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The Cold War began in 1944. Do you agree?

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Introduction

'The Cold War began in 1944'. Do you agree? The Cold War was the period of intense conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union in the decades after the Second World War1. The date the Cold War actually started depends on your reasoning and school of thought. The orthodox school would agree that the Cold War did start in 1944, but the opposing revisionist view is that it started later, although both have strengths. The wartime allies had never seen eye to eye on anything other than defeating the axis powers, and once achieved differed greatly on what to do next. The start of the Cold War is a fine line, and one that is too thin to see clearly. The view that, "the Truman doctrine was the real beginning of the Cold War"2 is too simplistic Therefore, a view must be taken that there are a group of decisions over a period of time that caused the Cold War to start. The orthodox and mainly western view point on the origins of the Cold War supports the argument that the Cold War began in 1944. ...read more.

Middle

It is true that the Grand Alliance collapsed after the German surrender, and that relations between the East and West became increasingly fragile, but it was not until the Truman Doctrine in 1947 and the subsequent Marshall Plan was released that relations became so bad that the Cold War looked increasingly likely. It was the increasing alienation of the USSR by the USA and the West that provoked the USSR into what can be perceived as hostile action, as a last ditch attempt to get the USA to the negotiating table.9 This is characterised by the Berlin Blockade 30th March 1948 to 30th September 1949. After this incident it was almost impossible for the East and West to sit down and negotiate, and with the West Berliners first, and then West Germany as a whole becoming allies to the West, a clear divide had taken shape that was brought about not only through ideology, but also economics and the popular mass vote that separated communist states to the democratic West.10 In judgement, although there is no precise date for the start of the Cold War, the foundations are both long and complicated. ...read more.

Conclusion

P. 1968. Cold War Origins, I. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 169-182 Thomas, B. 1968. Cold War Origins, II. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 183-198 Word Count 1000 1 McLean, I and McMillan, A. 2003. Concise Dictionary of Politics. Oxford. Oxford University Press. pp. 87 2 Frazier, R. 1984. Did Britain Start the Cold War? Bevin and the Truman Doctrine. The Historical Journal, Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 715 3 Dukes, P. 1989. The Last Great Game: USA Versus USSR, Events, Conjunctures, Structures. Billings & Sons Ltd. Worcester P.13 4 Ibid 5 Minutes of the Executive Staff Committee, Office of Lend-Lease Administration, July 13, 1943; Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., memorandum to Dean Acheson, Dec. 27, 1943; Stettinius Memorandum to Cordell Hull, Feb. 22, 1944, Stettinius Papers. 6 Deane, J. R, 1947. The Strange Alliance: The Story of Our Efforts at Wartime Co-operation with Russia. New York. pp 96. 7Ibid 8 Thomas, B. 1968. Cold War Origins, II. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 185 9 Judt, T. 2007. Post-war; A History of Europe Since 1945.London. Pimlico. pp 139. 10 Morris. E. 1973. Blockade: Berlin and the Cold War. London. Hamilton. pp. 156 11Fleming. D. F. 1961. The Cold War and its Origins. New York. pp. 56 ?? ?? ?? ?? 0702621 1 ...read more.

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