Religion in Ancient Egypt

        In today’s society, religion is the foundation of most cultures and families. Religion has played a significant role on how the way people live, which affect values and norms of most cultures. Religion was the most important aspect of everyday life in Egypt. Before studying the Egypt civilization, one may assume that the Egyptians worshiped only pyramids, cats, and Pharaohs. To be honest and truthful, I had the same assumptions when I thought about religion in Ancient Egypt. However, as I further studied the Egyptian culture, I leaned that they had a variety of gods and goddesses. In fact, the Egyptians were polytheistic, having many gods. Some being land gods, sun gods, nature gods, and of course the Nile River.

        While conducting my research on the religion of Ancient Egypt, I found out there was not specific word for religion. In our text, “The Essential World History”, it states “there was not specific religion because it was an inseparable element of the world order to which Egyptians society belonged” (Duiker 12). Siegfried Morenz writes, “The gods individual persons, defined and characterized by their form and name. In this respect they are like human beings” (Morenz 24). The Egyptians had gods for everything. Sir Flinders Petrie states, “The earliest gods were the personifications of the sky and the earth. The sky goddesses was called Nut and the earth god was called Geb” (Petrie 2-3). Besides the earth and sky gods and goddesses there were animal gods and sun gods. According to John Baines the sun god was called Re. “The moon was also associated with a variety of gods and the most prominent being Thoth” (Baines 37). As you can see the Egyptians had a variety of gods and goddesses. In addition to the gods mentioned above they had gods in the form of statues and other forms of art. To be specific the Egyptians worshiped gods that were statues of falcons, cats, and other animals. “They could be human (such as the gods Amun and Ptah or animal (such as the gods Anubis, pictured as a jackal, and Sobek, as a crocodile). They could also combine human and animal forms in one image (such as gods Horus, often shown as a falcon headed man, and Sekmet, as a lioness-headed woman” (Baines 19).

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        The gods and goddesses had a distinct impact on the Egyptians. So distinct, in which the gods were worshiped in a peculiar way. Only the rulers had direct contact with the gods. The Egyptians could pray to the gods, only the rulers were able to pray to the gods. Morenz writes, “Egyptian gods were primarily worshiped in cult; in principle the ruler alone was entitled to communicate with the gods; the king, the representative of the Egyptian land and people, acts on their behalf in the name of the gods, with whose authority he is imbued” (Morenz 49). As a ...

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