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Human nature from the perspective of the three major psychological school of thought.

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Introduction

Human nature from the perspective of the three major psychology school of thoughts The importance of the study of the human nature (the essence of the human) was at all times recognized by psychologists of every school of thoughts (Vesa Talvitie, 2019) and an unknowable research object like the human nature inevitably opened a space of discussions allowing the integration of different psychological perspectives. Thus, this essay will discuss the Human nature from the perspective of the psychoanalysis approach, then the behaviorism approach, and lastly humanistic approach, going chronologically, as well as comparing their perspectives on the human nature, or how and why humans behave the way they do. The Psychoanalysis view on human nature can be described as historical in nature (Zilbersheid, 2013), a good example would be a history book containing both the history of humanity as a race and the individual life story, viewing the modern human as a cave man in his essence, govern by s****l instincts and fear of death instincts, and these instincts are presented to reality as defense mechanisms, dreams, and motivations (Å»echowski, 2017) (Bateman et al., 2020). However, this is only one part of Frued’s psychoanalytical theory, this cave man part of his theory is called the Id, it is the ...read more.

Middle

are at the top of the pyramid, and normal human being will try to satisfy the needs at the bottom of the pyramid first, and if those needs are not met, the human will show an increased motivation to get them (Shoib et al., 2022). Maslow Hierarchy of Needs (from the most basic to the least basic) * Physiological needs: water, food, shelter. * Safety needs: physical, psychological, and financial safety. * Social belonging: family, friends, and social groups. * Esteem: respecting the self and respecting others. Self actualization: [Grab your reader’s attention with a great quote from the document or use this space to emphasize a key point. To place this text box anywhere on the page, just drag it.] * making use of the individual capacities. (Dohlman et al., 2019) Lastly there is the humanism impact on the positive psychology movement, a movement started by Martin Seligman in 2000, focusing its studies on the topic of happiness, and well-being (Seligman, 2019). Conclusion: direct comparison and contraction between the three approaches, firstly, all of the three schools of thoughts believe in the power the nurturing environment has on shaping the human behavior (Biswas-Diener & Diener, 2019), Both the psychoanalytic approach and the humanistic approach have a focus on the self, the individual beliefs, and the concept of self esteem (Widiastiti et al., 2019) ...read more.

Conclusion

M. (2018). The impact of the built environment on health behaviours and disease transmission in social systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 373(1753), 20170245. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2017.0245 Sanerma, P., Miettinen, S., Paavilainen, E., & Åstedt-Kurki, P. (2020). A client-centered approach in home care for older persons – an integrative review. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, 38(4), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/02813432.2020.1841517 Seligman, M. E. P. (2019). Positive Psychology: A personal history. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 15(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050718-095653 Shoib, S., Amanda, T. W., Menon, V., Ransing, R., Kar, S. K., Ojeahere, M. I., Halabi, S. E., & Saleem, S. Mohd. (2022). Is Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Applicable During the COVID-19 Pandemic? Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 44(1), 98–100. https://doi.org/10.1177/02537176211060435 Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. (2020). Psychology 2e. Openstax College, Rice University. Stangor, C., Walinga, J., Bc Open Textbook Project, & Bccampus. (2019). Introduction to psychology. Bccampus, Bc Open Textbook Project. University of Minnesota. (2015). Introduction to psychology. University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing. Vesa Talvitie. (2019). FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES : project for a scientific enough psychoanalysis. Routledge. Votaw, K. B. (2020). General psychology for honors students. University of Missouri - St. Louis. Watson, J. B. (2017). Behaviorism. Routledge. Wertheimer, M., & Puente, A. E. (2020). A brief history of psychology (6th ed.). Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. ...read more.

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