The 1989 Broadcasting act changed the face of Broadcasting in New Zealand. Discuss.
The 1989 Broadcasting act changed the face of Broadcasting in New Zealand. Prior to 1989 broadcasting in New Zealand was a tightly regulated affair. The government controlled, Broadcasting Corporation of New Zealand (BCNZ) and Broadcasting Tribunal, were the two major players on the New Zealand Broadcasting scene. In 1988 The BCNZ "owned the only commercial television channels in New Zealand, and the largest network of commercial radio stations in the world" (MED, 1997). In fact of the sixty four radio station that were operating in New Zealand thirty four of them were owned by the government and hence run by the BCNZ. Not only did the BCNZ own over fifty percent of the countries radio stations, and it's only operating commercial television stations, it was also the government's principal policy advisor when it came to Broadcasting. Its partner the Broadcasting Tribunal was responsible for the issuing of all "licences to establish AM or FM radio stations" (MED, 1997). If a private broadcaster wished to establish a television station in New Zealand it needed the express permission of the Minister of Broadcasting. In short, prior to 1989, Broadcasting in New Zealand was in the dark ages a tightly controlled affair that neither promoted diversity nor delivered a wide range of quality programming. There was limited competition and limited opportunities for expansion by privately
BBC ASSIGNMENT OBJECTIVES OF ORGANISATIONS TASK 1 The BBC was established in 1926 as a public corporation. It was established by an act of Parliament, Royal Charter, and a statement about what the organisation is and what it is there for. BBC has multiple objectives which it has to deliver against and these are: Strengthening BBC programmes and services * Underpin the BBC's public service remit by extending the range and quality of its radio and television services, with a focus on broadcasting more high-impact, memorable programmes, particularly arts and current affairs. * Strengthen the BBC's digital services, to ensure that the overall portfolio has something of value for everyone, provides a wide range of interactive learning opportunities and helps to drive digital take-up. Connecting with all audiences * Bring younger audiences to BBC services by developing bold and innovative programmes and content with a particular focus on making the BBC's news and current affairs more relevant and engaging for this group without diminishing the BBC's commitment to parliamentary reporting. * Continue to seek new ways of attracting audiences from the UK's ethnic minorities, through both mainstream and targeted services. * Ensure that the BBC is meeting the needs of audiences in all nations and regions of the UK. Transforming the BBC * Make the BBC feel a more creative,
For this assignment, I chose to interview a former radio news director by the name of Len Mailloux. He has worked at many radio stations across the country.
Greg Faucher 3/5/03 Comm., Media, and Society Mid-Term Interview Assignment Prof. Joe Rose For this assignment, I chose to interview a former radio news director by the name of Len Mailloux. He has worked at many radio stations across the country. Len is a former teacher of mine from my days at the New England Institute of Art and Communications. I had him for three classes including Intro. To Mass Communications, Radio I, and Broadcast Marketing and Management. He also taught many more classes, for he is a true expert when he comes to the media. I chose to interview Len because I have a great deal of respect for him as a teacher. He was extremely informative and funny at the same time. I'll never forget when he told us the story of how one of his listeners was very upset when she found out what he looked like. He said it was because he had a "face for radio." He actually looks a lot like Johnny Fever from the show "WKRP in Cincinnati." He is also very talented. One would only have to talk to him for a second to figure out that he is a radio professional. He has the most amazing radio voice. The fact that he responded to my request so quickly reaffirmed the fact that he is a caring teacher who is willing to help out a student in need. Len is originally from Gardner, MA. He started his radio career while he was a student at Mount Wachusett College where he
NEW MEDIA AND OLD MEDIA
The following essay will discuss old media and new media by means of comparing and distinguishing between the two, it will state the arguments raised by new media supporters and critics and a conclusion will be reached on either new media or old media is better and wether new media replaces old media completely. New media has to do with the emergence of digital, computerized, or networked information and communication technology hence most technologies described as new media are digital and comprise of characteristics of being manipulatable, information can be easily pervaded and it is dense, A good example of new media is the internet as Flew (2005) put it " new media has commonly been equated with the internet" whereas old media comprise of all mediums that existed before the introduction of the internet e.g. cable television, radio, movie and music studios, newspapers, broadcast and magazine, books and most publications. Popularity and preference of new media does not replace old media completely for example the rise of internet television did not mean the end of television. Networks play a significant role in distinguishing new media to old media as it is indicated by the changes that took place after the introduction of interconnected and interactive network which enabled the transmission of information from the sender to be the same even to the receiver. Unlike in
What is the relationship between TV and reality? Choose a specific TV show on which to focus, including some attention to concepts of liveness, flow and seriality.
What is the relationship between TV and reality? Choose a specific TV show on which to focus, including some attention to concepts of liveness, flow and seriality. Television used to be like the movies, an escape from reality. Television programs became so popular because the way of spectatorship is different form movies in cinema, television is handy. First of all, television acted as a tool of entertainment everywhere such as home, bars, café and shops. Audience are not required to gaze at the screen, in other words, audience are mobilized. Due to the advanced technology, viewers have an option to review the texts by the remote control through the VCR machine. Because of the remote control, also called magic- wand, viewers are able to pause, rewind, fast forward to skip the advertisements or even change the channels, therefore, it generated the power of control to the user. The tradition television programs were focused on unique story, specially crafted, either funny or exciting or intelligent or emotional. However, the insurgence of reality television into everyday life has raised a question in audience's mind, 'what is real?' By applying Leisbet Van Zoonen's argument that there is no such ting as a delivered presence or truth in culture discourse, but inevitably a re- presence or representation (Van Zoonen 1995:319), the essay will argue that it is impossible to define
Little White Lies - the Fukushima nuclear incident and media representations.
Wilkes Cameron Wilkes Chris Emerling AP Language/Composition 0 May 2012 LITTLE WHITE LIES On March 11 of 2011, news broadcasters and reporters informed the American people of an undersea earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku in Japan which was identified as having the magnitude of 9.0 at 2:46 PM. Shortly afterwards, the natural disaster evolved into the massive tsunami that devastated the Fukushima site at 3:27 PM. With the following explosions and meltdowns occurring at three of the reactors at the facility, the region where the plant was located seemed like an environment that would never become stable again or ever be inhabited by the Japanese. But that particular detail was mistaken because Japan has the situation under control and the catastrophe is being concluded – FALSE! While most American citizens have heard that the crisis is arriving at an end and “some even think that maybe [the issue has already been] solved or contained,” the Fukushima plant is “still a ticking time bomb,” according to theoretical physicist Michio Kaku. “We knew it was much more severe than [the media was] saying because radiation was coming out left and right. So in other words, they lied to us. They knew how much radiation was coming out, they knew the danger, they knew how much core melting was taking place, but they tried to put a happy face on it” (Adams). What
Changing Images of Black Americans in US Television since the 1950s.
Running head: VISIONS OF AMERICA Shaping the Image of Black America ________________ I did not think much about the topic of Black America and how it was stereotyped when I was younger and watching television shows from the past. I just accepted it as it was just the way it was back then. I remember most clearly in Shirley Temple movies the role of servants and “mammy’s” and how their characters were the backbone of the white families that they cared for. They played important roles in their families but not valued as equals. “These black folk could be trusted to manage white households, nurture white children, and ‘restore balance and normalcy to the white household,’ . . . but they could not be trusted with the social and civic responsibilities of full citizenship as equals with whites” (Franz & Smulyan, 2012). This concept is what carried over into the beginnings of television and was quite acceptable at that time. “Black characters who populated the television world of the 1950s were happy-go-lucky social incompetents who knew their place and who antics served to amuse and comfort culturally sanctioned notions of whiteness, especially white superiority and paternalism” (Franz & Smulyan, 2012). This statement sums up the image of Black America during the 1950's and 1960's on television. Shows such as Amos and Andy, Beulah, The
Canadian media institutes and their effect on the Canadian way of life.
Canada is a wonderfully unique place. In certain ways it feels like a small town. Other times it feels very cosmopolitan. Its relatively small population and expansive landscape give it a distinctive character, a character that Canadians are constantly trying to voice and defend. Public institutions, such as the Canadian Broadcast Corporation (CBC) and the Department of Canadian Heritage promote Canadian culture. Other public agencies, like the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), are responsible for regulating and distributing Canadian art, culture and heritage throughout Canada. In addition, when trying to understand the views of a country's citizens, it helps to understand their sense of humor. Comedy is an important part of Canadian media, much of which politicians and politics, willing or not, are apart of. The oral presentation, which will accompany this document, touches on understanding Canadian humor. This writing assignment will discuss the cultural role of public media in Canada. The CRTC is an independent public agency responsible for regulating Canada's telecommunications and broadcasting systems. Created in 1968, the CRTC reports to Parliament through the Minister of Canadian Heritage, currently Sheila Copps (CRTC). The CRTC has strict rules about how much Canadian content must be broadcast in Canada. Some CRTC
My essay is based on how Blacks and Arabs are represented in the media, including the idea of stereotypes and identity in more general terms. In the first part of my essay, I would define the
WHAT IS MEANT BY THE �OTHER� WITH REGARD TO THEORETICAL DEBATES ON RACE, ETHNICITY AND IDENTITY? DISCUSS, DRAWING EXAMPLES FROM AT LEAST TWO MEDIA TEXTS AND WITH REFERENCE TO AT LEAST TWO THEORISTS. The question of the �other� has come to play an increasingly significant role in the discourse of race, ethnicity and identity. Baker (2008, p.248) states that �Ethnicity is a cultural concept centred on the sharing of norms, values, beliefs, cultural symbols and practices�. Race is a socially constructed concept that mobilises (unfounded) discourses of biological differences bound to oppression, colonialism and exploitation. The �other� and identity are two inseperable sides of the same coin. The key theorists define the �other� differently but they all make reference to the regime of representation and define the other as people of colour e.g. Blacks and Arabs. Eastenders and a number of newsreports on terrorism and race would be used to define the �other� My essay is based on how Blacks and Arabs are represented in the media, including the idea of stereotypes and identity in more general terms. In the first part of my essay, I would define the �other� as a marginal group with refernce to Eastenders. Furthermore. I will explain the �other� in terms of racial
The Sexual Exploitation of Women in the Music Industry - study of the portrayal of women in music videos.
The Sexual Exploitation of Women in the Music Industry Amelia Ramirez – Tonya Lawrence Harrisburg Area Community College A study done in 2003 focuses on women in the visual media. The first section discusses women in the media and their appearance. It goes on to discuss whether appearances matter. That they in fact do, otherwise, options such as breast implants, Botox, and liposuction would not exist. Next it discusses women in music videos. The study focuses on rap music videos. It states how rap videos misrepresent women and portrays them to be simply sex objects. It discusses the clothes, erotic dancing, and submissive acts women create in rap videos. It briefly discusses the reasoning for why some women oppose the view that women are degraded and misrepresented in music. The study then discusses the effect music videos have on women’s self-esteem. It goes on to discuss the huge role media has on people’s everyday life, including how they dress and act. The style and clothing women wear come from the media, including the music industry, magazines, and advertisements. This section of the study focuses on how women feel they need to dress and look. At a young age, females are being shown and told how to act. As they get older, what they see and think in appropriate is what is shown in the media. For the music industry, that means skimpy clothes and the worship of