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University Degree: Keats

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  1. Themes of joy and sorrow in Keats's poetry

    In the third stanza, the actual world of distress and privation is described. The actual world, as depicted in this stanza, is the world of weariness, fever, and fret, a world where palsy shakes a few sad last grey hairs, and where youth, beauty, and love are transient. This picture of the actual world is in direct opposition to the ecstasy of the nightingale and the golden world of Flora, "Provencal song", and the nightingale's forest as described in the second stanza. Both the ideal abundance of the second stanza and the privation of the third stanza are vividly depicted.

    • Word count: 1035
  2. Free essay

    Analysis of Keats To Autumn

    What most called my attention was the infinite number of images you can imagine by reading it. It seems that john Keats describes what he imagine and while reading it, I can create the picture in my mind, of what he is seeing. To Autumn has three stanzas. Each of three stanzas shows us different time of a day and different time of autumn. I thought this poem exhibited two kinds of progression of time. First is the time of day. The first stanza is the morning with the "mists". The second is late afternoon, when the hot sun is beating down and makes everyone drowsy.

    • Word count: 996
  3. "Keats' Odes are obsessed by the imagination's possibilities and limits." Discuss.

    how can it when I have no nature?"3 The Keats of the poem reflects the changeable nature of the "camelion" poet, recreating himself through the act of writing: "Keats perceives a direct connection between the creative processes of writing and the invention of a self keenly alert to its own fictional status."4 Consequently although the Keats persona in the poems may appear to be rooted in the realities of Keats life and attitudes he must be read with caution for he is as fictional as the worlds he is creating.

    • Word count: 3582
  4. How does Keats present women in his poetry?

    Although it is unknown if Keats ever had s*x, his writing shows his high thoughts about it-"Into her dream he melted, as the rose|Blendeth its odour with the violet"- and this is one of his contradictory thoughts. Although he likes the idea of making love and the perfection of the moment, he understands that it does not, indeed can not last, due to human nature. Love, like the post-coital euphoria, can be broken, and as both are linked with women this is a contradiction, as both states do not really allow for thoughts of ending the situation.

    • Word count: 918
  5. la belle dame sans merci- poetic inspiration or negative female stereotypes?

    By the very name of the ballad people can deem is to be about negative female stereotypes. But on the other hand one can see the knight as a poet that finds poetic inspiration- symbolised in the figure of the woman- and then has it leave him abruptly. Feminists see this as another example of negative stereotyping of women in literature- a manifestation of whatever is happening in a society dominating by patriarchan values. The male sees himself as a victim figure used badly by a wicked, treacherous temptress who uses enchantment to destroy a knight and make him neglect his duties and responsibilities.

    • Word count: 1117
  6. Though frustrated by the mutability of human existance Keats ultimately accepts it

    Through his writing he learns to deal with the mutability of human existence and accepts it. 'When I have fears that may cease to be' was Keats' first Shakespearean sonnet. He is describing three things he is concerned with missing in life. In this poem Keats is expressing his fears, that death will deny him fulfilment. He is anticipating death; this is the reference to change in human existence. He does not want to die before he has written all the poems he aspires to.

    • Word count: 1186
  7. A2 English Literature

    Although the poems share the same name they are remarkably different; whilst Chartier's work belongs to the tradition of courtly love, Keats's own version appears to antagonise the very concept courtly love. In short, the ballad has been read as the story of a seductive and treacherous woman who tempts men away from the real world and leaves them vulnerable, alone, their dreams unfulfilled and their lives cursed. Whilst the ballad is appears superficially simple, it is arguably one of Keats's most difficult poems to fully explain and therefore is subject to many interpretations.

    • Word count: 2062
  8. "Keats characteristically gives visual form to the idea that human life is soon over"Do you agree? You should base your answer on: 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' and a poem of your choice.

    He does this through detailed descriptions of sensation. In both 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' and 'To Autumn' Keats begins with an apostrophe, addressing both with respect. Personifying the Urn, Keats praises it. He calls it the "foster child of... slow time" and this shows the greatness of immortality against the mortality of human life. This comparison highlights Keats belief that human life is too soon over. Keats in 'To Autumn' personifies the autumn, however not for the same reason. He appears contradictory to his attitude in 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' portraying short life as a good thing.

    • Word count: 848
  9. The imaginative journey.

    In Kubla Khan, Coleridge portrays the external geography of 'Xanadu' through juxtaposed images of "sunny pleasure-dome with caves of ice". The contrast of 'holy and enchanted' and 'demon-lover' demonstrates the associative power of the imagination to fuse antithetical entities. The journey portrays the divine act of creation, the landscape being the link between the parallels of Khan's 'Xanadu' and the composer's own journey of creation. Coleridge creates the image of the 'furor poeticus', the divine ecstasy of creative inspiration in its human embodiment: "For he on the honey-dew hath fed.

    • Word count: 1107
  10. Poem Analysis - "Ode to the Confederate Dead"

    Persona stops by the gate of a Confederate graveyard. While there, persona reflects on the Confederate soldiers who have died, and by doing so, is prompted to explore himself on a more intellectual level. Often during the poem persona speaks directly to the Confederate dead, or to their graves; however, upon closer reading, persona is speaking about himself (often in conflict with himself) when speaking to the dead. The subject of the poem is clearly the Confederate soldiers who died in battle, seen and reflected upon through the eyes of persona.

    • Word count: 2900
  11. "In many of his poems Keats starts out from the familiar and everyday but quickly takes off into different territory" - In light of this comment, explore Keats' poetic methods in "Ode to a Nightingale".

    There are two possible lines of interpretation, first; in illustrating a slip from conscious thought, second; in conveying the penetration of another world, its foundation lying in myth. This particular form of imagery remains prevalent throughout the poem, indeed within the subject matter itself: According to legend; Philomena, following her r**e and torture, was transformed into a nightingale. Thus, the creature is traditionally associated with love and suffering, a theme Keats proceeds to expand upon significantly as the ode progresses.

    • Word count: 859
  12. Predominately within Keats poetry one must indeed note the antithetic relationships between reality and ideals, rationality and imagination, physical sensations and logical reasoning.

    It was capable of uncertainties, mysteries and doubts without any irritable seeking after fact and reason. Keats called this 'negative capability'. Unlike his fellow romantic poets, Wordsworth and Coleridge who appeared to be following rational and logical trains of thoughts, Keats refrained from attempting to shape the world or allowing the world to shape you. Keats accepted and loved the world for what it truly was; "Welcome joy and welcome sorrow...fair and foul I love together" Keats is the romantic poet of lush, sensual imagery and in none of his works is this more apparent than in his odes.

    • Word count: 3594
  13. John Keats, "To Sleep".

    It is significant that it seems as if the speaker had given his speech completely out of hand and had passed it to his addressee. It is not his anymore, but "thine" (II,2), i.e. the Sleep's. This indicates that the speaker is willingto give everythingto his addressee- maybe even himself, which is what he would do by falling asleep. This would them mean giving also himself away, devoting hiswhole self to his addressee. Nevertheless there seems to be some deep, underlying, indefineable fear withing the speaker.

    • Word count: 1167
  14. In Martin Heidegger's booklet The Origin of the Work of Art the German philosopher attempts to answer the question of the origin of the work of art which he places on an equal footing with the issue of the essence of art.

    Only then it will be possible to infer what art is from the investigated work. But, to do that, Heidegger continues in a hermeneutic circle, we must already know which things are works of art and which are not. Further, if we can do this successfully, we must already know what art is. Heidegger's reasoning is complicated and can be seen as a logical problem but his intention is to get the reader to think in different orbits, to try not to get around the circle but to break into it in a way that is not completely clear to me. Heidegger asserts that one of a work's more obvious features is its thingly character.

    • Word count: 889
  15. Comparison of Two Poppy Poems By Sylvia Plath.

    This is presumably intentionally contrasted with the second poem "Poppies in July", as this is the time for Poppies. The poppy could be represented as an unexpected gift because of the blistering red colour of them. I found out that the 'July' poem was written just when her marriage was about to break up, so the 'October' one could suggest that this break up was a surprise to her. Both the poems are very short, which suggests not having much to say which could relate to pain and loneliness. The first poem is divided into five parts, each with unequal lines and breaks.

    • Word count: 893
  16. John Keats uses often uses pain and suffering in his poetry and blends this with sensuous delight and pleasure but pain and suffering are not always paradoxically a source of poetic pleasure in his work.

    Stanza two tells the reader four things that should be done when melancholy strikes. Melancholy means "Sadness and gloom" (Makins 339). But before these four solutions to melancholy are given the mood of the stanza is set up with the simile "Like a weeping cloud" (Roe 67). This shows emotion and that melancholy can make you cry. Keats four solutions to melancholy are shown in the final six lines of the stanza. The main idea of them is try to enjoy the bad experiences that follow the good.

    • Word count: 1256
  17. In both Sidney's Astrophel and Stella XXXIX, and Keats' To Sleep, sleep represents this kind of escape for the speakers.

    It is a high-energy group, filled with short phrases ("The poor man's wealth, the prisoner's release") contrasting with longer, more powerful statements ("Of those fierce darts despair at me doth throw"). This especially long series of rhymes illustrates to the listener how utterly consumed Astrophel is with this conflict. The second group of rhymes, consisting of only four verses in the middle of the poem, represents the quiet and the peace the speaker longs for, and which he believes only sleep can provide him.

    • Word count: 1266
  18. Deep sleep allows the body an escape from time, achieving physical and psychological rejuvenation.

    Critic Roy Scheele refers to "woodchuck sleep" as "completely forgetful sleep" (Scheele 148). The speaker is locked into "human sleep" and experiences intense work dreams. The third, fourth, and fifth lines of the poem reflect his shortcomings that are manifested in the intense work dreams. The first is an empty barrel he did not fill. The second is two or three apples he did not pick upon some bough. In the speaker's dream state he obsesses about every single apple he did not harvest. These reflections of his shortcomings represent a lack of personal worth and inability to achieve goals.

    • Word count: 701
  19. Because I could not stop for Death - By Emily Dickinson.

    These five terms, found in Helen Vendler's thirteen ways of exploring a poem, are a good start to analyzing a poem. For a poem cannot simply fit into a definition such as the one above, it must have a feeling that reflects life. Also noteworthy of any poem are the formal elements that affect the meaning. Formal elements such as line and stanza breaks, choice of rhythm and rhyme schemes, and figurative language definitely affect the meaning, and do so in this poem.

    • Word count: 1560
  20. Odes of Keats and Shelley

    and lofty sentiments and thoughts. In short, an ode is rather a grand poem, a full-dress poem" (Cuddon, 650). Because of this, one would expect odes to be very popular in the eighteenth century when poetry was very formal, and so they were. But surprisingly, we find that the ode was a favorite form of a number of Romantics of the nineteenth century, John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley among them.

    • Word count: 313
  21. Explication: Keats, J. To Autumn.

    The season is introduced with the idea of time moving on. The mention of the "maturing sun" is homage to ripening quality but also a comment on the ageing that indicates summer is also coming to a closing stage. By personifying both the sun and its "close bosom friend" (autumn), Keats is alluding to the harmony that exists in the autumn period. The use of the word "bosom" has connotations of a nurturing, maternal quality associated with the mother's breast.

    • Word count: 1405
  22. Both Keats and Frost write about the pleasure and pain of human experience - Choose two poems and compose the ways in which the poets deal with these issues.

    In the first stanza, Keats describes a pleasure so powerful that it pains him, the pleasure in which the nightingale gives Keats it bringing a feel of numbness to the pain of the real world: "My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pain ...as thought of hemlock I had drunk," On the above quotation, we see a description of how the pleasure is so good that it hurts Keats by giving him a heart aches, we know this is because the sentence carry on by explaining that it feels like he has been drink hemlock (A drug drink that allows the drinker to feel no pain.)

    • Word count: 1065
  23. "What we have is a charming fragment of romantic self indulgence in medieval atmosphere, free of the narrative particularity enforced in 'The Eve of St Agnes'," Discuss Brian Stone's comments on Keats's two 'Eve' poems.

    This is probably why Brian Stone describes the poem as a 'fragment' because it is not complete. When a lot of people read a poem or book they want to get to the ending and find out what happens. The readers cannot do this in 'The Eve of St Mark' because Keats did not finish it. This is one of the reasons why I did not thoroughly enjoy the poem. Another factor that made me dislike the poem was the part in Middle English. I found this part harder to read and to understand unlike the rest of the poem.

    • Word count: 928
  24. Analyse the poem 'Ode to a Grecian Urn' and comment on the poetic form and language used and the way they contribute to the meaning and effects of the poem.

    The rhyme scheme is unusual, but Keats breaks the form with this five-part poem. The rhyme pattern is A - B - A - B - C - D - E - D - C - E. There is a pattern of interwoven paradoxes which persist throughout the Ode, contributing to its unity of thought and the development of its main theme (that the Urn has managed to achieve immortality). The first stanza sets the pattern of paradoxes that runs throughout the poem. Firstly in its structure, it is split into two sections - the first four lines are a series of apostrophes, personifying the urn, and addressing it in its special association to silence and time, and the last six are a series of questions.

    • Word count: 1489
  25. Carefully read the poem 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' by John Keats. Write an essay of not more that 1500 words in which you analyse the poem and comment on the poetic form and language used and the way they contribute to the meaning and effects of the poem.

    The ode open with a series of personifications of the Grecian urn, it is a 'still unravish'd bride', a 'foster-child of silence' and a 'Sylvan historian'. These paradoxical images suggest it taking many forms, it can speak yet it is silent. This draws attention to the fact it is art, it will remain static, and it is not a moving consciousness. The first two lines are ended with commas and a ceasural pause interrupts line 3. This allows us to consider the very separate, differing guises of the urn before we move onto yet another metaphor.

    • Word count: 1668

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