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Sexual attitudes and lifestyles.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a) Please give details of the research on which you are reporting

Title: Sexual attitudes and lifestyles

Author(s): Anne M. Johnson, Jane Wadsworth, Kaye Wellings, and Julia Field

Date of publication/completion: 1994

Publisher or source:

b) Outline of the Research design (210-300 words)

You should state the objective of your chosen piece of research, and use this section to outline how the researcher/s carried out their research. You should describe the aims of the research and the research methods that were used. (You may wish to consider sample size, access to sample, ethics etc.)

Johnson et al aimed to research sexual behaviour due to the emergence of AIDS in the 1980s. Before this study, the study of sexual behaviour was much neglected due to attitudes towards it. The Conservative government declined to finance the survey due its belief that personal business should be ‘kept behind closed doors’. People working in the fields of fertility, sexual health and education were hindered in their work by the shortage of data. Luckily the ‘Wellcome Trust’ funded the research.  

With the emergence of the AIDS epidemic, up-to-date research was required. This study was the largest and most comprehensive survey of sexual behaviour ever conducted.

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Middle

(365 words)

c) Reasons for selection of research design (250-300 words)

Use this section to outline why the researcher/s chose the methodology outlined above. You should explain why the methodology was thought suitable for achieving the kind of data required by the researcher/s

The decisions about the methods of data collection were centred on the nature, breadth and complexity of the information required. The information needed, about sexual behaviour from the subjects, was sensitive and of a personal nature. This meant that the respondents would need to be convinced of the necessity of the information before they would commit themselves fully. A 1-2-1 interview was chosen as it allowed interviewers to explain the research fully and reassure the interviewee. This would be harder to achieve when using a postal survey or over the phone.

The planned length of an interview being just under an hour for a quarter of the sample and 40-45 minutes for the remainder of the sample would be more acceptable for face-to-face interviews rather than postal or telephone surveys. The information needed was of a large amount and therefore a personal interviewing technique was chosen.

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Conclusion

One criticism of the study was that it explored people’s personal lives and their sexual lifestyles. That was one of the main reasons the piece of research lacked government funding. Also it didn’t involve the whole of the sexually active persons in Britain. This is not really a fault of the survey as its aims were to explore people’s sexual lifestyles and habits; it was also to the gain of the population in the long run as it has given more awareness of STD’s.

The study contains valid findings and it fulfils its aim to give insight into people’s sexual activity and had helped to provide sound data on links with sexual behaviour and STD’s. It has helped those that work in sexual health, sex education and those that work in fertility, without this piece of research many lives would have been lost due to the lack of data and awareness in the field of sexual activity and its link to the world-wide epidemics of AIDS and HIV.

...read more.

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