Describe and discuss the structure of attitudes and how attitudes are acquired.

Describe and discuss the structure of attitudes and how attitudes are acquired. Colin Crumpler, 191318, 8/12/02 One of the most discussed and central topics of social psychology is the subject of attitude. Attitudes are in play all the time throughout our lives and have an impact on our perception, thinking and behavior. Many definitions of attitude have been used, however a good one for defining attitude is as follows: 'An attitude is a psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favor or disfavor' (Eagly & Chaiken, 1998). Firstly the structure of the attitude will be discussed with reference to the components of attitudes and then onto the structure of attitudes. The causes of attitudes will then be looked into, discussing the areas of cognitive information, direct experience, conditioning and biological influences. Two explanations for the structure of attitudes are the one-component model and the two-component model. The simplest explanation is the one-component model and was the idea put forward in the 1950s originally by Edwards in 1957 yet has re-emerged recently. The idea is that an attitude is an affective evaluation or response to positive or negative stimuli. Attitudes put forward in 1981: 'The term attitude should be used to refer to a general, enduring positive or negative feeling about some person,

  • Word count: 1650
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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The aim of this report is to outline what exactly are GNU and the free software foundation.

OPERATING SYSTEMS ASSIGNMENT INTRODUCTION The aim of this report is to outline what exactly are GNU and the free software foundation. All research has been carried out on the Internet. The topics that will help me discuss these subjects are: o What are GNU and the Free Software Foundation (FSF)? o Brief history of GNU and the Free Software Foundation. o Advantages and Disadvantages of using GNU. o How can you contribute? GNU AND THE FSF The GNU Project was launched in 1984 to develop an operating system that is similar to UNIX, but this would be free software. GNU was created so that users can have the freedom to share and improve the software they use on their computers. GNU is a recursive acronym for 'GNU's Not Unix', it is pronounced "guh-new". The goal of the GNU system was to give users freedom, so terms of distribution were used to prevent the GNU software from being turned into proprietary software. The method used was called 'copyleft'. Copyleft uses the same law as copyright but instead of privatizing software it becomes a mean of keeping software free. It gives everyone permission to run, copy, modify and distribute modified versions but not permission to add restrictions of their own. The GNU project is not limited to just operating systems, it provides a whole spectrum of software. This includes application software and recreational software

  • Word count: 1329
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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software basics

Software basics Software provides the communication link between humans and their computers. Software may be divided into two distinct types: system software and application software, but most software falls into one of the three broad categories: compilers and other translator programs, software application, and system software. Compilers and other translator programs Computers use a language not English and so have to be translated into its language such as visual basic, C++. A compiler is therefore a tool used in translating English language into computer language. Software application Application software is the name given to software that allows the computer to be applied to a particular problem. Such software is therefore used for a specific purpose or application. It gives the opportunity to people who are not deep into programming to manage and control computers without thinking like programmers. There is a variety of issues a customer should consider before deciding which option to choose when a software solution is required. A clear documentation: printed documentation is usually enclosed when software is bought. It includes instructions on how to install the software on the computer hard disk. This is now replaced by tutorials and help files which can be updated online. Support tends to be better because suppliers are able to cope with higher support costs.

  • Word count: 1306
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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A Report On Software Quality.

A Report On Software Quality Submitted By:- << Your Name Goes Here>> Table of Contents * Introduction * More on Software Quality .. * Conclusion Introduction "Quality of software product is often described in vague and broad terms. As a consequence it makes it difficult for software engineers and users to determine how quality influences their assignment and it is almost impossible for test engineers to evaluate the quality of the software product as no concrete and quantitative reference, of what quality in that context means, exists. Hence a possible way to define and measure software product quality is required. The expert designers and system analysts in general apply several methods of quality control during the differenct stages of the development of softwares." More on Software Quality... 'Software quality' is gaining its due importance. Many people think of the phrase as an contradiction, much like 'military intelligence' and 'obedient teenager'. Flawed software is widely believed to be the reason for several spectacular mission failures. The most recent of these being NASA's Mars Observer, which became silent, just three days before it was scheduled to enter its orbit around that planet. Software quality is real. The challenge lies in measuring this intangible feature, so that it can be controlled and improved. And the smart thing to do when

  • Word count: 1288
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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Comparison between documents collected from three different organisations.

Introduction I have collected six documents from three different organisations, two from each. I collected them contacting these different organisations and asking for the various documents ie. an application form and an invoice. The three organisations I used were, 'The State University Of New Jersey', 'Business serve' and 'Wyeth'. For the purpose of this document they will be lettered 'A' 'B' and 'C' in the order previously mentioned. Organisation 'A' is a university in America; I collected the documents by emailing them. Organisation 'B' is a business dealing in electrics, I visited them in order to collect the documents. Organisation 'C' is a pharmacist. Looking at these documents I have determined many differences and similarities. Application forms I have carefully analysed the three application forms. The main purpose of an application form is to retrieve information from potential employees. By having your own application form one can specify the questions to match the criteria needed, however not all application forms are to recruit new staff. The purpose of 'A' is an application form for entering a university. Both 'B' and 'C' are recruiting staff. Although the basic formats of all three forms are similar in the way there are questions presented to the reader, the reader then answers the questions in the space provided. The layout and context are very different

  • Word count: 1181
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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Critique: An Approach to Software Product Testing (CarlosMunoz) Submitted by: - Abhishek Das (2003002) During the development of a software,with a special look at the always growing complexity of the softwares, themanagement of the quality of the s...

Critique: An Approach to Software Product Testing (Carlos Munoz) Submitted by: - Abhishek Das (2003002) During the development of a software, with a special look at the always growing complexity of the softwares, the management of the quality of the softwares gets an always bigger role. The key element of the software quality management is the product testing. This paper takes us through an ingenious approach suggested by the author. The author bases the paper on the presence of test case generators for generation of random test cases. The author tries to drive in the point of the effectiveness of correctness measurement by way of some hypothetical tables and by comparing it to other approaches. The article also talks about the defect detection and identification using two methods stating the situations in which both are used (viz. extensive & adaptive). The article also suggests that the product testing and productivity of the software are interconnected and cannot be dealt in isolation. The article clearly suggests the futility of assurance offered by various testing methods. Since 100% correctness is unviable most of the times it is important to know the degree of correctness of a program and to baptize the program as far as possible in the most cost effective manner. This is where the author has successfully gelled in the concept of correctness measurement. He suggests

  • Word count: 1173
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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We are required to develop a new version of a widely used word-processing software for an international organization.

Software Engineering 1 Assignment # 1 Submitted By: Hina Khan Roll #: BCSS03A027 Section: Afternoon 'A' Problem # 1 We are required to develop a new version of a widely used word-processing software for an international organization. Tight deadlines are drawn. This software can be divided into components as well as incremented. Risks are being handled implicitly. Process Model: I would go for the Rapid Application Model (RAD) model for the given situation. Assumptions: . Time factor is a problem. Because of the competition, deadlines are quite tight. 2. There are not any risk factors involved. 3. Customer requirements are well understood 4. All the necessary information is provided by the customer. 5. There are no problems, concerning proper RAD teams. Reasons: I would like to go for RAD model for the software development because of the following reasons: . RAD model emphasizes extremely short development cycle. 2. The project is not that large and complex. 3. Software can be properly modularized- And RAD is a component based software model. 4. Each major function can be addressed by a separate RAD team and then integrated to form the whole software. 5. Customer's requirement states that new generation version is needed- RAD uses the latest fourth generation techniques for the development of a software. 6. Time

  • Word count: 1062
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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The History of Software Industry.

Chapter 3 The History of Software Industry 3.1 Introduction In recent years, the development of the computerising on management of the China enterprise is speeding, especially the giant ones, which begin to utilise information technology to improve managing method, boost the efficiency and increase the performance. During the implementation of the ERP system, more and more SMEs also use the software on finance and business management, this results in the expansion of the management software market. According to the stastics, the sales revenue of domestic software is 25.8 billion RMB in fiscal year 1997; 35.1 billion RMB in 1998, increase 36%; in 1999 this figure is 48 billion RMB, the software includes: MPRII/ERP system, financial management, business management, HRM etc. Until now, the China software has been developing for 10 years, it can be divided into four stages: accounting, financial management, enterprise management, total management. 3.2 Chinese Market In the domestic market, the management software begins from 1990s and it is not so successful, some software manufacturer researched in the enterprise management software in light of the model: MPRII, but the sales can not compare with the financial software in the past. On 26th June, 1998, the members of China Software Industry League gave the press conference to declare the R&D and distribution of management

  • Word count: 940
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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Critical Evaluation of a Multimedia Application

Critical Evaluation of a Multimedia Application Animated Beginning Phonics Critical Evaluation Multimedia Application Animated Beginning Typing Application Name: Animated beginning phonics Introduction A multimedia application designed for beginning readers aged 4-8 users to understand upper and lower case letters, beginning and ending sounds, middle short vowels sounds and beginning reading words. Application designed using a sound, text, animated objects. It also features with more than 200 3D objects and help also available for user. All menu items and directions are interactive this will help the pre-readers to navigate and operate the program. If user solve a certain number problems it will rewarded by a game. The game room has a parent/teacher control which controls number of problems user have to solve before going to a game room. Description The application contains 8 problem solving tasks which link by main menu page. Main navigational buttons placed bottom of the screen every screen consists with a Directions button, Help button and a Quit button. When user clicks on the directions button voice message plays and explain how to solve the problem in each screen. On help screen (which is one help screen throughout the application) explains, how each letter pronounce by a voice message. When user clicks the Quit button a message box will displays and ask user

  • Word count: 898
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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Complete Section 2 of 3

Riordan Manufacturing | Individual Assignment 2 of 3 | Analyze HR System University of Phoenix Application architecture and process design What type of system/application are you proposing to solve the problem? I am proposing an all in one (AIO) Human Resource Information Management system that includes online solution for the data entry, data tracking, and data information needs of the Human Resources, payroll, management, and accounting functions within Riordan Manufacturing plant locations. We want your Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) to have the capabilities you need in every location of your company. Characteristically, the more sophisticated the Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) offers: * Administration of all employee information. * Report generator * Company documents; employee handbooks, emergency evacuation procedures, and safety procedures. * Full payroll and financial software for accounting systems. * New hire information, application and resume management. (Heartfield, ) If you were wondering how does the applications perform I would refer you to the most effective qualifications. They help track time off, PTO, most recent promotions. Other performance options are: * pay grades and positions held, * training received, * disciplinary action / reviews * individual employee information * management and significant employee

  • Word count: 867
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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