Operations in a shuttle loom

The first operation in a shuttle loom is called shedding. This is where a gap is created in the warp so that the weft can go straight in through the gap. A hield frame is used to shed the warp, which only contains one yarn. So what happens is all the odd number warps would rise above the even number warps so that weft insertion could take place. The gap between the odd and even warps is known as the shed. There are three frames for odd warps and three frames for even warps.

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The second operation is known as picking which is basically weft insertion. This is where the weft goes through the shed. A shuttle is used for picking which keeps going from one side to the other side of the fabric through the shed. The edge of the fabric is known as the selvedge, which is very strong, which is important so the fabric does not become frayed. There is a bristle inside of the shuttle, which stops the yarn becoming loose. This is important as if the yarn becomes loose it can lead to knots which would slow down ...

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