recent years, there has been an increased interest in the part that women have had to play in history and the influence that they have had on political events. Feminists have often asked how and under what conditions the roles and function of each sex have been defined: "how the very meanings of 'man' and 'woman' varied according to time and place"1. However, it is also important for historians not to fall into the trap of taking the term 'gender' to only be in reference to the roles and lack of attention that women have received throughout history, and for this reason, I wish to discuss the importance of both men and women in the changing political climate. This era of 'modern' history can be seen as a time of great change, with significant developments in the fields of science, politics, warfare and technology. With the outlook that this was the age of discovery and globalisation, it easy to see why European powers began a political, economic and cultural colonization of
Leadership Qualities: Fidel Castro.
Brandon Dewald December , 2004 Professor ____________ Business ____________ Leadership Qualities: Fidel Castro Fidel Castro was born on August 13, 1926. As a child, he lived on a farm in the town of Mayari in the province of Oriente. His father was the owner of a 23,000-acre plantation. While he was young, Castro worked in his family's sugar cane fields. He was raised a Catholic, and attended Catholic schools throughout his childhood. In 1945 he enrolled at the University of Havana. During his schooling, Castro expressed his academic interests in politics, sociology, history, and agriculture. Fidel Castro excelled in many areas of academics. However, Fidel graduated in 1950 with a law degree. While in college, he married Mirta Diaz-Balart in 1948, but they soon divorced after a short lived marriage six years later in 1954. A year after they were married, they had a son, Fidel Castro Diaz-Balart, born in 1949. After a callous end to the marriage that resulted in divorce, Fidel had his son kidnapped and taken to Mexico. During the 1940's Fidel Castro became exceptionally knowledgeable of Cuban politics. In 1951 he was a leader in the growing populist political movement led by the Partido del Pueblo Cubano, an anti-Communist nationalist group. At this time, Fidel was expecting to gain the presidency through an election, and planned to run for Congress.
Why did Carthage Lose the Punic Wars?
Why did Carthage Lose the Punic Wars? The greatest naval power of the Mediterranean in the third century B.C. was the North African city of Carthage. From the earliest days of the Republic, Rome had been on friendly terms with Carthage. For centuries, the first had remained a land power and the second was a major naval power whose ships controlled the western Mediterranean; while Rome expanded for political reasons, trade and commerce motivated Carthage's foreign policy. During the centuries of their earliest contact, Rome and Carthage had lived in harmony. Heichelheim and Yeo (1962, p.115) agree that prior to 264 B.C., relations between the two powers, if not friendly, had at least been diplomatically correct. Because they had shared a common enemy in the Greeks for two and a half centuries, neither side felt threatened by the other. However, suspicions and jealousies began to grow on both sides and in 264 B.C. the friendly relations between Carthage and Rome were disrupted by a seemingly unimportant incident in north-east Sicily. For a lack of a common enemy in the Greeks and the fact that Roman power had reached southern Italy, war became inevitable (Grant, 1978, p.83). The determination of Carthage to protect her commercial and imperial interests was matched by the resolution of Rome in fighting for her honour, and so from a small incident their confrontation swelled
How far do the sources support the view that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914?
How far do the sources support the view that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914? Sources one to six do support the view that Germany was warlike and aggressive in its foreign policy in the years 1899-1914. There are many reasons for her aggressive like behavior. Germany believed they were being "encircled" by the other powers of Europe. The most important factor for other countries belief of this was there increasing involvement with "Weltpolitik" or Germanys World Policy. The other powers believed this new policy passed a great threat. This policy was now emphasized on expansion, especially over-seas and the creation of a huge navy. Firstly, it undoubtedly reflected the mentality and hostility of the Kaiser. Source one is a speech to the people of Germany, convincing them that Welpolitik is a good thing and it will bring prosperity to Germany, however he is telling the people what they want to hear, so this could be untrue or biased and therefore not very reliable, "without a strong military and a strong navy there can be no welfare for us" (Prince Von Bulow, 1899). The main core of the Weltpolik was Bernard von Bulow, Johannes von Miguel and Alfred Von Tripitz. However is Weltpolitik essentially an element in the solution of Germanys economic problems? Another worry was the German build up of their fleet, if they to succeed in
Explain and critically examine Britain(TM)s policy of non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War
06375332 Explain and critically examine Britain's policy of non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War. In July 1936 a military coup began against the Spanish Republic sparking a civil war, the effects of which it was feared could reverberated throughout Europe given the political instability and fragile balance of powers. For Britain Spain was significant in isolation as a trading partner: internationally as a state which could upset the balance of powers in Europe and ideologically insofar as the left-leaning Popular Front government was proving difficult to work with and in many ways ideologically inferior to the fascist rebels in terms of British interest. Most sympathisers with the Republican cause in the Spanish Civil War also concern themselves with the policy of non-intervention agreed and observed by the Western democracies at the time. The area is so significant given that the observation of the policy was pivotal in the outcome of the war; Britain's role is regarded as particularly significant as some believe that the British policy of non-intervention heavily influenced the policy of other European powers. The motivation of non-intervention is its most crucial aspect and theories pertaining to it are numerous and will be discussed during the course of this essay. The first to officially propose a European policy of non-intervention were the French Popular
Assess the significance of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.
Assess the significance of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. Between 19-24 June 1897, Britain and the British Empire celebrated the 60th anniversary of Queen Victoria's accession to the throne. The Queen had broken George 111's record by several months and had reigned for 60 years. Her Diamond Jubilee was therefore duly celebrated. There were great festivities throughout Great Britain and the Empire including the great royal procession to St Paul's for a service of thanksgiving. Also there was held a military tattoo at Windsor, a service at St George's chapel, Windsor and the Countess of Jersey's garden party at Osterley Park. Presents and tributes were paid to Queen Victoria and there included ceremony and display and speechmaking. Among the presents sent to the Queen was a diamond valued at £300,000 from the Nizam of Hyderabad, which was stolen before it reached the Queen. There were many street parties and free food was given to the poor. The Queen's jubilee in 1887 was made the occasion of the first imperial conference, and her Diamond Jubilee ten years later was a great imperial spectacular in its own right and was accompanied by another conference of the Empire's chief ministers. The music halls played 'Soldiers of the Queen' and 'Son's of the sea. In 1899 Rudyard Kipling issued the most famous of his calls to Englishmen to fulfil their destiny: Take up the white
The League of Nations was a great force for peace in the 1920’s. Discuss
This essay is going to explore this statement, "The League of Nations was a great force for peace in the 1920's", and study whether it is justified or not. A failure of the 1920's was the Vilna incident of 1920. Poland and Lithuania were both 2 new states created by the post-war treaties. Vilna was made the capital city of Lithuania, but it's population was mainly Polish and in 1920 a Polish Army took control of it. Lithuania appealed for help. Both countries were members of the League. Poland was clearly the aggressor though some people sympathised with them. The league protested to Poland but they did not withdraw. The league could have sent an army but France did not want to upset Poland as they saw them as a potential ally against Germany and Britain were not prepared to act alone in sending troops to the other side of Europe. In the end the league did nothing and Poland kept Vilna. This was an early test for the league and they failed. It was not a very good start at keeping the peace. One of the major failures of the League of Nations was the Corfu incident in 1923. This incident began when Tellini, an Italian general who was sent to assess the border between Greece and Albania, and his team were ambushed and killed by Greek bandits. Mussolini, the Italian leader, was furious and blamed the Greek government for the murder. On 29 August he demanded compensation
Six inventions of the Industrial Revolution.
Edward Phillips 29.09.2002. Six inventions of the Industrial Revolution The first industry to mechanise in Britain was the cotton industry. The breakthrough was an innovation for weaving. Weaving Machines Until the early 1800's, almost all weaving was done on hand looms because nobody could solve the problems of mechanical weaving. In 1733, John Kay, a Lancashire clock-maker, invented the 'Flying Shuttle'. Using this, weavers could work much faster, so they needed more spun thread; it took 8 spinners to supply one weaver. This machine made all the movements for weaving but it often went out of control, and a number of attempts were made to invent a better spinning machine to increase the amount of thread available. In 1764 James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny (see below). In the mid 1780's, an Anglican clergyman named Edmund Cartwright, developed a steam-powered loom. In 1803, John Horrocks, a Lancashire machine manufacturer, built an all-metal loom. Other British machine makers made further improvements to the steam-powered loom during the early 1800's. By 1835, Great Britain had more than 120,000 power looms. Most of them were used to weave cotton. After the mid-1800's, hand looms were used only to make fancy patterned cloth, which still could not be made on power looms. Spinning Machines For hundreds of years before the Industrial Revolution,
Explain the failure to be returned to government of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in the 1950's.
Explain the failure to be returned to government of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in the 1950's. The Social Democratic Party and its leader Kurt Schumacher failed to return to government in the 1950's for many reasons. Schumacher and his party made some very serious miscalculations, which left the party in opposition for 17 years. In 1933 the SPD took a stance against Nazism and voted against special powers for Hitler. At the fall of the Third Reich in 1945 the SPD had high hopes for itself and believed that the German population would crave a democratic government. This was a gross miscalculation as "Weimar had done nothing to encourage faith in parliamentary institutions" (Pulzer 2003 p52). Hitler was seen as the product of a democracy and socialism as a continuation of regiment and ration queues. In addition the SPD's Marxist stance served "as a constant reminder of the failed Weimar regime" (Padgett and Burkett 1986 p48). Schumacher' s idea at this time was to create a new, revitalised SPD but his ideas proved to be unsuccessful. He had really duplicated the model that had been present in the Weimar period and claimed to make revolutionary changes that they had never made before and didn't know how to make. During this time the SPD did very little to change German society for the better. The denazification process was also reducing people's interest in politics. The
Discuss the origin and development of Greek cosmology and cosmogony from the 8th Century to the 5th Century BC.
?N??I ?AYTON Cosmology and Cosmogony of the Ancient Greek World Richard Armes Discuss the origin and development of Greek cosmology and cosmogony from the 8th Century to the 5th Century BC. "I think that it's important for scientists to explain their work, particularly in cosmology. This now answers many questions once asked of religion." Prof. Stephen Hawking, Interview with The Guardian (UK) September 27, 2005 Cosmology is the metaphysical study of the structure and nature of the universe as a whole.1 Cosmogony is the branch of ancient philosophy concerned with the origins of the universe.2 Since the beginning of recorded history (and no doubt before) humans have been fascinated by the questions posed by cosmological enquiry and investigations concerning the birth of our universe.3 Often wrong, but never uncertain, humans have believed many incompatible answers, but there have been certain common patterns and rationales in these conclusions.4 The differences in these conclusions possibly reflect differences in the economy, social order, and the environment of the different civilisations.5 This paper shall be primarily concerned with the developments in presocratic thought, specifically that of the Ionian rationalists, for prior to the development of Greek civilisation, although men no doubt speculated on the world beyond their immediate experience, no records of their