• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Gulliver does not Yahoo: He Houyhnhnms - An Analysis of Gulliver's Travels, Part 4.

Extracts from this document...


In Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, Part 4, Gulliver arrives at the land of the Houyhnhnms, intelligent equine-like creatures who rule the land. Also inhabiting the island are the Yahoos, human-like creatures who serve the Houyhnhnms and are incapable of learning. Unlike his first three voyages, he becomes quite comfortable in Houyhnhnm society, and adapts quite well to the lifestyle of the Houyhnhnms. Throughout this voyage, Gulliver learns a valuable lesson in humanity. Realising the distinct similarities between Yahoos on the island and Humans in European culture, Gulliver becomes disgusted with humans and the human society. Upon his arrival, Gulliver first comes into contact with the Yahoos. Gulliver thinks that the Yahoos are offensive and b*****l; he feels strong antagonism towards them. He then meets the masters of the Yahoos, Houyhnhnms, who are rational and intelligent horses with a highly developed method of communication. ...read more.


He goes through all this trouble because he likes being in the land of the Houyhnhnms, and he fears that if he is found out to be a Yahoo, he will be deported. Gulliver continues to immerse himself in Houyhnhnm culture, learning that their knowledge is traditional due to the lack of an alphabetic structure. He also learns that they have no words to express anything evil in their language and that lying is the cardinal sin. Gulliver finds that his master has difficulty conceptualizing lying, and he simplifies it into being misled. Lying, as far as the Houyhnhnms were concerned, is being led to believe something is short when it is long. Intrigued by this ignorance, Gulliver contrasts the mentality of Houyhnhnms and humans. Lying, a device used to deceive and mislead, is barely understood in Houyhnhnm land, yet "perfectly understood and universally practiced among humans." ...read more.


Due to his nakedness, the similarities in limbs and features between Gulliver and the female Yahoo are exposed. Consequently, Gulliver is banished from the land of the Houyhnhnms because they do not want him living in the house with his master as if he were a Houyhnhnm. Saddened by the fact that he has to leave, Gulliver reluctantly returns to England, where his family has been convinced that he is dead. He is filled with disgust and contempt for humans, convinced that they are nothing but filthy Yahoos. He is even disgusted by his own wife and children, and refuses to consort with them for an entire year. He buys two horses and converses with them for four hours each day. Clearly, Gulliver was impressed with Houyhnhnm society, a society perfect for Houyhnhnms, but hopeless for humans. He cannot exist in Houyhnhnm society because it is devoid of all that is human. Gulliver does not Yahoo: He Houyhnhnms An Analysis of Gulliver's Travels, Part 4 Due: Tuesday 6th April 2004 Camille Y. Gomez @01117935 British Foundation ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Jonathan Swift section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Jonathan Swift essays

  1. How does Swift satirise human behaviour within Book IV of Gulliver's Travels?

    The Houyhnhnms live in a very simplistic way, which, as Donoghue suggests, we cannot understand. Throughout the fourth book Swift shows Gulliver to be stripping down these burdens to become like a Houyhnhnm and remove all that he sees wrong with human society.

  2. Compare book 4 of Gulliver's Travels with the rest of the text.

    Gulliver first visits the land of Lilliput. Gulliver is a normal human being visiting a recognizably European society, but he is twelve times bigger than the land's inhabitants. The Lilliputians are as small morally as they are physically. They are petty and have arguments over aspects of life such as

  1. This paper explains that Gulliver's voyage to the land of the

    Even Brobdingnagian insects leave slimy trails on his food that make eating difficult. On a trip to the frontier, accompanying the royal couple, Gulliver leaves Brobdingnag when his cage is plucked up by an eagle and dropped into the sea.

  2. Gulliver's Travels, Original Sin and the imagery of size

    In his essay Basil Hall offered a cogent challenge to what had become the prevailing view. According to his argument one of the reasons that commentators, beginning with some of Swift's own contemporaries, failed to perceive the importance of Christianity to Swift's literary vision was that Swift's faith belonged to

  1. The importance of the Fens as a surrounding context in Graham Swift's Waterland

    at bay. The idea of telling stories in Waterland is very important as it is a 'fairy-tale land' where the only way to 'outwit reality, is by telling stories.' The characters in the Fens are obsessed with telling stories and finding explanations in order to escape the grim, featureless face of naked existence.

  2. Discuss satire in Jonathan Swift's novel Gulliver's Travels - Part IV.

    What did the Yahoos look like? "Their heads and b*****s were covered in thick hair, some frizzled and others lank; they had beards like goats..." (Swift 237). Shave and clothe them and they look like Europeans. What, then, is the essence of man?

  1. Pope, Swift and the age of reason.

    the fictitious travelogues of Gulliver's Travels, does not ring as optimistic as Pope's Essay on Man.

  2. Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) is quite possibly the greatest satirist inThe history of English literature, ...

    One of Swift's many attackers, Leslie Stephen, assails Him for tracing "every existing evil to the impostures and corruptions. . Of government" (Bloom, Gulliver 33). While parts one, two and three of Gulliver's Travels are written partially as attacks on the Whigs, Swift Only does so because of his allegiance with the Tories, an opposing party.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work