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Analysis on Tesss Tragedy Through

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Introduction

Abstract Thomas Hardy is one of the most influential realistic writers in the 19th century who believes that the world is tragic and people cannot surpass the control of their destiny no matter how hard they have tried. He is deeply affected by the theory of fatalism. Most of his works pervade with his theory of "fatalism" and pessimistic emotion, especially in Tess of the d'Urbervilles. The main character Tess has been suffering from a series of coincidences and accidental events in her lifetime which lead to her downfall. This paper aims to analyze the causes of Tess's tragedy through Hardy's fatalism in order to get a better understanding of this famous masterpiece. Key words: Hardy, Fatalism, Tess, Tragedy Contents 1 Introduction 1 2 Hardy and Fatalism 1 2.1 A General introduction to Hardy 1 2.2 Fatalism 2 2.1.1 Origin of Fatalism 2 2.1.2 Main idea of fatalism 3 2.3 Hardy's Fatalism 3 3 Influence of Fatalism on Tess's Tragedy 4 3.1 A general introduction of Tess of the d'Urbervilles 4 3.2 Fatalism Analysis in Tess of the d'Urbervilles 5 3.2.1 Hardy's Fatalism Influence on Tess of the d'Urbervilles 5 3.2.2 The causes of Tess's Tragedy 5 3.3 Influence of Hardy's Writing Style on Tess of the d'Urbervilles 7 4 Conclusion 8 1 Introduction Thomas Hardy was one of the most influential novelists in the Victorian era, as well as a representative of realistic writer in the 19th and 20th century in England. He published nearly twenty novels in his lifetime, most of which were situated and based on the rural life in the southwest England where he had lived for most of his lifetime. ...read more.

Middle

She returned home distained by her neighborhood, but the baby died before long. Upon the pressure, she had to go far away to work as a laborer in a dairy in Talbolthays in order to get rid of her disgraceful experience. There she met Angel, a gentleman from a clergy family full of honesty, integrity and love. The felt in love with each other irresistibly though Tess once had prevented herself form being loved only because of her own unrespectable past. They told each other their own disgraceful experience in the past, but Angel can not forgive Tess even though Tess had forgiven her, so he went to Brazil. After that, Tess had suffered a lot. Because of poverty, she went to another dairy -Port Bredy where she was scorned by the master because of some misunderstanding in the past. What's worse, on account of her father's death and the difficulty of her family's livelihood, she had to return to Alec who was a preacher then for help though she did not want to. But unfortunately, Angel returned back and wanted to be with Tess again. Tess thought that it was Alec whom prevented Angel and her, so she killed Alec and lived peacefully with Angel for five days before she was arrested and hanged. 3.2 Fatalism Analysis in Tess of the d'Urbervilles 3.2.1 Hardy's Fatalism Influence on Tess of the d'Urbervilles As for the causes of Tess's tragedy, most people attributed them to social circumstance, family factor and the character element. It is undoubtedly reasonable that these elements have a substantial effect on Tess' tragedy. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that life was not easy for those poor people even they had tried their hardest, so he always reflected the good, old days in his works to express his regret and explain all this to "fate". "Once individuals conflict with the society in most ways of thinking, the world is destined to be pessimistic". (Casagrade, Peter, 1992) Hardy described vividly many characters who were determined to fight for their own happiness. 4 Conclusion As a realistic writer, Hardy described the perseverance of many common people during the fighting with unfair treating but with a tragic ending, which left us an impression of permission. Hardy put his theory of "fatalism" in most of his works, especially in Tess of the d'Urbervilles. He believed that people were always powerless in one's destiny or some accidental factors no matter how hard they had tried. This seemed somehow pessimistic, but considering the background information at that time, it is not difficult to find out that Hard had tired to seek a proper way to release the poverty-stricken people but failed due to the environment he brought up and the limited attitude. But we cannot hastily draw a conclusion that Hardy's works are meaningless due to the pessimistic opinion in them, instead we should realize that these works revealed not only the powerlessness or fear towards the unknown future world but also the brave confrontation and acceptance. Even though the result may not be satisfactory or tragic, one should still continue going on instead of drawing back. Just like Tess, even she had expected the final result, she tried to fight. ...read more.

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