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As significações do rio em The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn de Mark Twain.

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As significa�es do rio em The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn de Mark Twain Ana Margarida Fernandes 3�Ano Ingl�s/Alem�o 2003/2004 "It is Huck who gives the book style. The River gives the book its form" (T.S.Eliot) Em Huckleberry Finn, o cen�rio exerce grande influ�ncia sobre o car�cter de Huck. A inf�ncia/adolesc�ncia de Huck coincidiu com um per�odo de mudan�a nos EUA. O rio Mississippi funcionou, no s�culo XIX, como a maior "auto-estrada" entre os estados americanos. Os rios eram extremamente valiosos em termos de transporte, comunica��o, mas, a partir de 1840, os caminhos-de-ferro come�aram a ligar cidades importantes, que n�o se encontravam ligadas pelo rio, aumentando gradualmente a sua import�ncia. O rio representa uma forma de vida, um ponto fundamental na estabilidade de uma sociedade, uma identidade. Assim, as hist�rias de Tom Sawyer e Huckleberry Finn s�o tamb�m as hist�rias de uma cultura que existou ao longo das margens deste grande rio. Durante as suas aventuras no rio, Huck e Jim aperceberam-se de que, por causa do seu d�bil estatuto econ�mico, se encontravam dependentes do rio para sobreviver. Essa depend�ncia fez crescer, nomeadamente em Huck, um sentimento de respeito e lealdade para com o rio, e, a maneira como ele fala do rio, mostra claramente os seus sentimentos e agradecimentos a ele. Para eles, o rio � um lugar de liberdade e aventura, f�-los sentir-se livres em redor de uma natureza que lhes permite descansar e relaxar em paz. ...read more.


O facto de Jim evitar que Huck veja o cad�ver do homem assassinado, que �, de facto, o seu pai, faz-nos ver Jim como um adulto inteligente e carinhoso, que tenta proteger Huck. Outro dos perigos do rio � o nevoeiro: "the night got gray and ruther thick, which is the next meanest thing to fog. You can't tell the shape of the river and you can�t see no distance". Por exemplo, no cap�tulo 16, o nevoeiro quase provoca a morte dos dois: "as Jim went overboard on one side and I on the other, she come smashing straight through the raft:" As tempestades tamb�m pairam sobre o rio e amea�am perturbar a vida tranquila nas � guas. No cap�tulo 20, por exemplo, Huck e Jim t�m que enfrentar a tempestade, enquanto que o "Duke" e o "King" se apoderaram das suas camas: "it come on to rain and blow and thunder and lighten like everything". O rio tamb�m � significativo na constru��o de Huck enquanto personagem, mas tamb�m enquanto ser humano. Foi no rio que ele aprendeu a tomar decis�es inteligentes e a confiar no seu bom instinto, em virtude de toda uma s�rie de tenta�es e m�s influ�ncias que encontrou e teve que ultrapassar. Foi no rio que Huck se descobriu a ele pr�prio. � nas margens desse rio, sempre que Huck se aventurava em terra, que a sua identidade ser� redefinida infind�veis vezes. ...read more.


Na canoa n�o h� sons, n�o h� di�logo, o tempo parece suspenso, os dias "slide along so quiet and smooth and lovely". Esta representa��o da vida no rio � claramente rom�ntica; no entanto, � temperada com o conhecimento realista de que, nem mesmo no rio, se pode ignorar e fugir aos problemas do mundo. Passagens Importantes para a descri��o do rio e para a descri��o da rela��o de Huck com o rio: "The river looked miles and miles across." (cap�tulo 7) "the river, big and dark and solid, like a steamboat without any lights" (cap�tulo 7) " The river was a mile wide there, and it always looks pretty on a summer morning." (cap�tulo 8) "drifting down the big, still river" (cap�tulo 12) "It was a monstrous big river here, with the tallest and the thickest kind of timber on both banks; just a solid wall, as well as I could see by the stars." (cap�tulo 15) " We said there wasn't no home like a raft, after all. Other places do seem so cramped up and smothery, but a raft don't. You fell might free and easy and comfortable on a raft:" (cap�tulo 18) "It's lovely to live on a raft." (cap�tulo 19) " the raft was a most uncommon lively place, for there wasn't nothing but sword fighting and rehearsing" (cap�tulo 21) " we went a-sliding down the river, and it did seem so good to be free again and all by ourselves on the big river, and nobody to bother us." (cap�tulo 29) ?? ?? ?? ?? 2 ...read more.

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