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University Degree: James Joyce

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  1. Obsession: A Devastating State

    There must be more money" (399)! Paul and his sisters could always hear it although nobody dared speak it. Paul's obsession with luck and money develops when he inquires to his mother as to why they do not have a car. His mother says it is because they are the poor members of the family and they have no luck. She then explains to Paul that luck is not money; luck is what causes you to have money. Paul confidently boasts, "I'm a lucky person" (400). You can feel the intensity of his desire "seeking inwardly for luck... He wanted luck, he wanted it, he wanted it" (401).

    • Word count: 963
  2. "Paul Crabbe changes from a selfish youth to a sensitive man" Discuss this statement with reference to the relationships that help to change Paul, especially his significant relationship with Keller.

    He was startled as most of the right finger was missing. Instead of ignoring his hands, Paul kept glancing at them, showing discourtesy, which made Keller feel awkward. Paul then went on and asked can you play Liszt without it? This showed that Paul was disrespectful towards Keller. Instead of ending his discourtesy, he decided to propel Keller further, making it seem that he was an expert when it came to music. As the novel and their relationship progressed, Paul became interested in Keller's past life. He was caught stickybeaked looking at Keller's photo's, whilst Keller was out.

    • Word count: 1157
  3. With reference to any two short stories that you have studied in the course, compare and contrast any two characters.

    Both Nicholas and Paul are young boys aged between 8 and 10 years old. Children who are in this age group are usually curious and inquisitive. Nicholas for example, is always curious about how the lumber room is because the room is always sealed from the youth and he can never enter the room under his aunt's supervision. He is also inquisitive when he asks his aunt why he is not allowed to go into the gooseberry garden. Like Nicholas, Paul is also curious and inquisitive. This happens when he keeps asking his mother about luck.

    • Word count: 1069
  4. I choose to compare and contrast Nicholas and Paul's characteristics.

    Nicholas and Paul are curious boys. Saki reveals Nicholas's characteristic when Nicholas is very eager to know what is in the lumber room "...Often and often Nicholas had pictured to himself what the lumber-room might be like, that region that was so carefully sealed from youthful eyes and concerning which no questions were ever answered...". Lawrence describes Paul as a curious son when he searches for the meaning of luck in his conversation with his mother, Hester. "..."Is luck money, mother?"

    • Word count: 1414
  5. What sort of violence is produced by the narratives of religion and politics, their structures and responses and their link to a violent history.

    These are individually unreliable, only when unified can the reader begin to address some of the truths. Also Garcia is not only the narrator but a witness and therefore is unreliable due to his emotional connection with events. Marquez wrote in first person using omniscient third person effects similar to Joyce's, but unfamiliar with the latter Marquez uses a technique of disrupted linear narrative. Marquez writes a chronicle not to unfold a mystery but to hide within it deep subversive feelings towards political and religious bodies, similar to Joyce and more recently Trevor Williams. Through this similarity we see how different due to the violence Marquez's books are.

    • Word count: 881
  6. Snowy dead people - Andrew Walleck.

    named Michael Furey. She then falls into a fitful sleep and Gabriel stays awake to attempt to contemplate. In his own words, Gabriel admits to himself that "He had never felt like that himself towards any woman," and that "he knew such a feeling must be love," (page 152.) This outright acknowledgement of his inability to match what he feels for Greta with what the deceased Michael Furey felt for his wife relates to a larger idea of Gabriel's sterility to outside emotion and lack of devices to cope with any level of interaction beyond the superficial. The elements play a very important role in this story as symbolic of the inner workings of the characters they are involved with.

    • Word count: 1284
  7. The Sins of Adults - In D. H. Lawrence's "The Rocking-Horse Winner" is a young boy, Paul, dies after using his gift to forecast the outcome of horse races.

    If you're lucky you have money. That's why it's better to be born lucky than rich. If you're rich, you may lose your money. But if you're lucky, you will always get more money" (891). This luck that refers to is not the luck that allows a person to live longer, she means luck in a monetary sense. In-turn Paul takes this information and finds a way to be lucky in a monetary sense, horse races. Later on more pressure is put on Paul when he gives five thousand pounds to his mother through the family lawyer and his mother is not happy.

    • Word count: 1078
  8. New Criticism of Short Story Araby by James Joyce.

    The theme of isolation is eminent from the opening paragraphs that describe a dark, quiet street. We are told North Richmond Street "was a quiet street"1 and that the "days of winter became dusk"2 as the story establishes its setting. The references to darkness and emptiness accurately depict the emotion of being physically and mentally isolated and are used by the author throughout the text. Death can be seen as the ultimate form of isolation and loneliness because it separates the person form the rest of the world. This explains the imagery of the dead priest on the opening paragraphs and helps give the piece a tone of isolation and loneliness.

    • Word count: 712
  9. Short story - I have encountered many stories in my life so far.

    I found the story to be very unsettling and somewhat disturbing. First of all, the language and phrasing of the story brought a dark, depressing feeling over me. The first word of the story is 'dead.' This immediately gave me a negative feeling, and I knew that this was not going to be a cheerful, positive story. Throughout the whole story, the phrase, "dead, just like that," was repeated over and over again, repeating the depressing feeling over and over again, and the tone in which the it was said, was very heartless and cold.

    • Word count: 1322
  10. In my essay, I will be writing mainly about Keawe and Paul as they are the main characters in the stories; 'The Bottle Imp' and 'The Rocking Horse Winner'.

    He tests the bottle's powers and then shows it to his friend Lopaka. He then makes a wish for a house just like his uncle and cousin's and gets the house at the loss of his uncle and cousin's lives. After making the Imp appear before him, he then sells the bottle to his friend Lopaka. Keawe then meets a girl named Kokua and she accepts his offer of marriage. Keawe marries Kokua yet he is unhappy due to the fact that he is now in possession of the bottle yet again.

    • Word count: 1774
  11. Led by the Heart

    James Joyce in "Araby" uses situational irony and symbolic imagery in such a way that the ironical situation is complemented by the imagery and thus it becomes an embodiment of the principle theme of the short story. The very title "Araby," starts to fulfill the imagery of romance and one-half of the irony is that it pervades the short story. To the late nineteenth-century European mind, the Arabic lands of North Africa and the Middle East symbolized exotic delights, luxurious sensuality, decadence and escapism.

    • Word count: 1458
  12. “I struggle to keep writing as much as possible in male hands as much as possible as I distrust the feminine in literature.” (T.S. Eliot). Discuss with examples.

    While Joyce is concerned with the male anxieties regarding identity and paternity, ("He proves by algebra that Hamlet's grandson is Shakespeare's grandfather and that he himself is the ghost of his own father"2), he rejects the Freudian obsession with the artist and masculinity by simultaneously examining the feminine psyche. Joyce weaves these two strands in amongst the other elements of Ulysses in an attempt to form a representation of humankind as a whole.

    • Word count: 2357
  13. Of Being Trapped: Male and Female Paralysis in Dubliners

    Now, it's not just the ratio of male to female stories being the main difference, there is also a difference in how Joyce represents the genders in the love-based paralysis. This secondary difference brings to light what Marilyn French discusses in her book Shakespeare's Division of Experience, ?[t]he basic distinction in human social order since the beginning of recorded history has been gender" (11). Paralysis, in all of the stories, presents a great difference in how the love-based paralysis in a woman is presented from how it is presented in a man.

    • Word count: 2382

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