Compare the beginning of 'Ghandi' with that of 'Robin Hood, Prince of Thieves'. What cinematic techniques are used in each to introduce you to the story?

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Compare the beginning of ‘Ghandi’ with that of ‘Robin Hood, Prince of Thieves’. What cinematic techniques are used in each to introduce you to the story?

In ‘Ghandi’ the opening scene begins with a long-distance shot of a beautiful natural view: sunrise over the Granges river with Hindu background music, which gives calmness and peace to the audience and gives a religious atmosphere. The Hindu music and also the Granges river suggest that the film is about a holy person who is very sacred to Hindu or even maybe to all Indian people. As this music plays we can also hear birds singing, which gives us the impression of love, tranquility and mercy.

After that the scene of the natural view dissolves into the next scene in a very clever way, which we as the audience don’t really notice. The action begins when the camera focuses on a man’s face very closely and the music starts to play. The camera keeps following the man from different angles to make us feel as if we are following him and to give us different views of him, which will build different thoughts toward this unknown character.

We hear the noise of the crowd, and we see lots of people around. This is a typical picture of how we imagine Indian society: a mass of people babbling with noise. Tension starts to build with a change in music when a man dressed in a blue T-shirt who is followed by the camera is spotted by the religious man. This suggests to the audience that there is a conspiracy. The tension increases as the man walks and the music starts to get louder. The music is very effective especially when it is mixed with the crowd’s noise. This causes some confusion as the narrative doesn’t begin at the beginning but we know something dramatic is about to happen. The director uses close-ups to focus the camera on the man’s face showing us his feelings. The more the camera gets close, the more he looks stressed.

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The camera suddenly cuts from the man in blue and the director uses a long shot to show us the garden and the landscape where people are gathered to pray. The camera next starts to concentrate on the man’s back to show us a clear view of what is going on.  The director also uses tracking shots, which makes the scene more effective.

The camera’s direction changes and moves towards Ghandi. The director uses medium shot focusing on the assassins back, which allows us at the same time to focus on Ghandi’s face. This makes the audience imagine as ...

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