In this essay I am going to be discussing the impact government had on public health during the Roman and medivel perieods. The romans were well organised they had a lot of money and even more power. They spent a lot of money on public health they believed a clean empire was a strong empire. The medivel perieod was totally different there government was waek and they concentrated so much on war that there government had no money left to concentrate on public health. But on the otherhand not all people during the medevel perieod were unhealthy the church was full of educated people who could read what the romans had done to keep healthy continued there traditions.
The Romans controlled a vast empire. Rome, the capital, was the largest city in the world at that time, with a population of over 1,000,000 by about 4 BC. Such a city produced huge amounts of waste products, and required vast amounts of fresh water for the survival of its people. To ensure the of the city and the people, the government of Rome developed a highly structured public health system, and this method was followed in other cities and towns established across the Roman Empire. Aqueducts were built to carry fresh water from the mountains to the cities The water was filtered before being piped to wells and buildings. Fresh drinking water was provided in drinking fountains around the cities using the water brought in by the aqueducts. Public baths were built where people came to wash, relax, swim, and receive massages. Public toilets were provided with running water cleaning away the waste, and sewers were constructed to carry soiled water into the local rivers. The Romans were able to implement public health measures as they had an organized government, and the money to pay for the work. The Romans did not know about bacteria and the true causes of disease, but they observed that swamps caused illness and that a lack of fresh water was damaging to health. By the end of the Roman Empire in AD 476, the Roman public health system was more advanced than any system of public health would be in Europe for the next 1,400 years.