• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This autobiography is a public primary source published in 1781. It was written in 1766 by Rousseau during the pre-revolutionary period of the French society, a period close to the Seven Years' War, to present his chronicles

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What kind of a primary source is this, and what strengths and limitations does it have as a source for studying the state of pre-revolutionary French society? This autobiography is a public primary source published in 1781. It was written in 1766 by Rousseau during the pre-revolutionary period of the French society, a period close to the Seven Years' War, to present his chronicles in a positive light for future readers as a means of defending his good name after he is gone. The strengths are as follows: Since the author is writing about himself, the information provided should be reliable and authentic as he witnessed the actual events. Being a well-known philosopher also helped to establish the credibility of this source. As a public source, it was under the pressure to be accurate. However, there is also a possibility of it harnessing an intention to mislead the readers to believe that the absolute system is bad as the source seemed to be written in a lop-sided opinion, where one is to be made believe that the Government was responsible for all the disasters that happened in France during that time. ...read more.

Middle

This document also unwittingly shows that the ruler, Louis XV was a weakling and lazy man who had no control over the state affairs, leaving them to the hands of his mistress and councils of ministers. Had he been a capable, enthusiastic and fair ruler, there wouldn't be so much oppositions and disorders in his court and there would be a fairer system in choosing the right candidate to hold the suitable position in the office. Wittingly 1. Break up of constitution 2. disasters of the unfortunate war - 3. Financial disorders system of 'progressive taxation' whereby people were taxed in accordance with how much they earned. The taxes which were imposed restricted the growth of industry and trade and the increase in food prices led to riots among the lower classes. The French government did not seem to be able to manage their finances so that the economy would improve and the people would feel fairly treated. In conclusion, the ancien regime was clearly an outdated, old fashioned system which was biased towards the wealthy and did nothing to improve the French economy. Instead of making France more powerful the ancien regime heightened tensions within the country and created unrest among the peasants who began to resent ...read more.

Conclusion

Outbreak of revolution 1789 When Louis XVI finally called the Estates General to solve financial difficulties, the Third Estate did not agree with the unfair system of the Estates General. They formed the National Assembly to make a constitution. People were afraid that the king would suppress the National Assembly. They were also discontented that the king dismissed Necker, the popular Finance Minister. The hungry Parisians, who suffered from bad harvest, burst out their anger by attacking the Bastille prison (for political prisoners). The Fall of Bastille started the French Revolution. It spread out to other parts of France. She made and unmade generals during the Seven Year�s War and helped to bring out the famous change of alliances. She wanted peace within France so it could be a strong world power. Although she was very ambitious, her life was still filled with frustrations, bitterness, and unhappiness. Throughout her life in the court, Madame de Pompadour was many times looked down upon by the French people. Coming out of the bourgeois class, this mistress and friend of the king was taking a role usually reserved for the aristocrats. Others saw her as a woman trying to seize power. Louis was lazy, and Madame de Pompadour prepared all business for the king's eye beforehand with the ministers, who met in her rooms at Versailles. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1600-1699 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1600-1699 essays

  1. Why was there a revolution in France ?

    The Hotel de Ville, were the National Assembly met set about organising a government and set up a National Guard of armed citizens which took to the streets. These were joined by regular soldiers who had decided to fight on the side of the revolutionaires in the defence of the rights of the Parisiens.

  2. The Dutch trade during the Anglo- Dutch wars. The Anglo-Dutch wars were instigated ...

    The Treaty of Westminster (1654) never solved the problems that caused the first Anglo- Dutch war, the Navigation act still had to be obeyed and the Treaty also stated that the title of Stadholder had to be abolished making the Dutch Republic weaker that before the start of the war.26

  1. Assess the view that Charles I rather than Archbishop Laud directed ecclesiastical affairs during ...

    instructions for Wentworth to continue with the 'thorough' in Ireland, even though Charles' agreement has not and may not be secured. Although it could be argued that the latter statement does not directly concern the appointment to a chaplaincy, it nevertheless shows Laud's centrality to reform, and thus combats claims

  2. The Importance of the Diary for a Study of Archbishop Laud

    Laud briefly writes of his desire to repair St. Paul's, and visits made to consecrate and view various parish churches, yet does not mention anything on the reforms implemented within them, nor his views on the controversy these changes caused, which is rather peculiar considering at his trial in 1645

  1. Free essay

    Discuss the idea that The turn of the Screw is written in such a ...

    The notion of reinterpreting and deconstructing binary opposites is very common in Post-structuralist writing; Nietzsche famously claimed "There are no facts, only interpretations" (Barry p.63). This concept is particularly evident in James' presentation of evil in The Turn of the Screw.

  2. the french revolution

    each estate a single vote, despite the fact that the Third Estate, consisting of the general French public, was many times larger than either of the first two. Feuds quickly broke out over this discrepancy and would prove to be contradictory.

  1. Throughout the history of the United States of America, four American presidents have been ...

    Once again, Lincoln never showed up, and once again they thought that the authorities were after them. Then, on April 9, 1865, after the surrender of General Robert E. Lee to General Ulysses S. Grant, and the fact that the war was practically over, Booth fell into depression and began

  2. "Assimilation and its successor, Association, were euphemisms for the political and economic exploitation of ...

    By the middle of the century it looked as though the most promising hope for development would be with the French merchants and traders and the expansion of their interests into the savannah regions of the interior. The French goal of increasing their hold in West Africa was influenced by

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work