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University Degree: Classical Studies

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  1. The Power of Fate in Aeneas Journey. Throughout Virgils Aeneid fate directs the protagonist and hero, Aeneas, via the gods and goddesses.

    Even Juno, the goddess set against Aeneas and the Trojans, cannot prevent him from Fate. Each Divine intervention pushes Aeneas in a different direction; either setting obstacles, putting him back on his path, or getting him out of a situation that could get him killed. For instance, when the Trojans and Latins are preparing to fight, Venus becomes concerned and intercedes: "now I do come, kneeling before the godhead I adore, begging weapons for my Aeneas, a mother for her son!" (254). Venus uses her powers to aid Aeneas and his men because otherwise they would be killed.

    • Word count: 1923
  2. Oedipus and Freud. In exploring Sophocles tragedy, Freud creates his own myth expanding on this through his theory that the origins of the legend of Oedipus lie in primeval dream-material.

    Consequently, Freud establishes that the impact of the Oedipus myth on contemporary audiences lies in the essential 'nature' of the exemplification of this contrast between free will and predestination. For Freud the force of the drama lies with the interpretation of its signifiers and the degree of empathy that Oedipus's fate evokes. The destiny of King Oedipus, Freud argues, 'moves us only because it might have been ours'. He draws on the classical analogy to create kudos for his argument, and uses it to explore psychoanalysis, the status of sex in society and our most fundamental relationships.

    • Word count: 1095
  3. Alcestis. In Euripides play, Alcestis, the chorus serves as a way to observe and comment on progression of the characters, forward the action of the play, and evoke sympathy for the hero in the play. Euripides uses the chorus as the most important elem

    Although they believe he is dignified, they often question his actions. For example, when Herakles comes to Ademtos' house he welcomes him in. The Chorus questions the gesture, "Your wife not dead an hour, and you can bear the thought of entertaining guests?" (Euripides 61). The Chorus, along with the viewer, does not understand how such a seemingly dedicated husband can stand the thought of having a visitor in his home when he is mourning. In this scene, the Chorus also questions Admetos for lying to his guest by not informing Herakles his wife has died.

    • Word count: 1087
  4. Free essay

    What kind of images of himself does Catullus wish to project in his poems? How does he try to persuade us to accept them?

    Moreover, he alludes to the originality of his work, when describing it as a "neat new booklet". Through these techniques, Catullus manages to subtly show us the virtues of his work. The poem is addressed to the poet Cornelius Nepos, which is apt because his work (like Catullus') is not only learned, concise and highly worked, but he is also a Transpadane. By dedicating this introductory poem to Nepos, he, therefore, implies that he is proud of his provincial roots, but also acknowledges the wealth of literary talent that the region had produced, in doing so again indirectly complimenting his own work.

    • Word count: 1856
  5. The analysis of pregnancy in Pietro the Fool and Peruonto

    Both in "Pietro the Fool" and in "Peruonto", the protagonists are granted the power to make any wish come true - in the first case because he has found a magic tuna fish, and in the second case through the power of three fairies. With this power in their hands, both of these characters, true to their titles of fools and "blockheads" (106) wish merely, and solely out of spite, for the young Princesses of their land to become pregnant.

    • Word count: 1052
  6. Poetics

    This is a mouthful but can be understood within the context of literature. Take fictional novels, for example. They allow their readers to experience life as it is perceived-- romantic, adventurous, surprising-- and not as it is known. Everything around us is a "dizzying variety of phenomena" that cannot be perfectly explained (Freeland 139). The only thing that we can make sense of is what we perceive. Therefore, it is not the life around us that maintains a stable ground.

    • Word count: 1500
  7. Asian American term paper

    Army and was sent behind the bars for two years. Once released, he faced challenges not only in society but also within his inner self. To him, he was neither Japanese nor American. He was born biologically as Japanese by his parents but living in American. By answering "no" to the loyalty questions, a part of him wanted to respect his mother but another part of him was scared and felt weak. He felt regret and contradicted against himself. While many people happened to look down on the No-No boys, there were few that felt sympathy for the treatment of the Japanese.

    • Word count: 1554
  8. Macbeth - Witches Induce Evil

    (1.3; 60-64) Banquo wants the witches to state his future. This is evil, for Banquo is telling the witches to disregard Macbeth and pay more attention to him. He is being selfish and not thinking of others, not even thinking of his best friend: Macbeth. Since Banquo told the witches to ignore his best friend, it comes to no surprise when in Act three, Scene one, Banquo suspects Macbeth of murdering King Duncan. In his soliloquy, Banquo affirms his suspicions: "Thou hast it now: King, Cawdor, Glamis, all.

    • Word count: 1472
  9. The Candidates: Who is best for me?

    In one of the three debates with senator Obama senator McCain stated that NCLB was a great thing but quickly went down hill when the government failed to provide the funding needed to make the organization run properly. Senator McCain feels that in order to better education it is going to require that more qualified teacher be hired for each position, that the teachers that we are hiring have the dedication and heart that it takes to push these students as far as possible.

    • Word count: 1171
  10. anthony and cleopatra

    In the text by Plutarch, Life of Antony and the text Civil War by Appain we will see how these historians demonstrate the relationship between Cleopatra and Antony to be to a certain extent bizarre. Plutarch passage shows the first time Antony and Cleopatra spent a great deal of time together during the winter of 41-40 BC. He describes that during the time when they were aimlessly having fun while Fluvia was stuck back at home in Rome trying to keep Antony endeavors alive.

    • Word count: 1432
  11. Phaedo Presents Arguments Both For and Against the Immortality of Soul.

    as sex, because the body only has a negative effect on the soul's gaining of wisdom: "Because the body affords us countless distractions, owing to the nurture it must have; and again, if any illness befall it, they hamper our pursuit of reality." Later in the text a criticism arises from Simmias which contradicts the immortality of the soul by saying that the soul could perish when the body perishes due to the notion that the soul could just be an attunement of the body.

    • Word count: 1228
  12. Arthur Miller - Death of a Salesman

    and Willy's support has a negative effect on him because he is not allowed to focus on the life that he wants to live, he is living a life which Willy wants him to live, he is not allowed to live his own life. Happy is the second Loman son and he is two years younger than Biff and he is the son that does not receive attention form Willy. He is living a life that is free from pressure from his father and he is allowed to fulfil his dream and without the attention.

    • Word count: 1671
  13. To what extent do the archaeological discoveries made at Troy, Mycenae and other sites support the view that the places, people, material objects and values depicted in the Homeric poems are those of a society that actually existed?

    By placing the archaeological site of Troy in its geographical and topographical context using aerial shots, maps and site plans, recognizable features on are identified. The massive curved walls at the site entrance, stone-built theatre, large paved ramp and Troy's first excavator, Schliemann's north/south excavation trench demonstrates the site's complexity (LG 2, p. 25). Unfortunately, major problems arose in interpreting Troy. The long period of habitation resulted in numerous different archaeological layers. Another problem is related to the way in which later settlements used earlier material.

    • Word count: 1981
  14. Imagine that you are writing a study of Paris during the Terror. In an essay of no more than 800 words:

    It is strong because it represents the personal views of Roux and his colleagues in the �nrag�s, at the time of the event. Its main weakness would be that it is only the view of one section of the population. Further research into differing opinions at the time of the Terror would be needed to represent alternative views, these could be, for example documents from the 'femmes sans-coulettes' (Resource Book 2, A21, p71) that could support this source, or a statement from the Convention expressing the reasons they disagreed with Roux's views.

    • Word count: 1010
  15. What attitudes towards the Roman games did the ancient writers express? How would you account for the differences and similarities between these attitudes? Answer in no more than 900 words.

    numbered entrances/exits for the 50,000 spectators and also offered routes to the seating areas via passageways and staircases. The staircases were sequenced to keep spectators moving and both the staircases and passageways were made wide in order to prevent congestion. The arcades provide foyer space for the people to mill around. (DVD1, Track 5) Turning now to the symbolic meaning of the Colosseum, its sheer size and scale suggests it was built to impress the viewing public, yet it does so without being forbidding due to the decorative orders of the fa�ade. The emperor Vespasian wanted to symbolise his wealth, power and generosity to the citizens - the spectators for whom the Colosseum was built.

    • Word count: 1462
  16. For what purposes does Virgil use the supernatural in Book 3 of the Aeneid?

    Rather than indicating possibilities of the doomed nature of this land, Virgil goes on to use Polydorus' supernatural speech as a means of confirming it. This is done in the narration of Polydorus' past experience on the land. Virgil, through this supernatural, gives information about the fall of troy. "He was losing faith in the arms of Troy and saw his city surrounded by besiegers". Also, in Polydorus' speech is the theme of hospitality, which is violated as it leads to the death of Polydorus.

    • Word count: 1324
  17. Greek tragedies often establish free will and fate as the driving forces of the conflict. In Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles,

    His learning of his past leads to his downfall and the outcome of his life. Oedipus was born to king Laius and queen Jacosta. Upon his birth the king is informed by an oracle that their son is going to grow up and murder his father and marry his mother. To protect himself and his wife, the king sends him away to be killed. However, Oedipus is saved by a shepherd and brought to the home of a married couple, who raises him as their own. Years later, while traveling through the countryside, Oedipus is confronted by a man that he ultimately kills.

    • Word count: 1053
  18. The Island is indeed an actor's play, for acting is its central metaphor and idea: acting as a means for the acting out of one

    With the blast of a second whistle, the transfer of sand concludes and a new mime commences. This time John and Winston are handcuffed, joined at the ankles, and forced to run in tandem. A subhuman race is portrayed, "They start to run ... John mumbling a prayer, Winston muttering a rhythm for their three-legged run" Rather than reducing them to despair or turning them into tortured animals, it serves to evoke the very things that raise men above bestiality manifested in John's prayer and manifested in Winston's creating a rhythm so that the two men may with dignity run in unison.

    • Word count: 1834
  19. Evaluate whether Antigone of Sophocles is more a political, or a psychological drama.

    Thus, leaving Creon to live a life of misery because of his blind heart. A political drama can be defined as a play, film, or television programme that has a political component. This can reflect one of two things; the first being the political opinion of the author, and the second being a description of political events. On the other hand, a psychological drama can be defined as a piece of drama, as mentioned in the forms before, that contains elements relating to psychology, and that may have risen from the mind or emotions of the protagonist within the play.

    • Word count: 1548
  20. Is there a "Universal Code of Morality"?

    Voltaire believed "there is but one morality as there is but one geometry". However, one believes that a universal code for morality can barely exist. Moral codes cannot be distinguished from codes put by religion, cultural differences or political interests. Therefore, it will be very difficult to find a universal code that will unite all the ideas, beliefs and principles of all the groups or societies around the world. It is more realistic to believe that morality is based on the beliefs of a group or society, which disagrees with what Voltaire believes.

    • Word count: 1961
  21. "In Oedipus Tyranus, Oedipus is destroyed by his own flawed character." Asses this statement.

    When his parentage was brought into doubt by a guest in his adoptive parent's house, the assurance of his parents would not satisfy him. When the Oracle at Delphi prophesized his future, Oedipus fled what he believed to be his native home to save himself and his family the horror of his destiny. By all appearances, Oedipus is a character decided on controlling his own destiny using the formidable rational capacities afforded to him. His subsequent rescue of Thebes from the plague of the Sphinx is indicative of both his capacity to understand the nature of man, but later points to his lack of understanding of himself.

    • Word count: 1250
  22. Oedipus - Write an analysis of the themes explored in Episode 2.

    This is a major theme in the sense that, with the help of Jocasta's panicking and continual reassurances, it ignites Oedipus' own suspicions about himself, starting his arduous downward spiral. Although the audience is well aware of Oedipus' fate, Sophocles continues on using Jocasta as a tool to deny it. Through her constant reassurances to Oedipus, and disregard to the God's claiming "so much for prophecy" - this blasphemous act shows just how much Jocasta is willing to defend her husband...

    • Word count: 1070
  23. Review of "Antigone," by Sophocles.

    In the opening scene, Antigone tells her sister Ismene of her plan to bury their brother Polynices. Aware of the law forbidding this, Ismene refuses to collaborate with Antigone, trying to convince her sister to abandon the notion. However Antigone remains persistent, saying, "even if I die in the act, that death will be a glory" (Sophocles 63.86). Antigone knew that the violation of this decree was only punishable by death, but she had a strong belief that death in the name of such a cause would somehow immortalize her.

    • Word count: 1296
  24. Jean Anouilhs' play Antigone - Analysis of Major Themes.

    The wine's twice the price there" (Anouilh 28). This suggests to the audience that these guards are not very affluent and that a venture to a luxurious place in not a customary occurrence. Additionally, there are several references to the guards indulging themselves in a card game when extremely disturbing events have just transpired, illustrating that they are indifferent to what occurs around them. For exemplar, after Antigone is hanged and Haemon and Eurydice have committed suicide, "Only the guards are left.

    • Word count: 1368
  25. Fate and the Limitations of Free Will.

    Through Oedipus' protracted journey towards an inevitable end, the ancient Greek viewer notes the impossibility of escaping one's providence. Similarly to Iocasta and Laios unwillingness to accept the message from the gods and attempt to avoid the situation entirely, Oedipus tries to escape the prophecy delivered to him as a young adult. Unaware that by listening to the prophecy he is fulfilling it, he sets forth on a long travel into the unknown. The gods' shrewdness is depicted by their willingness to utilize prophets as the harbinger of the future, while also exploiting them as a tool for expediting the result.

    • Word count: 1394

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