• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why did America's role in the world change in the 20th century?

Extracts from this document...


Michelle Winship Year 1 Themes in American History and Culture Tutor: Dr. C. Kitching Tuesday 13th May 2003 Essay: How and why did America's role in the world change in the 20th century? How and why did America's role in the world change in the 20th century? During the 20th century it can be seen that America's role in the world changed from an isolationist role to one of intervention. The main change can be seen in America's changing foreign policy. Events that happened in Asia and Europe caused the United States to remake its foreign policy and adapt is role in the world accordingly. It is impossible to assume that America's role in the world will stay how it is today; the role of the United States in global affairs is still under fire. America now appears to have abandoned its policy of isolation, and has seen its role in the world change immensely over the past century. The Monroe Doctrine had been set up by US President James Monroe in 1823. The U.S. promised to not intervene in the internal affairs of Europe and in return Europe should not intervene in American affairs. ...read more.


755)Roosevelt wanted to avoid war with Japan so rather than using military might to solve the problem, America used economic tactics to try to persuade the occupiers to leave. America continued to stay aloof from European affairs. A series of Neutrality Acts were passed inbetween 1935 and 1937, appeasing supporters of the isolationist policy. The Spanish Civil War prompted an amendment to the Neutrality Acts, stating that the legislation would also cover civil wars. (Boyer, Enduring Vision, p. 753) Roosevelt was concerned with European affairs, although maintaining the position of neutrality; America encouraged negotiations within Europe to deal with the increasing problem of Germany and Italy. FDR recognized the emergence of Germany as a military power and sought to increase the United States military. America's involvement in the Second World War started in 1941 and was initially in the form of economic concessions to the Allied countries, in particular Great Britain. This involvement was next extended to supporting British naval vessels patrolling the Atlantic. Early US involvement in the European war was kept to a minimum. America occupied Greenland and Iceland in order to prevent them falling to Axis forces. ...read more.


America increased its military presence in South Vietnam, continuing to help the south overcome the north. After US naval ships were attacked by the North Vietnamese in 1964, President Johnson gained permission from congress to use any action necessary and US troops were officially sent into Vietnam. The events of the last century display America's changing role in the world. It is evident that America adopted a policy of neutrality and isolation early in the century. Events in Europe and Asia called for America to reconsider its position in the world. After the end of the Second World War changes to America's world role can be observed; American policy changing from isolation to being concentrated on the containment of communism. America's traditional approach of non-intervention evolved with the containment policy to that of pro-intervention. The collapse of the Soviet Union has eradicated the majority of America's concern with communism. Recent events in the former Yugoslavia and in the Gulf have called for fresh debate on America's role in the world. The idea of America being the policemen of the world has been put forward on many occasions; it appears that America's new stance on the War on Terror and global peacekeeping efforts are clearly indicating that the United States has adopted an interventionist policy with regards to its role in the world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1950-1999 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1950-1999 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    A look at the Origin, Stigma/Discrimination and Government Involvement with AIDS in the United ...

    4 star(s)

    Heroin users also fell under the "immoral sinners" umbrella and their punishment was the result of using the same needle when they would "shoot up" heroin. 8 By saying that AIDS was the result from immoral actions, Americans did not see the urgency in finding a cure.

  2. The Causes of the Korean War in 1950

    off war does not contribute much in our understanding of the very beginnings of the war. At the same time, the necessity to categorise the origins of the war as alternatively regional in nature is crippled in view of the fact that the reason for China's entry into the broil was the influence of superpower dynamics on China.

  1. To what extent was the United States responsible for the collapse of the Grand ...

    Soviet spokesperson at the UN Andrei Vyshinsky spoke for the Stalin regime when he told the assembled diplomats: "[T]his plan is an attempt to split Europe into two camps..., to complete the formation of a bloc of several European

  2. To what Extent did the Marshall Plan consolidate the division of Europe after World ...

    Without conflict, the most effective way of denouncing communism was to instill the capitalist way of thinking, free markets and open democracy. Retrospectively this was made evident upon US Secretary of State, George Marshall's visit to Europe whereby the following are attributed to him: "Europe is a breeding ground for

  1. The Rise of Western Culture and Economy in Japan after World War II

    Still, much further reform must occur before the Japanese economy returns to full health. Much of the economic growth and collapse in Japan over the years can be attributed to the rise is Western culture since the closing of World War II.

  2. How Useful Is the Term Americanization When Discussing post 1945 Western European Popular Culture?

    it was more to do with a co-enforcing of racial hierarchies.[33] Germany had a long tradition of anti-black stereotypes dating back to the Weimar years. However, it was the discrimination of their rulers that allowed them to justify ________________ [1] Petra Goeda, GI?s & Germans: Culture Gender & Foreign Relations,

  1. Examine the emergence of 'urban African Culture'

    town life seen as an appealing alternative in the face of oppressive social relations and deteriorating economic conditions in the rural reserves, but the prospect of an independent income and relative social freedom proved very tempting to a great number of African females.[19] Female headed households became relatively common in

  2. Outline the role that Australian forces played in the Vietnam War and discuss the ...

    The above mentioned ?friends? were Britain and more importantly, the United States. These countries in many respects were the ?powerhouses?[6] of the time and had overwhelming military and financial dominance. Menzies desperately sought their friendship in order to achieve some facet of protection and power from the ?commies?[7] as countless veterans would describe them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work