• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the relationship of the present-at-hand to the ready-to-hand? How is the present-at hand prior? How is the ready-to-hand prior?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Vincent M. Entac GSI: Forrest Tues. 1400 Philosophy 185 Heidegger's Being and Time Topic #1: What is the relationship of the present-at-hand to the ready-to-hand? How is the present-at hand prior? How is the ready-to-hand prior? The relationship between present-at-hand and ready-to-hand is based in Heidegger's concept of "equipment" and Being's relationship to it. Present-at-hand and ready-to hand are both modes of being, in which equipment plays an important role. In our most basic way of dealing with things we deal with them as equipment. "Equipment is essentially in-order-to...", that is to say that equipment, in and of itself, is something to be used in-order-to.1 An example of this is my keyboard; I'm using it in-order-to write my paper. This idea of something in-order-to is essential to equipment, and to the understanding of the relationship between ready-to-hand and present-at-hand. The thing that is important here is the nature of equipment. Equipment's essence is fundamentally towards other equipment. Whereby equipment is what it is only by its relationship to other equipment. "Equipment... always is in terms of its belonging to other equipment."2 An example is a screwdriver is only a screwdriver because of its relationship to screws. The screwdriver has an in-order-to, which is in-order-to screw or unscrew. But in-order-to screw or unscrew one would have to possess not only the screwdriver, but a screw also. ...read more.

Middle

Its conspicuousness would disappear, and the hammer would come into one's awareness. Moreover, the hammer would be brought into the presence of our attention and become present-at-hand. It is this interplay of ready-to-hand to present-at-hand, and vice versa that creates a relationship. The relationship of the two modes becomes apparent then. In one mode, namely the ready-to-hand an object, or piece of equipment, is being utilized as what it is supposed to be used for. Therefore, the ready-to-hand is more of the practical application of an object. Whereas the present-at-hand comes when one is examining, reflecting upon, or brings into theoretical concern a given object. This is important because since the time of Plato, philosophers have privileged the theoretical way we look at the world over the everyday we live in the world. They have privileged the present-at-hand over the ready-to-hand because they either don't see a relationship between the two modes, or don't think that it is important. The relationship is that there are two ways of dealing with the world, practically and theoretically, and that both ways are important, in and of themselves. In addition, these two modes of being are related through Dasein's dealings with the world, in that without these two modes the world would not be intelligible. ...read more.

Conclusion

In a natural state Dasein deals with the world as ready-to-hand in that it sees and uses equipment as what it is for, within a referential totality. When objects present a problem for Dasein, the ready-to-handness of the world changes to present-at-hand. Dasein brings the problem into presence in order to be examined, and thus the present-at-hand. In that way it can be said that the present-at-hand is an abstract view that emerges only when something is presented as a problem to be examined. This being said, present-at-hand is a secondary way of dealing with the world. The primary way is that of ready-to-hand which is how we deal with the world on a day-to-day basis. 1Heidegger, Being and Time (trans. John Macquarrie & Edward Robinson; Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 1962), 97. 2 Ibid., 97. 3 Ibid., 107. 4 Rick Canedo, http://ist-socrates.berkeley.edu/~ricksweb/index_files/technicalterms.htm 5 Manipulation, and manipulability are important because by using a piece of equipment for what it is supposed to be used for, it shows the manipulability of that equipment. "The hammering itself uncovers the specific 'manipulability' of the hammer." This in turn will lead to what Heidegger calls ready-to-hand. 6 Ibid., 98. 7 Ibid., 107. 8 "When its usability is thus discovered, equipment becomes conspicuous." (Being and Time, pg 102) 9 Ibid., pg. 147. 10 Ibid., pg 98. The same concept of the "referential totality" of equipment as it applies to Dasein. 11 Ibid., pg 121. "... ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Charles Dickens section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Charles Dickens essays

  1. A Christmas Carol - My essay is about Scrooge who changes from a good ...

    Scrooge is very unhappy. Everyone's opinion about him is bad, therefor he feels bad. They were now outside and the ghost started walking away. Scrooge ran after him and said where are you going. The ghost of Christmas future will visit you, then the ghost of Christmas present vanished.

  2. Discuss the figure of the 'gentleman' in Dickens' 'Great Expectations', contextualising the novel as ...

    repulsive as Drummle severely damages Pip's romantic notion that those of the highest social status are also of the highest value. However, hat provides the terminal blow to this foolish concept is the revelation that the lowly convict who he helped escape when he was a child is also the

  1. Bakhtin claims that chronotopes "are the organising centres for the fundamental narrative events of ...

    He argues that the functions, the characters and their associated roles, make up the "basic elements of the narrative"19. Hence, both theories highlight the significance of meeting to the structuring of the novel. However Prop questions the idea of chance.

  2. "How does Charles Dickens in the early part of Oliver Twist use the character ...

    A lot of intoxicated men and drug addicts were out in the open lose to do as they pleased, Oliver could have also got molested. On one of Jack Dawkins travels also known as the Artful Doger an employee of Fagin he caught his eye on Oliver.

  1. What appeared to you to be Dickens' major concern in 'Hard Times?' How does ...

    The reader can relate to Stephen as a character because he holds the most admirable human qualities.

  2. Does the nineteenth century social problem novel document reality in order to educate readers?

    periodical magazine and the availability of cheap editions of books, it cannot be denied that the large majority of the country was illiterate, and reading was still a leisure activity reserved for the middle and upper classes. The average reader of the 1840s would not have had ready access to

  1. "How does Dickens teach both Scrooge and the reader a moral lesson in "A ...

    "The common welfare was my business; charity, mercy, for bearance and benevolence, were, all my business." When Marley says this he is warning Scrooge to start think of others, other than him or he would become more like Marley, an eerie shadow, chained and bound, destined to wander the earth for eternity.

  2. The Theme of Industrialization in Carlyle and Dickens

    and human work has been replaced by the "speedier, inanimate one".4 While appreciating the development in the physical power of mankind and the comfort they achieved through the wealth gained by industrialization, Carlyle warns that this wealth is being gathered in the hands of rich classes, making the gap between the rich and the poor more and more wide.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work