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University Degree: Homer

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  1. Odysseus, An Egotistical Cretan. Odysseus tells Athena, whom he believes is a shepherd, a false account, of how he came to Ithaca, primarily since he needs to keep his identity a secret, familiarize himself with the situation on Ithaca and formulate a pl

    Athena is masquerading as a young man, a shepherd "...like a King's son, all delicately made." and is holding a hunting lance (Fitzgerald Book 13, Page 237, Line 282). From this physical appearance alone Odysseus first knows he is not a lord or royalty as he is a shepherd and obviously would not be out dressing as a shepherd if he were royal or wealthy. He also knows that the shepherd is most likely going to know the immediate area fairly well since he probably lives and tends animals in the region.

    • Word count: 1298
  2. A simile Homer uses twice, the first time to describe Paris, the second time to describe Hektor. In what ways in its immediate context is each use of this simile appropriate to the character and the situation it is illuminating?

    It is clear throughout the poem, when comparing Paris and Hektor, that the ideals, morals and attitudes of one brother is an almost complete contradiction to that of the other brother. Where Hektor is the Warrior, forever bound by the 'hero's code'; by duty and honor, Paris is the Lover, bound only by his own wants and needs, by his vanity and his love for Helen. These differences in personal values are arguable the main sources of the tension and resentment that flourishes between the brothers throughout the progress of 'The Iliad'.

    • Word count: 1430
  3. The Odyssey is an epic tale imbued with the shared challenges and experiences of Odysseus, a lost hero attempting to find his way home, and those of Penelope, the wife he has left behind.

    Prudent and discreet, Penelope exudes wisdom. Overcome with grief while her home is invaded and its substance is depleted by 108 young suitors who hope to attain her as a wife (in effect to promote their own social standing), Penelope makes use of the blessings endowed upon her by the goddess Athene; the blessing of cunning intelligence and the blessing of creative skill. Not wanting to be forced into remarrying, she declares that she will make a shroud for the hero Laertes, (the father of Odysseus)

    • Word count: 2082
  4. In Tennyson's poem 'The Lotus Eaters' how do ideas of realism and nature interweave? Draw on different cultural traditions for that.

    It is this desire of his crewmen that inspired the choric song in the Lotus Eaters by Lord Tennyson. The lotus, or rather the enchantment encountered after eating a lotus is a representation of nature, in the sense that it is the opposite of toil. The lotus-eaters wish to be like the God's 'careless of mankind'. The mariners are tired of 'climbing up the climbing wave' and ask for 'dark death or dreamful ease' the dreamful ease obviously being represented by the lotus, and the stupor felt after eating it.

    • Word count: 916
  5. 'The Simpsons' family and how the makers of the programme have a dissimilar view of American families.

    This also shows us that they are moderately similar in some ways. They are also effortlessly brainwashed by television commercials. From this we can see that television plays an extensive role in not only Homer's life but the rest of the family too. Television has an immense impact on the lives of the Simpsons and most Americans in real life. Homer believes that a pleasant "family growth thing" would be if the whole family would go to the 'Monster Truck Rally' to see Truckasaurus.

    • Word count: 2254
  6. Greek literature

    Yet his journey to the land of the Cyclopes has a greater purpose. It allows the audience to consider another culture with much different civil standards than their own oikos (which in many ways is similar to Ithaca). The Cycloptic culture is that of great indolence and barbarism. Its inhabitants are extremely lazy and live off the livelihood provided to them by Zeus. "[The Cyclopes'] neither plow with their hands no plant anything, but all grow for them without seed-planting, without cultivation, wheat and barley and also grapevines, which yield for them wine of strength, and it is Zeus' rain that waters it for them" (Book IX.

    • Word count: 902
  7. On December 31 1896, a large seagoing tug called the Commodore set sail for the open sea - Author Stephen Crane was on-board as a war correspondent at the time.

    First let us look at how Stephen Crane uses symbolic language in the story of "The Open Boat". Symbolic language is used in the "The Open Boat" to set the tone or the mood, as well as, the setting of the story and gives us insight to the hopeless feeling the men were experiencing while trying to survive after being shipwrecked. For example, "As each slaty wall of water approached, it shut all else from the view of the men in the boat, and it was not difficult to imagine that this particular wave was the final outburst of the ocean, the last effort of the grim water."

    • Word count: 966
  8. Review of The Odyssey by Homer.

    The idea of s****l promiscuity in The Odyssey creates an unfair double standard between its male and female characters. The difference of accepted s****l behavior between gods and goddesses is exemplified in an angry speech given to the gods by the goddess Calypso. When Hermes informs her that the prisoner Odysseus must return home, Calypso becomes frustrated. Oh you vile gods, in jealousy supernal! You hate it when we choose to lie with men - immortal flesh by some dear mortal side... Then Demeter of the tasseled tresses yielded to Iasion, mingling and making love in a furrow three times plowed; but Zeus found out and killed him with a white-hot thunderbolt (Homer 5.124).

    • Word count: 1026
  9. Describe and illustrate what you consider to be the key features of Homers narrative technique. How relevant is the idea of an oral tradition to our appreciation of the Odyssey?

    It clearly allows flexibility in compusure for the bard as the infinitive 'to be' has following forms in Homeric narrative: emen, emmen, emenai, emmenai, einai, each is particular to a period yet each gives different numbers of syllables at the poets disposal thus can adhere to rhythmic structure. Formula frames the Odyssey from the beginning, every repeated expression down to stock scenes and themes that are rcorrent in the same formulaic composition. Origin of the works of Rothe, of Scott and Shewan set out to demonstrate that formulae are found everywhere in Homer and that there must be a common stock from which every epic poet could draw.

    • Word count: 2012
  10. The Hospitality in the Odyssey.

    In return for the wine, the Kyklops promised him a gift. The gift was that he would eat Odysseus last. Even though it does not seem like much of a gift, Kyklops felt like it was a great honor. The only reason that Kyklops was sociable at all was because he desired the wine and Odysseus was the only one that could bring him the wine. The act of kindness had absolutely nothing to do with the idea of being kind, it was all to gain something greater in return. The Aiolia Island belonged to Aiolos Hippotades, the King of the wind.

    • Word count: 721
  11. Two Visits to the Underworld 750 Years Apart: The Odyssey and the Aeneid.

    Now I have a greater appreciation of Virgil's achievement as a great poet, perhaps greater than Homer. I also have a greater appreciation of Homer as a dramatist and master storyteller. Before Odysseus' visit to the underworld, Circe tells Odysseus that the only way he can return home is if he "takes a strange way round and come to the cold home of Death and pale Persephone (p.182)." Odysseus weeps and becomes severely depressed "with no desire to see daylight more" at this suggestion.

    • Word count: 1678
  12. The Journey of Our Lives.

    At the beginning of the book, Chris wanted to go out on a journey to Alaska because he did not want to follow the mold that society had made for him. He thought that his father was trying to pressure him into going to law school to be successful and to get married and to live in a suburban neighborhood with two kids and a golden retriever. Because Chris thought that he did not want to do that, he set out for Alaska to in the wild to try to find his place in the world.

    • Word count: 784
  13. Hecuba: Queen of Troy.

    Hector is standing, waiting for his fate while watching the mightiest warrior of Greece running at full speed towards him. He knows he may not survive this battle, but he is overtaken by grief and anger. At this moment Hector knows he will kill Achilles, or Achilles will kill him, and nothing, not even the gods can change that. And surely, if the gods cannot stop this battle from happening, neither can Hectors mother, while she stands at the top of the walls of Troy, beside her husband, weeping.

    • Word count: 1284
  14. To what extent does Aristophanes attempt to convey a serious political message to his audience in The Frogs?

    Musaeus (medicine), Hesiod (agriculture) and of course Homer (the arts of warfare). The main serious theme is Aristophanes continuation of his campaign for peace; he attacks the current politicians who rejected the offer of peace made by the Spartans after the battle of Arginusae in 406 BC (Cleophon and Cleigenes). On page 181, when the chorus address the audience in the second parabasis, they say "here sit ten thousand men of sense, a very enlightened audience," this source of information has helped to estimate the size of the audience at the drama festivals in the Theatre of Dionysus in Athens, however I think that this sentence also gives us a great deal of information in the task that Aristophanes' has to face to keep this great amount of people amused and entertained.

    • Word count: 960
  15. The Simpsons Analysis.

    Throughout its first 100 episodes, The Simpsons has attracted many celebrity guest voices. These famous guest voices include people such as, Elizabeth Taylor, Paul McCartney, Michelle Pfeiffer, Johnny Carson, Bette Midler, Winona Ryder, Danny DeVito, Glenn Close, The Smashing Pumpkins and Bob Hope. These are just a sample of the wide range of guest voice appearances that have been heard throughout The Simpsons running life. The Simpsons over there last 16 seasons have won many other things than just the hearts and minds of American viewers.

    • Word count: 1329
  16. The Lion King: A Hero's Journey.

    He even takes his best friend and future guide, Nala with him to a graveyard where he is not allowed to see what is there. His father discovers him and tells him not to go looking for trouble because it can be very dangerous (The Lion King). Simba's call is then completed when Scar, his uncle, and the hyenas force him to leave Pride Rock from the death of Mufasa, his father. Simba is thought to have killed his father from Scar, and is haunted by it for a great deal of his life.

    • Word count: 1379
  17. Compare and contrast the theme of "fathers and sons" as depicted in the Bible, The Odyssey, and The Aeneid.

    In "The Odyssey" we see Odysseus' son Telemachus who never really knew his father but knew of his father. For almost his entire life Telemachus has only heard great stories of his father, by those that admired Odysseus and also those that wish him dead (the suitors). This can present a warped view of a person that becomes exaggerated and almost Godly in itself. Telemachus wants so badly to be a great warrior and a great man like that of his father but more than anything I think he wishes just to see him again and to have him around

    • Word count: 1960
  18. The Simpsons.

    He also has a collection of phrases such as "Ay Curamba", "Eat My Shorts", and "Don't Have A Cow Man". From the credits screen of the program we see Bart having detention in a classroom which already gives viewers who have not seen the series before a little information on his character. From the start of The Simpsons you get the impression that Bart is the main character but as the many different series went on and progressed through the nineties, Homer became spotlighted and in my opinion became the main character.

    • Word count: 2051
  19. Book one of the Iliad - short summary

    'Master your great passion' is what Phoinix tells Achilleus at the start of this extract. It is Achilleus 'menis' in response to Agamemnon's treatment of Achilleus which starts off the disastrous battle the Achians recently experienced, which can sometimes be referred to as 'ate' or blindness. This blindness will obviously bring great problems for the hero if he does not learn to control it, so Phoinix's words are a plea, but also a warning about what is to come. He comments on how Achilleus 'should not have a heard that does not forgive'; he wants Achilleus to be the 'bigger man' here, and to show compassion to his friends on the Achian camp.

    • Word count: 936
  20. Path To Freedom

    The underdogs were uncivilized human beings their behaviour was appalling, they were very unhygienic, ruthless, unforgiving and insane people. Kirk had no family and he was fired from work, this was exceptionally upsetting for Kirk. Without thinking, he went to the group centre this was a gigantic glass building where the president held all his conferences, Kirk protested against the laws using violence, he was armed with a gun and aimed for the president but missed and shot one of the president's guards.

    • Word count: 1172
  21. After the divinely swayed Trojans break the truce, Homer compares the wrathfully colliding Greeks and Trojans to the merging of two flooding mountain streams an epic simile that embraces thunderous diction, and rapid imagery to not only create a tone of d

    100-103, p.115-116). She tempts Pandaros with Kleos and the esteem of Paris. However, Athene also protects Menelaos from a fatal wound. Agamemnon not only tends to his brother's wound, but also rallies the Greeks. The Commander-in-chief, "urged them harder on with words spoken" (IV, L. 233, p. 119). In concern for his brother Menelaos, Agamemnon has his wound treated. He also gives an encouraging speech, developing kudos in each of the Greeks' hearts, in preparation for battle. As the skirmish arises, Homer describes the roaring sound of opposing shields and spears. As the battle begins, "Now as the advancing came...they dashed their shields together and their spears...armored men in bronze...sound grew huge of fighting" (IV, L.

    • Word count: 782

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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