How Has The Law Adapted To Changes In Society With Regard To Marriage And Family?

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The law is made to regulate society, and the development is affected by progress, and other changes in society. Whenever there are new changes, the law must also change to keep up with society.

The parliament is elected, by the people and thereby reflects part of the society.

New acts of parliament is often a reaction to changes in society, as is the delegated legislation.

E.g. an act of parliament can originate from a national emergency,crisis or new development, like The Anti-terrorism, Crime and Security Act 2001 after the 9/11 terror attack. 

They can also originate from party manifestos, royal commissions, the Law commissions or a private members bill, all which are  a reflection of the work of the elected parliament, and therefore also the changes in society.

E.g. If a Government minister who introduces a bill, as affected by a change or a need in society, the department regarding this specific area, will publish a green paper, in which he/she outlines the plans, the intention, and seeks advice from organisations that are specialised on the matter or people affected thereby.

Civil servants in the department will summarise the advice, and pass them on to a relevant Minister.

Together they will publish the white paper, which will be the outline of the ideas. The Bill will be written by  parliamentary draftsmen (lawyers), who will use the white paper to do so.

The Bill will have to be passed by the House of Commons and the House of Lords. it has to undergo several stages.

First reading; the Bill is read out, with no debate.

Second reading; The Bill is to be explained by a Minister. Here there will be public attention; press, campaigns etc  for the Bill to go further the majority of MPs must be in favour.

Committee stages; a committee examines and amends.

Report stage; the Bills is reviewed in the House where it started, debate, acceptance or rejection.

Third reading; Final vote, this is a formality as it is very unlikely to be dismissed at this stage.

House of Lords; The House of commons and the House of Lords agree in the final text. It can be sent back to house of commons at this stage, and undergo the stages above in the House of Commons.

The last step is the royal assent, which hasn’t been withheld in recent times.

After the Royal Assent has been given, the Bill is an Act of Parliament.

Creating an act of parliament can be a lengthy process, especially if it is voted against by the House of Lords, having that in mind, adapting to the pace in which technology changes can be challenging.

In some cases the parliament delegates the law-making, also known as the delegated legislation, which is also from changes or motions of society, as orders in council e.g. would be a direct answer to a need  or a change in society.

As well as other types of delegated legislation, there is also case law and EU law.

One thing is clear, whether sufficient or not, the English law seeks to adapt to the changes in society.

The first thing that comes to mind when thinking progress is technological progress, that in itself can have a great affect on the social changes.

Some of the more significant technological changes in society, must be said to be the internet. The internet and the devices on which it is being accessed, is a major technological change in society.

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The internet  among other technological changes, has made the world smaller, and thus, the people who laws are made for and by, has a greater area on which to live.  England has adapted to the globalisation of the society by implementing European law into the English law. Among other laws the Children Act  1989, which changed the social and legal status of the child in society.

The ever growing infrastructure of course plays a great role in making the world, especially Europe small. Taking cases to the European Human rights court in Strasbourg, France when living in the ...

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