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Knowing what ethics is and what makes up the study of ethics centers around understanding ethical behavior. There are nine major theories have been created to explain ethics and to determine whether a decision is ethical or not

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Introduction

1. First of all, what is ethics? Ethics is a branch of philosophy which seeks to address questions about morality; concept of examining morals which about what is right and wrong, moral and immoral. Ethics means that we are doing ethical behaviorwhich is in line with the accepted moral code and is proper. Everyone knows being ethical is very important and easy to see why ethics are important; it is also easy to see its problems. The major problem is that is hard to determine what is ethical or what is morally right. Actually, 'ethics' is not an easy word to define. Almost everyone wants to live in an ethical life, but knowing what that means is not as simple as it sounds! This means ethical dilemma. In certain situations, there are two contrasting ideas that may seem ethical, but it is hard to determine which actually the right action is. This is where things get trickier. After all, who or what determines what is moral or ethical? Does public policy determine what is ethical?For example, is it right to tell the truth when someone asks you if they look fat or if their bad tasting dinner is delicious? ...read more.

Middle

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) considers the right action to produce pleasure while the wrong action will bring about pain and suffering. His godson, John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) suggested that pleasure should be divided into higher pleasure and lower pleasure with the higher one taking more precedence in making moral decisions. This, hence, brings the issue that not all "pleasures" and "pain and sufferings" are the same. In order to solve this, the utilitarian calculus was developed. Using hedons as a unit for positive consequences and dolors as a unit for negative consequences, being ethical could be somewhat calculated. The more hedons and lessdolors there are the better. Using utilitarianism, we should be ethical because it will make the world a better place. If everyone acts for the greater good of humanity, the human race would progress much faster and there would be less suffering and pain as all decisions would be made to minimize suffering and pain and maximize happiness and pleasure. Taking into account utilitarianism and ethical egoism, both these theories suggest that we should be ethical. Ethical egoism states that it is both for our own interest and humanities as it decreases dependency while utilitarianism says that we would be making the world a better place. ...read more.

Conclusion

In the prison, there is no delicious food, no air-con, no comfortably bed and room and no freedom. This is how we will meet if we are not ethical. No one loves punishment, so we should be ethical. Besides, after we got out from the prison, we will meet another problem. We will be hard to find a job as many companies think that a person who had gone into the prison might be a person who is not ethical. They afraid that the person will make problems to the company, steal company's things and harm others. It will cause a person not able to earn money to live and not respected by other people. If an organization's reaction is not ethical, once they are caught, they will be fined or force to closed the business. It willmake them make a loss or blamed by the people. Therefore, we should be ethical so that we won't meet those problems. In conclusion, we can know that being ethical in every aspect no matter in workplace, family, school, friends or others is animportant issue for this society. Thus, everyone should understand what is ethics and the reasons why we should act ethically in order to create happiness for everyone and peaceful for this world. ...read more.

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