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This research is about Management of network operating system at Natural Forest Resources management and Agroforestry Centre (NAFRAC) in Shinyanga, Tanzania as the case study.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

image11.png

RESEARCH REPORT ON:

MANAGING NETWORK OPERATING SYSTEM IN THE ORGANIZATION

A CASE OFNATURAL FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND AGROFORESTRY CENTRE (NAFRAC), SHINYANGA.

PREPARED BY:

MARTIN, masanja (ADIT III 2007/2008)

SUPERVISOR: KAVUTA, K. D

A RESEARCH PROPOSAL SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF ADVANCED DIPLOMA IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OF THE INSTITUTE OF ACCOUNTANCY ARUSHA.


ABSTRACT

This research is about Management of network operating system at Natural Forest Resources management and Agroforestry Centre (NAFRAC) in Shinyanga, Tanzania as the case study. It has been conducted for 16 weeks at effective from the 1stOctober, 2007 to end of January, 2008.

A case study method was used because the study was at a single unit and it is less expensive compared to other methods such as survey.

The findings are presented in relation to the research questions, while analysis of data presented in relation to the proposed methods which are both qualitative and quantitative, with figures and tables by using scientific packages for social science (SPSS) & Microsoft excel (Version 2003).Data was interpreted in relation to the objectives of the study.

The researcher gave a conclusion in relation to research questions and data interpretation against objectives of the study, and finally the researcher provided some recommendations for any management or mismanagement of networks revealed at the NAFRAC for corrective measures.

The study finding shows that network operating system is not centralized at NAFRAC. Instead the NAFRAC uses workgroup connections so as to make networking at the NAFRAC. Peer to peer networking is not a centralized system in such; it is a system which enables sharing of printer and other resources but not from the server.

Following security problems the researcher recommends the management to discard the existing system and move to a new and more security conscious system which is client-server network

...read more.

Middle

SHELL

Kernel doesn’t deal directly with users, instead it starts up a separate interactive program called shell for each user when she/he log in. The shell act as interface between user and the system. A shell enable user to interact with resources of computer such as programs, files and devices. Shell is a command interpreter, takes the user commands and set them for execution. These kernel and shell collaborate to provide user with UNIX services and handle any resulting output from the operating system.

2. LINUX

This is powerful and commonly used variant of UNIX operating system. It is popular  because  it is  a freeware and can be  downloaded from the internet .It’s reduced version of UNIX offering almost all features available under UNIX such as multitasking, virtual memory management and TCP/IP networking.This owns on  multiple  hardware  platform and  applications available on this system are growing very fast, it is extensively used by ISPs.

Accordingtohttp://www.foogazi.com/2006/12/19/5-advantages-of-using-linux-over-windows/.The following are the advantages of LINUX over Windows

(a) Advantages:

Cost - The most obvious advantage of using Linux is the fact that it is free to obtain, while Microsoft products are available for a hefty and sometimes recurring fee. Microsoft licenses typically are only allowed to be installed on a single computer, whereas a Linux distribution can be installed on any number of computers, without paying a single dime.

Security - In line with the costs, the security aspect of Linux is much stronger than that of Windows. Why should you have to spend extra money for virus protection software? The Linux operating system has been around since the early nineties and has managed to stay secure in the realm of widespread viruses, spyware and adware for all these years.

...read more.

Conclusion

2. What type of Network operating system the centre use?  

Macintosh       (1)        Window XP     (2)         Linux       (3)          Windows 98      (4)

Windows 2000   (5)         don’t know     (6)    

3. Whom one manages installed network technology and network operating system within the centre?

ICT Management        (1)

Network engineer        (2)

System administrator        (3)

Don’t know                                (4)

4. Do you have server(s) in the centre?

Yes             (1)                                               No     (2)

5. Which of the following is the type of network media do use in the centre?

Wireless      (1)                                    Cable        (2)        Both      (3)

 6. Do you have local area network in the centre?

Yes           (1)                                             No        (2)

7. Which kind of network technology do use in your centre?

Ethernet     (1)                Ring Topology     (2)                    Fast Ethernet   (3)                 FDDI (Fiber distributed data interface)    (4)          don’t know (5)

8. How many computers do you have in the centre?  

1-10       (1)                  10-20   (2)                 30-50   (3)                50-100   (5)

9. Have you ever changed from one network media to another such as from cable to wireless or within cables media such as coaxial to twisted, or wireless media such as infrared to microwave etc? Yes         (1)                No            (2)                  

10. Do you think there are any advantages of use network operating system in the centre?

 Yes    (1)                     No   (2)

 If yes mention them

1.……………………………………………………………………………………………2…………………………………………………………………………………………….3…………………………………………………………………………………………….4…………………………………………………………………………………………….

11. Do you think there are any disadvantages of use network operating system in the centre?

Yes          (1)                                    No    (2)

If yes mention them

1……………………………………………………………………………………………..2…………………………………………………………………………………………......3……………………………………………………………………………………………..4…………………………………………………………………………………………….

"Thanks very much for spending your time to fill in this questionnaire”

APPENDEX III

FIELD WORK SCHEDULE

The chart below shows the budgeted time for each activity whereby it take sixteen (16) weeks i.e. from 1st  October 2007 up to 31st  January 2008 to complete the research activities and report submission.

Table 5: Schedule of Activities.

1

      week

Activity

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

2

Preparation of questionnaires

3

Testing of the questionnaire

4

Data collection

5

Data analysis

6

Report writing

7

Report proof reading and submission

APPENDEX IV

RESEARCH BUDGET

Budget break down: The chart below shows the budgeted time for each activity whereby it take sixteen (16) weeks i.e. from 1st October 2007 up to 31st January 2008 to complete the research activities and report submission.

Table 6: Research budget

NO.

ITEMS

AMOUNT

1.

Traveling expenses during data collection(x120days)

200,000/=

2.

Meals and accommodation expenses(x120days)

407,000/=

3.

Stationary expenses: photocopy

                                  Flash disk

95,000/=

4.

Printing and binding expenses

90,000/=

5.

Miscellaneous expenses(x120days)

190,000/=

TOTAL

802,000/=

...read more.

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