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University Degree: Ancient History

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  1. 'The Roman Dictator' - Julius Caesar

    hardiest of his troops; he was braver than any man in his armies and his troops adored him for it so they followed him everywhere. This unique man, whom Shakespeare called 'the noblest man that ever lived in the tide of times', excelled in everything that he did. He was extremely versatile and talented. He had been a general, a statesman, a lawgiver, a jurist, an orator, a poet, a historian, a mathematician, and an architect. He would had surpassed any other man in a subject to which he devoted his time.

    • Word count: 1951
  2. The Muslim conquest of Spain

    It is frequently stated in historical sources that Spain was one of the former Roman provinces where the Latin language and culture grew deep roots. After the fall of the Empire the Visigoths continued the tradition by becoming probably the most Romanized of all Teutonic tribes. However in saying that it is important to note the lack of administrative and political order and unity that existed there. For unlike the Spain of the late medieval age Kingship was elective, not hereditary.

    • Word count: 1990
  3. Which aspects of the Roman games are the most difficult for someone living in the twenty first century to understand? How far can the aspects you have chosen be explained in terms of Roman values?

    Remarkably some could redeem themselves, if they fought bravely enough and the community were suitably impressed, they could be given back their lives and in some cases freedom. Yet some gladiators were born free men, they had given up their normal lives to pursue fame and fortune, or had become socially unacceptable after scandal or legal losses and could used this desperate measure as a chance to live again. The fighting skills used in the arena were regarded by society as a noble art, whilst stories of great battles would be displayed in the arena to educate and show the strength of Rome making the population feel secure.

    • Word count: 934
  4. Deterioration- An Essay on J.M. Coetzee's Waiting for the Barbarians

    One of the first emotions that are used in Waiting for the Barbarians relates to sex and affection. The majority of people believe that it is beneficial to have a partner in which they can get love and affection from. This is also evident in the novel because the Magistrate develops a craving towards this barbarian woman. He is extremely compassionate as first shown in their initial meeting. The Magistrate then gets into a routine with her and is known as their evening ritual: First comes the ritual of the washing, for which she is now naked.

    • Word count: 2330
  5. Bokassa Essay

    However, this sunny view is opposed by Encyclopaedia Britannica (http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9080461/Jean-Bedel-Bokassa, 07/28/07) which says that the Operation failed because of poor management and also Krieger (p188, 1933) who claims that the CAR's fragile infrastructure and economy both deteriorated while he was in power. The reality is that Bokassa helped himself to gems from the mines, looted resources and used his country's funds to pay for his own luxuries (Kreiger 1993, p118); he was later charged with embezzlement of state funds (Jean-B�del Bokassa Trial: 1986-87." Great World Trials. Edited by Edward W. Knappman.

    • Word count: 1653
  6. The Middle Ages And The Greek Influence

    The Greeks studied the human form and replicated every curve. Clothing was depicted as it lay in natural folds, hanging off the body. The physical structure and facial features were carved in idealistic styles. Natural beauty was embraced and the figures inhabited a real space. Human depictions of the Romanesque era were a far cry from the Classical Greek style. Facial features exhibited cartoon-like expressions and the natural world was not represented in a realistic sense. Symbolism dominated the arts as the main theme of the time.

    • Word count: 676
  7. What is the extent, and reasons for, the Ancient fascination with Egypt?

    Around 450B.C the most celebrated visitor of all travelled to Egypt - the Greek historian Herodotus (c.490-c.420BC) often called the 'Father of History' because of his breadth of vision and the far-ranging scope of his work. Herodotus aimed to write an inquiry into various contemporary nations, and in Book II of his great work The Histories he describes Egypt. Other ancient sources include the Greek historian and geographer Strabo, Arrian, a Greek historian and philosopher of the Roman period and Plutarch, the famous ancient Greek author of Parallel Lives.

    • Word count: 3518
  8. In this essay I am going to be discussing the impact government had on public health during the Roman and medivel perieods

    The Romans controlled a vast empire. Rome, the capital, was the largest city in the world at that time, with a population of over 1,000,000 by about 4 BC. Such a city produced huge amounts of waste products, and required vast amounts of fresh water for the survival of its people. To ensure the of the city and the people, the government of Rome developed a highly structured public health system, and this method was followed in other cities and towns established across the Roman Empire.

    • Word count: 722
  9. The Mongol Empire

    There were several things about the Mongol Empire that were quite unique, their most surprising and advanced characteristic is that they were tolerant and actually supported outside religions. This is something that is almost never heard of in other empires of that time or any time for that matter. What is just as surprising is that many of the religions that were in the Mongol Empire hated each other and yet they fought with each other to expand the reach of the empire.

    • Word count: 527
  10. Hannibal's failure in Italy & Zama

    * Trebia ( Tactical skills defeating Roman army) * Trasimene lake. (Ambush between the hills Consul Flaminius killed) * Cannae Hannibal's convex, crescent shaped lines slowly encircled and finally destroyed the Army) * River Metaurus (Hasdrubal, Hannibal's Brother with reinforcements & siege equipment defeated) It can be seen from Hannibal's great military feats that he was a gifted commander and military genius however, although Hannibal had Rome on its heel the underestimating of the loyalty of the central Italian allies of Rome and the lack of other plans to end the war would see Hannibal to loose his homeland, Carthage.

    • Word count: 1954
  11. The importance of drama to fifth century BC Athenian society

    The three forms of drama to stem were tragedy, comedy and satyr. Despite this religion was a chief element within Greek drama. This is evident in many of the plays, which incorporate the gods into the story. This was not unusual as plays were commonly performed in honour of the gods, as mentioned above. Because of this association drama had with the gods, theatrical performances were extremely important to Athenian society and as a consequence, sourced thousands of people, from all parts of the land to celebrate in the holy festivities.

    • Word count: 618
  12. Augustus Saved Rome

    Augustus built many magnificent buildings throughout the empire. Most of the buildings were public. Some of these buildings provided shelter for the homeless. Augustus also improved the roads. Some of the unemployed workers were hired to build these new road systems. Once these road systems were built they provided more trade throughout the empire. Literature flourished with writers. The empire expanded under Augustus with his generals subduing Spain, Gaul, Pannonia, and Dalmatia.

    • Word count: 560
  13. The Greeks made some contributions to the development of medicine but basically they still believed in the supernatural. Do you agree with this statement?

    Knowledge of the anatomy could only progress when human dissection became acceptable. Philosophers like Plato and Aristotle argued that once the soul had left the body, it was acceptable to cut the body up and that the body was not needed after death. Dissecting was allowed in Alexandria- for a short time even dissection of the living was carried out. Criminals, who were condemned to die, were dissected and consequently the movement of blood around the veins was discovered, along with, the accurate positions of the organs in the body. This practise was soon stopped, but dissection of the dead was still carried out.

    • Word count: 1083
  14. Roman Baths

    There was even an academic side to the baths since the grand thermae, incorporated libraries, which were widely used and lecture halls also a major gymnasium; in this area such equipment as weights were kept and first introduced, today we use the same idea but most people now have these in their homes. Although wealthy Romans might set up a bath in their town houses or especially in their country villas, they often attended the public bathhouses in the cities and towns throughout the empire.

    • Word count: 2230
  15. Free essay

    script model for broadcasting

    Medium shot Here is where most of AUcians eat, at least once a day while studying or in between gaps SOT: Close up shot of Essam eating a sandwich fro the Cafeteria ON MOST OF THE DAYS I EITHER HAVE BREAKFEAST OR LUNCH DEPENDING ON MY SCHEDUAL VO: Medium wide shot of Sherif Speaking and behind him the open buffet The Cafeteria doesn't only offer snacks and sandwiches but there is

    • Word count: 377
  16. Roman Baths

    According to Natascha Zajac, 'The Romans believed that the human body was made up of four humours. Disease was thought to be the result of imbalance. A certain way of bathing restores the balance of humours.' Before going into the baths, the Romans usually did a lot of physical activities and sports, like ball games (e.g. Trigon), wrestling and weight-lifting in the Palestra, to maintain the fitness of their bodies. So therefore, going to Baths was a way for the Romans to be clean and healthy. Also, going to Baths was more or less a social event.

    • Word count: 669
  17. Conquering the nation

    It was a great military fortress with amazing intelligence system. Aztecs were terrific warriors. Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztec nation, observed Spanish soldiers and was informed that they drove horses and fired guns. 600 Spanish soldiers conquered the huge Aztec Empire - how is this possible? Montezuma was informed that the people living in the coast saw floating mountains across the water. He had warnings of the arrival of the fair-skinned bearded strangers. A fair-skinned stranger landed on the east coast.

    • Word count: 649
  18. Posting to Hadrian's Wall proved a hard one for a Roman soldier, discuss

    One tablet from Vindolanda (Chesterholm) that is particularly useful in understanding the duties and life of the typical soldier is tablet 154, a strength report of cohors I Tungrorum from Vercovicium. "18 May, net number of the First Cohort of Tungrians ... 752, including centurions ... 6 of whom there are absent: guards of the governor ... 46... at Coria 337 ... centurions 2 (?) ...... total ... absentees ... 456, including centurions ... 5, remainder present ... 296 including centurion ...

    • Word count: 2986
  19. czech history

    After four years of instability John of Luxemborg got the Czech throne by a dynastic wedding. Under the rule of his son, Charles IV., the Czech Kingdom became the centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Prague became the imperial resindence and during this period it flourished and grew. In 1348 Charles IV. founded the University, the New Town and he promoted the construction of the Charles Bridge and the St.Vitus Cathedral. The first of the 15th century was marked by the Husic Movement.

    • Word count: 523
  20. How fully was Britain Romanised?

    They must have once been a consul or a praetor, and were chosen carefully for the skills they could transfer to the governed area. Not only was their role military, but they were also responsible for maintaining good relations with local client kings, to help the process of Romanisation become more acceptable. After the Roman invasion, Britain's economy became more Romanised. Procurators, who, although socially inferior to governors, had direct access to the Emperor, controlled the financial administration of Britain.

    • Word count: 1037
  21. WHY SHOULD ONE STUDY ANCIENT/ CLASSICAL GREEK AND ROMAN WARFARE?

    To study Ancient Civilization is to travel - across parts of Africa, southern Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. It is a linking voyage, not a reducing trip. It broadens ones mind and gives depictions of peoples, ideas, patterns, developments, organizations and most importantly wars.2 War pervaded the ancient world, from the clash of the great Bronze Age chariot armies in the Near East at its beginning to the battles that marked the dissolution of the western Empire at its end.

    • Word count: 2369
  22. MEDIEVAL medicien

    * This way the church stayed in power even when the rest of the Roman civilisation was falling apart! * The start of the medieval period is sometimes known as the Dark Ages. * After the barbarians took over there were several consequences for medicine: 1) Centres for the training of doctors disappeared. 2) Roman public health systems collapsed 3) Many of the important books of the Greeks and Romans were lost and destroyed. * There wasn't a proper system for the training of the doctor and some people claimed to be doctors when they weren't. * Throughout must of the barbarian empire, the Roman system sanitations had broken down.

    • Word count: 987
  23. "Your Empire is now a tyranny" (Pericles 430 B.C). To what extent do Thucydides and inscriptions support this point of view from 454 to 427 B.C?

    Obviously this declared that you would never leave the league under any circumstances. Controversially, in 465 BC, a state by the name of Naxos revolted against Athens and decided to leave the league. The most probable reasons for leaving the league were that Naxos could not afford the annual tribute, or could not donate ships to the league. Athens declared war on Naxos and forced her back into allegiance. This was the first time that the original constitution of the league was broken, as well as the first time that an originally independent state lost its independence. As Naxos was now a subject of Athens, this was the beginning of the Athenian empire.

    • Word count: 2972
  24. roman medical ideas were the same as the greeks

    Herbs were commonly used as treatments by both Romans and Greeks. Galen used herbs and vegetables as opposites for example he used pepper when patients had colds because it is seen as hot. Roman families used vegetables in medical treatments at home. The idea of herbs was seen as one of the most important methods for the Romans and the Greeks. Greeks frequently recommended exercise and changes in the diet there is also evidence for this method by the Romans. The Romans were a great fan of public baths and those who could afford it had personal trainers.

    • Word count: 772
  25. What Factors Were Most Significant to Roman Health and Medical Practice?

    Hippocrates (460 - 377 BC), a Greek, is acknowledged as the founding father of modern medicine and wrote the Hippocratic corpus, which were a collection of books written by Hippocrates or his followers. A man called Aristotle developed Hippocrates' ideas and the city of Alexandria became a centre of medical development. The library in Alexandria attempted to amass all the knowledge in the world and made copies of its books for other libraries. It was also the first place to allow human dissection for a period of time, which meant that the human anatomy could be studied in detail.

    • Word count: 866

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