• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Natasha Walters in The Independent asks about Jonathan Franzen's 'The Corrections': Do we care much, in that rushed last chapter that Enid "weathered the downturn" in the markets, that Denise "moved to Brooklyn and went to work in a new res

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ENGL 243 ~ CONTEMPORARY FICTION ~ ESSAY 1 ~ Due 20/08/07 QUESTION 2 ~ The Corrections by Jonathan Franzen CHARLOTTE FRENCH ~ id 300075543 TUTORIAL ~ Mon 11am, Charles The last chapter of Jonathan Franzen's novel The Corrections seems less about final revelations for the characters, and more about Enid gradually coming to accept her children for what they are. Natasha Walters in The Independent asks: Do we care much, in that rushed last chapter that Enid "weathered the downturn" in the markets, that Denise "moved to Brooklyn and went to work in a new restaurant" and that poor old Alfred was installed in "a long-term care facility adjacent to the country club"? (Walters ) The events of this chapter do not seem particularly significant for the lives of all the characters. They are a representation of Enid's acceptance of her life as it has been, her children's' lives, and her acceptance of responsibility for her own happiness. This chapter documents Enid's correction, and while the question of Enid's values is significant in the novel, each of the characters take their own journeys, each of which are given just as much weight as Enid's. 'Correction' is a stock market term for a fall in value, as a result of a previous over-valuation. The value has been 'corrected'. The idea of stock market corrections in the novel does not feature until the last chapter. The corrections are presented as slow in coming, and having finally happened as being of little significance: The correction, when it finally came, was not an overnight bursting of a bubble but a much more gentle let down (Franzen 647). ...read more.

Middle

As a child, Gary was the one who could be relied upon to preserve Enid's illusions that she was being a good parent. He used to pretend to enjoy playing ping-pong with her, believing that terrible harm would come to him when he could no longer preserve his mother's illusions. When it comes to the family Christmas in St. Jude, Gary also preserves his mother's illusions as long as possible. He fails to shatter her illusion by telling her that her grandson Jonah will not be coming to St Jude after all. Gary is also quite destructive in his attempts to win his mother's approval by shattering the illusions that Enid has created about her other children's' lives. Gary has strived for the ideals of marriage and taste and class that his mother has so over-valued throughout his life: He wanted to say to her: Of your three children, my life looks by far the most like yours! I have what you taught me to want! And now that I have it, you disapprove of it! (Franzen 252) Gary has always tried to live by Enid's values. But he does not realise by presenting Enid with an example of just how materialistic their values are, he shatters one of her illusions. The clash of Enid's idea of taste with Caroline's gives Enid another example of Denise's opinion that "some tastes are better than others"(Franzen 113). This incident provokes feelings of inferiority for Enid, and in emphasising how her taste does not align with her children's' it also reminds her that their values do not align with her ideals. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Corrections leads us to care much more about the emotional struggles of the characters, and we are happy that they have emotionally survived their lives so far. As David Gates says: If you don't end up liking each one of Franzen's people, you probably don't like people (Gates 2). As readers, we have developed attachments to the characters of The Corrections. We are glad that Alfred is released from his prison of Parkinson's disease. Glad that the other members of the Lambert family have survived life so far. And we hope that they will continue to survive life's battles. Where the book leaves each one of them doesn't seem all that significant, as long as they go on surviving. Word Count ~ 1801 words including quotes Sources: * Franzen, Jonathan. The Corrections. London: HarperCollinsPublishers, 2001 * Gates, David. "American Gothic" New York Times, Sept 9, 2001. * http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9902EFDE1230F93AA3575AC0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print Date accessed 12/08/07 * Jackson, Anna. "Jonathan Franzen's The Corrections" Lectures 1-4. Accessed via VUW Blackboard, 2007. Date accessed 18/08/07. * Jefferson, Margo. "On writers and writing; There goes the Neighbourhood." New York Times, Nov 25, 2001. * http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F04E173BF936A15752C1A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print Date accessed 13/08/07 * Kakutani, Michiko. "Book of the times; A family portrait as metaphor for the 90's." New York Times, Sept 4, 2001. * http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9506E0DD1639F937A3575AC0A9679C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print Date accessed 13/08/07 * O'Hagan, Andrew. "Everything Must Go!" London Review of Books, Vol 23, No 24, Dec 13, 2001. * http://www.lrb.co.uk/v23/n24/print/ohag01_.html Date accessed 15/08/07 * Tait, Theo. "Lifestyle flavours." The Times Literary Supplement, Dec 21, 2001. * http://tls.timesonline.co.uk/printFriendly/0,,2180-23194-1931965-2... * Date accessed 15/08/07 * Walter, Natasha. "Ticks and crosses of a family at war." The Independent, Nov 23, 2001. http://arts.independent.co.uk/books/reviews/article207251.ece * Date accessed 18/08/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Other Authors essays

  1. Nancy Mairs Essay Synthesis of Mairs Three Essays on the Argument for the ...

    Most of the books and essays that she writes and all the literary awards that she has won in her life stem from her writing about her experiences of living a hard life. If it were not for he having MS she may have never had the motivation to put forth these unique views on hardship on paper.

  2. "A Good Man Is Hard To Find" by Flannery OConnor. A Literary Analysis

    led into the woods to be killed, his eyes are described as "blue and intense". After they hear the gunshots that signal the deaths of Bailey and John Wesley, The Mother and June Stars' eyes are "glassy". After he kills The Grandmother and removes his glasses, "The Misfit's eyes were red-rimmed and pale and defenseless-looking" (O'Connor 116).

  1. Examine the figure of the outsider in any contemporary British work of fiction.

    Faraday's influence as the voice of reason is key to both the Ayres family and the reader. As a Doctor, a respected 'outsider', his opinion is valued highly, and resultantly he is heavily involved in the decisions the family make.

  2. How, why, and to what effect do contemporary British fictions depict times other than ...

    child; the narrative shift that takes places allows O'Flynn to expand upon this and employ many different perspectives. The adventures of a child and her toy monkey, on the surface at least, contrast greatly with the musings of Kurt and Lisa and the satires of the consumerism culture that follows.

  1. Gail Jones, Sixty Lights, set in Australia, India and England in the 19th Century, ...

    mirrored in human understanding of it, but rather, is constructed as the mind tries to understand its own particular and personal reality. For this reason, postmodernism is highly skeptical of explanations which claim to be valid for all groups, cultures, traditions, or races, and instead focuses on the relative truths of each person.

  2. With reference to Judith Butler's Precarious Lives, explain how Chris Abani's novel The Virgin ...

    All of this maintains a system of grief whereby the American way of life is superior and other lives are in some way less humane, thus less grievable. However, Abani emphases the fact that the four mysteries are composed of different ?steps? signalling that he is aware that inequalities exist

  1. Analysing Four American Short Stories - Joyce Carol Oates: Capital Punishment (1992)

    Second paragraph, page 173; ?I heard my mother saying, ?Wait till Laird gets a little bigger, then you?ll have a real help.?? To the father. As if the daughter?s help isn?t sufficient, that Laird would be more of a help because he is male and would get bigger and stronger than his sister.

  2. Is Kalinda Ashtons The Danger Game an example of post-grunge? How?

    Leap the puddles of water, outpace the boys hovering in the corner with a joint. The world's beginning and ending..." (Ashton, 2009) Again, similar to Jeremy?s character, Ashton has intertwined grunge themes (drugs, anger, mental illness) with modern writing techniques.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work