• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why and how do writers of English Literary and playful texts "break the rules of" English?

Extracts from this document...


Why and how do writers of English Literary and playful texts "break the rules of" English? After having defined the terms "playful and literary", I will then look briefly at foregrounding and the classification of the English Language. Then rhyme, rhythm and repletion would be examined followed by how writers break syntactic rules to show thought process. This will be followed by literary usage of the metaphor, collocation and iconicity. Then I will examine playful text in relation to graffiti, newspapers and advertising. Literary and playful usage of language is different from that of everyday language in that it draws attention to the language itself. Writers achieve this by being creative, original and imaginative. Moreover, by "skilfully manipulating language to create patterns and usage" to express ideas, which draws the readers giving them an original insight into the world of the writer. (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 198) Writers of literary and playful text use language to draw attention to it by way of surprising the reader into an original perception of the language and the subject matter. This according to the Russian formalists is foregrounding (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. ...read more.


By doing this, he foregrounds the reader into an innovative outlook and the reader receives the impression that there is no escaping from the fog; it is all invasive invading the countryside, the social, cultural and political environment. (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p.167) Another distinctive feature of literary usage is the metaphor and collocation. Metaphors are comparisons that are not made explicit. They exploit the meanings of words and "are slipped into "the sentence (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p.165). The rules of English are broken by the metaphor by playing on the various meanings of a word and the paradigmatic relationship of a word. As in the use of "burning" and "burnt" in Blake's The Tyger the words not only refer to the eyes of the Tyger but also to the furnace and the stars when speared are also burning too such an extent that they water the heaven with their tears. "Collocation refers to the combining tendencies of words" (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p.169) that is, the relationship words have with each other, the meanings that are associated with words and in the context that they are normally used. ...read more.


"Belly Nice (model Naomi Campbell with bare stomach), Wedding Prez (President Clinton unexpectedly attends a wedding)" (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p.217). They by virtue of being tabloid newspapers need to capture the readers' attention quickly and be able to express in a short headline the nature of the article. Therefore, by using headlines like "Belly Nice" they play on the phrase "very nice" in referring to the bare stomach and associating it to her second name Campbell. Another area that breaks the rules of English in a playful way is advertising. Advertising uses all the literary techniques of foregrounding to sell the product, image or idea. In the P&O advertisement, the text is simple; it has rhyme, rhythm and repetition, and seems at first glance to be a simple, child's first reader. However, each line does not have the object. It is only at the end that one realises that the last word is the object of the previous lines. In conclusion after having looked at the various distinctive features of literary and playful usage of text one can see that writers, poets, graffiti writers, journalist and the advertisers use and break the rules of English to foreground there ideas in a creative, original and imaginative way. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Blake section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Blake essays

  1. Discuss Wordsworth's Prelude in relation to ONE OR MORE of the following: spots of ...

    With his contemporaries he believed that everything was now possible, and that the example of the French Revolution was the best hope for beleaguered humanity, and that he was living in a time of promise of renewal for the whole world.

  2. Explain how Blake uses imagery, form and language in these poems to express his ...

    to the children and helps keep their dreams of a good life open. This is shown when Blake writes that an angel, God's messenger, "open'd the coffins & set them all free" which could be interpreted as God releasing the children of their harsh lives into heaven.

  1. Discuss the way Graham Greene's use of childhood informs your reading of the short ...

    The reader doesn't know if he turns into an adult, perhaps he doesn't enter the world, however he may be affected as he has seen it. 'The Innocent' differs from the other stories, as it shows how childhood can have an affect on adulthood.

  2. Free essay

    Carefully read the poem 'Washing Day' by Anna Laetitia Barbauld. Write an essay of ...

    The positioning of the caesura creating an extended pause in lines 25 and 27 prior to citing many of the other potential disasters which can befall women on washing-day (dirt and gravel stains, downed lines and toppled clothes horses), enhances the sense of dread.

  1. William Blake was one of the first romantic poets, writing during the French and ...

    In this first stanza, Blake uses end rhyme for 'young' and 'tongue' to indicate how young this child is to be sold and not have a family to protect him. ''weep!' 'weep!' 'weep!' 'weep!'' is repeated and followed by exclamation marks to emphasise how awful that 'weep!'

  2. How does William Blake use his work to show his disapproval of the society ...

    'I happy am' shows the pure state of happiness the baby has been born into and has been able to keep. The adult is trying to gain control and have power by trying to find a name, and the use of question marks shows the adult is attempting to penetrate the baby's stubbornness.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work