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University Degree: Employment Law

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 1
  1. Dressed To Distract

    Lorenzana's lawyer, Jack Tuckner, states, "Does she have to manage her wardrobe so these men can manage their libidos?" He also added that, "Her male bosses and colleagues were acting immaturely". Citigroup has failed to comment on the allegations (NYTIMES, 2010). The U.S. Equal Opportunity Commission (EEOC) defines sexual harassment as "unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature...when submission to or rejection of this conduct explicitly or implicitly Dressed to Distract 3 affects an individual's employment, work performance, or creates a hostile or offensive work environment" (U.S.

    • Word count: 937
  2. Analyse the Effectiveness of the Law in Relation to Affirmative Action as it applies to Women. Affirmative Action laws have greatly increased, statistically, the role of women in the workforce

    Affirmative Action, in theory, as laid out in the Affirmative Action (equal opportunity for women) Act 1986 would eliminate discrimination against women and create equal opportunities. Supporters claim the legislation is reversing past discrimination and natural bias, created from centuries of a male dominated work force, they also argue that using Affirmative Action to place women into high management roles will create role models for future generations, in which Affirmative Action will hopefully not be necessary. One of the primary components of Affirmative Action, however, is that women, when they have equal qualifications etc.

    • Word count: 674
  3. The differences between lexical and inflectional morphology

    As is customary, everything is simple to start with. Lexical morphology is the study of morphological relations among lexemes. Fundamentally it deals with the relationship between complex and simple lexemes. Try, for example, is a simple lexeme, it cannot be broken down into simpler morphological elements. A more complex lexeme would be trying. In addition, there are compound lexemes, an example being swordfish. Different lexemes have separate entries and different definitions in the dictionary.

    • Word count: 349
  4. Taxman V Board of Education of the Township of Piscataway United States Court of Appeals 91 F.3D 1547 (3D Cir. 1996)

    The Defendant (Board of Education of the Township of Piscataway) needed to reduce its faculty by one. New Jersey law strictly enforced layoffs, leaving the school board with no choice except in cases involving faculty members. The Plaintiff (Taxman) a white female business teacher had the same qualifications and was hired on the same day as a black female business teacher. In previous years, when a layoff came about the board had used a random process to determine who would be laid off. In this case, the board decided to use an affirmative action policy as a basis for retaining the black teacher.

    • Word count: 644
  5. There are several things to consider when comparing employment laws between different states. There are costs of hourly wages, the points at which overtime must be considered, amounts of taxes, hiring and firing processes and costs and age requirements.

    The level of minimum wage will affect human resource costs that often are a big part of production costs. The overtime point is different for each of the three states. In Idaho, there is no overtime pay. Employees can work as many hours as employers want them to without getting any increase in pay. In Washington an employer must give overtime pay to any employee who works over a 40-hour workweek. Overtime pay is one and one-half of the regular hourly wages. In California regular overtime rates must be paid for any amount over 8 hours and double the regular wages for over 12 hours a day as well as 40 hours in a workweek.

    • Word count: 558
  6. Explain and give examples of how employees are safeguarded by employment law.

    There are two types of racist act, these are known as indirect and direct. Indirect is when a company might say no Japanese can apply because of their language. Direct racism is when a company might say no red people can apply. The disability discrimination act is that you can't discriminate other people because of their disability. Businesses must provide facilities for the disabled people who apply to work in businesses. Things like: * Lifts * Ramps * Disability car parks * Disability toilets * Automatic doors This would then please the customers at Boots and other businesses.

    • Word count: 664
  7. Employee Rights: How employment law safeguard employees and how the equal opportunities of employees are safeguarded by legislation.

    > In deciding who is offered the job. > In the provision of opportunities for promotion, transfer or training. > In the benefits, facilities or services an employer grants to employees. > In dismissals, redundancy or other unfavourable treatment of employees. Jobs cannot be labelled as 'for men' or 'for women' except in very specific circumstances where the person's sex is considered to be a 'genuine occupational qualification' (e.g. acting) or the work takes places entirely or mostly abroad. The Sex Discrimination Act covers two types of discrimination: > Direct discrimination - unfair treatment because of a person's sex > Indirect discrimination - setting conditions that appear fair but in fact discriminate against one sex The Race Relations Act

    • Word count: 586
  8. Sexual harassment in business America

    The first sexual harassment case was decided by the American Court System under Title VII in 1976. In 1980, after more complaints began to surface, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) issued guidelines as to what constitutes sexual harassment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination on the bases of sex, color, or origin. Still, the public remained almost blind to the subject, until 1991, when the Senate Judiciary Committee held hearings on Anita Hill's charges against Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas.

    • Word count: 802
  9. Employment Law and Equal Opportunities legislation

    Without any of these legislation's in place anyone could get treated unfairly at work. For example; Mr Black went to get a job at a company and was told by Mr White that he couldn't have a job in charge of white people. This would be discrimination because of his colour and Mr Black would be able to take this to court now that the Race Relations Act is in place.

    • Word count: 397
  10. Legal Reasoning Example - of Dacas v Brook Street Bureau (UK) Ltd2 which deals with an appeal against an employment tribunals decision to state that an employee was not actually an employee of the company

    in a similar case, McMeechan v Secretary of State for Employment.[4] In this case it was found that the appellant was entitled to employee status on the basis of his general relationship with the agency. The employment tribunal in reaching their decision considered the terms and conditions of service with the agency, and concluded, on balance, that their overall effect was to give rise to a contract of service. It was also found that the appellant was entitled to be treated as an employee for the engagement during which he worked with the client in respect of whom he claimed payment.

    • Word count: 892

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