• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Khrushchev removed from power in 1964?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Khrushchev removed from power in 1964? In 1964, Khrushchev was forced out of parliament by his colleagues. This happened because he lost the confidence of powerful interests in Communism. In my opinion, I think this happened due to 5 reasons. I will explain my theory below. Firstly, and arguably most importantly, the Cuban missile crisis. In 1962, Fidel Castro was the leader of Cuba. Nikita Khrushchev agreed to buy the sugar from Cuba; in fact this was the same sugar America was refusing to buy. But, this was in return for a big favour; Russia could base their nuclear missiles on Cuban soil. Castro agreed. Khrushchev was picking a blatant fight with Kennedy, just for the purpose of winning. He wanted Russia to have a diplomatic success. He thought he could win it because Kennedy was "inexperienced" and "young". Also Kennedy was proven to be inept. This was proven in the "Bay of Pigs" affair in 1961. In the Bay of Pigs affair, the left-wing Castro took over all of the sugar plantations, which irritated the Americans. ...read more.


In his power struggle, he took the side of the hard-line Stalinists, in favour of traditional heavy industries. This made him popular among colleagues. However, when he had complete control of Russia, he changed his views and took the side of "cotton-dress industrialisation", this meant more emphasis on consumer goods. There was an overthrowing attempt but it fell through. Khrushchev was very devious but he got his own way and there was more emphasis on consumer goods in industry. His main reform was in 1958 when he introduced 105 regional economic councils "the sovnarkhozy". Every sovnarkhoz had to manage the affairs of its region. The sovnarkhozy was just something for Khrushchev to use to hide behind the "metal-eaters". The sovnarkhoz was discarded after Khrushchev's downfall. There were low wages in industry, no overtime but there was no unemployment. This led to over manning in factories. Fourthly, and again most importantly, the Virgin Lands project. When Khrushchev took over, Russia was finding it hard to feed itself, due to a large population increase. ...read more.


Lastly, Was Khrushchev's personality and style to blame for his downfall? Below, I will make a table of his personality positives and negatives. + - Energetic Dynamic Gregarious Good humoured Uncouth Hot tempered Impulsive Foul mouthed Undignified Embarrassing As you can see, the negatives weigh out the positives, his colleagues got particularly tired of him by 1964. I will demonstrate a couple of examples of Khrushchev's behaviour. In 1962, Khrushchev was invited to an art exhibition by Bilyutin. He went into the gallery and inspected the paintings, while inspecting he swore unpleasantly about the work he was looking at and he said, "a donkey could do better with its tail" and "it looks like horse manure". In 1960, Khrushchev attended the UN general assembly in New York. When Prime Minister Macmillan of the UK was speaking, Khrushchev did not agree with him and he took his shoe off and banged it on the table in front of all the leaders. This was very degrading for Russia. All of these reasons played a part in the downfall of Nikita Khrushchev. His colleagues forced him into retirement. He left as leader of the Communist party in late 1964. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lee Bettis 10n Dr White ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree 1950-1999 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree 1950-1999 essays

  1. U.S. - Soviet relations.

    The Atlantic Charter represented the embodiment of Roosevelt's quest for moral justification of American involvement. Presented to the world after the president and Prime Minister Churchill met off the coast of Newfoundland in the summer of 1941, the Charter set forth the common goals that would guide America over the next few years.

  2. When Harold Macmillan said that most of our people have never had it so ...

    to �11 two shillings in 1959, as families started putting money to one side so that they could afford new technological appliances that would make their lives easier and more relaxing. These were new appliances such as televisions, fridges and washing machines.

  1. Communism in China

    By 1934 Mao and his army were surrounded. The only way for Mao to save his following was to retreat. This was the start of the 'Long March'. This march was basically a retreat from Jiangaxi, in southern China, to Shaanxi, in northwest China.

  2. Cuban Missle Crisis

    On July 15th, 1962, Soviet ships containing materials for making surface-to-air and surface-to-surface missiles, as well as nuclear warheads, set out for Cuba from the Black Sea. In what is known as Operation Mongoose, the CIA sends out guerilla tactical teams in the Cuban jungle in hopes of infiltrating Castro's units.

  1. Explain the success and failures of Mao in China

    Mao then called upon the youth to restore China, which involved rebelling against non-communist behaviour of the elders. And on the 16th July 1966 Mao who was aged 72 along with many other young people saw down the River Yangzi, this got a lot of press coverage and signalled Mao return to power.

  2. How Successful was Soviet Foreign Policy under Khrushchev and Brezhnev

    The reason for popular dissent in Eastern Europe at this time was due to Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech' of 1956 in which he denounced Stalin and displayed his hopes for fundamental reform. In October an armed revolt became the consequence of a demonstration in Hungary, after a more liberal government headed by Nagy had come to power.

  1. A study into how much John F. Kennedy was responsible for the ...

    the president but anyone who was involved with the planning on Cuba. Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Former Kennedy special assistant turned historian recalls the influence Bissell had ?we all listened transfixed?in this meeting and other meetings which followed?fascinated by the workings of this superbly clear, organized and articulate intelligence, while

  2. Who are the Chinese Diaspora? Explain this term and explore the contemporary relevance of ...

    ?virtual nation? negating the need for maintenance of sovereignty and super cedes the historical nation-state paradigm as the vehicle for the unification of people. This paper will firstly examine the Chinese Diaspora and its complexities along with the diverse experience found within it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work