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University Degree: 1920-1949

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  1. In Poland in 1939 and in Western Europe in 1940 the German Army defeated its enemies quickly. Was this only because of the Blitzkrieg tactics used?

    The concept of Blitzkrieg was actually quite simple but understood by few at the time. For an effective resistance against Blitzkrieg the allies would only have had to attack one of the elements for the rest of Blitzkrieg to become severely weakened as all parts of Blitzkrieg were closely linked and relied on each other. For example if Britain and France had stopped Germany going against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles by producing weapons and increasing the size of its army then the speed and element of surprise in Blitzkrieg would have been lost.

    • Word count: 2352
  2. "Nothing can be more misleading than to apply such a concept to the discussion between Germans and Jews during the last 200 years." - Gershom Scholem. Discuss this in relation to the texts and issues that you have studied.

    This is portrayed very powerful in the essay quote. Scholem discusses in great depth the "German-Jewish symbiosis" and strongly concluded it was then, less a social reality in the living-together of Jews and Non-Jews than it was a cultural phenomenon within the Jewish group itself. It must also be emphasised that right from the beginning that he portrays his views very strongly and does not accept that there may have been individual German-Jewish friendships. As a result of this, his ideas have become questionable and debatable. As a result of emancipation, the occupational limitations on Jews were eliminated but the change in Jewish vocational patterns ran an entirely different course than the one that the emancipators had pictured.

    • Word count: 2886
  3. Charles de Gaulle and how he gained France's support and the opportunities he seized to get power which led to the Liberation.

    On May 10th 1940 the Germans attacked France. The French High command had been certain that the Germans would attack along the French - German border and they were prepared with their underground forts known as the Maignot Line. Unfortunately the Germans continued their attack on the 12th May at Sedan where the Line ended, it proved to be a expensive and useless plan. De Gaulle's tanks blocked the German advance for a few days but the allies couldn't hold.

    • Word count: 2077
  4. Analyze the factors that gradually influenced the emergence of the Two Nation theory in pre independence India which led to the birth of Pakistan as a sovereign state. Has this theory been vindicated in the past seventy years?

    More than six and a half decades since its establishment, Pakistan has yet to reconcile its self-proclaimed Islamic identity with the imperatives of a modern nation-state.?(Preville & Poucher, 3) This then begs the question, is the two nation theory even valid today or does it provide the ideological backing that led to emergence of Pakistan? This essay seeks to explore the background the factors that resulted in the formation of a sovereign Pakistan, the historical context and attempts to analyze its validity in light of past and recent events to form a conclusion.

    • Word count: 2802
  5. Can Franco be described as a truly fascist dictator?

    Franco also shared similar characteristics to other fascist dictators such as Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini. Although simply sharing similar characteristics does not constitute a fascist dictator and Franco's regime lacked other key components such as expansionist foreign policy. Furthermore it will become clear that in the later years of Francoism, Spain gradually moved away from the more extreme fascist elements and policy. It is fair to say that Franco's regime changed from a semi fascist state to a Catholic conservative authoritarian state.

    • Word count: 2942
  6. An Analysis of Edward Saids Out of Place from a Postcolonial Perspective

    For several years there were the revolts of non-Jewish Palestinians against the upcoming Zionist acts. In 1947, after WWI and Holocaust, British Government declared its desire to terminate their mandate in Palestine. And United Nations decided to divide the territory as a Jewish one and an Arab state. Although not surprisingly Jewish side accepted this offer, Arabs totally rejected and a civil war broke out, finally leading to the foundation of State of Israel in 1948. Palestinians who fled or were driven out of their houses were unable to return now. In 1948 with the Arab Israeli war Israel captured further mandate territories, Jordon and Egypt also captured West Bank and Gaza.

    • Word count: 2412
  7. Were the Gypsies of Europe subject to a genocide in the years 1939-1945?

    and Russia denouncing the Armenian massacres, to name just a couple of examples. However, it was the n**i?s and more specifically the Jewish holocaust that provoked the convention. Genocide became a new word to denote an old practice (ibid). The convention allows for one state to intervene regarding the genocidal actions carried out by the power of another state. However, for one state to accuse another delegitimizes the power of the state (Fein 1990:12), and this is why interventions regarding genocide usually come too late.

    • Word count: 2399
  8. J. Robert Oppenheimer: An Unappreciated Genius

    In 1888 a man by the name of Julis Oppenheimer took his first step onto American soil in the port of New York. He was at that point a young man of only 17. He spoke very little english but was determined to work hard and make a name for himself. Through years of dedication he finally ?worked himself up to become a prosperous textile importer with a good command of the language. He was widely read and developed a good taste for the arts.

    • Word count: 2883
  9. What are the grounds on which the dropping of the nuclear bombs on Japan have been either condemned or justified?

    I believe, it had to be developed to counter the threat of n**i Germany who had also started to develop their own nuclear programme that potentially could have easily turned the tide of war in it?s favour. The focus of this essay is to analyse the grounds on which the bombs dropped on Hiroshima and then 3 days later in Nagasaki killed 100,000 instantly and an estimated 200,000 to radiation poisoning over the coming decades; however, these figures do remain hotly contested to this day.

    • Word count: 2938

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