Ancient Egyptians knowledge of the body.

Andrew Eustace 10RAP Ancient Egyptians knowledge of the body. There were several factors in the expansive knowledge of the anatomy, and medicine, gained by the Ancient Egyptians (3000 to 400BC.). The first of these factors was religion. The Egyptians were very religious and had many Gods and Goddesses. These controlled all areas of life including disease and medicine. A major part of the Egyptian belief was that evil spirits entering the body caused illness. To cure this the evil spirit had to be driven away. The ancient Egyptians had quite a large knowledge of the body for the period - this knowledge was gained through their religious beliefs and ceremonies. The Egyptians new about the pulse, liver, brain and other organs but they wouldn't of known there proper uses. The Egyptians prepared bodies for the return of the soul in the after-life. During embalming, they took out the major organs and preserved them. We also no that the heart of an Egyptian was known to be considered important and was therefore left in the mummified body rather than being dissected. This gave them good knowledge of the anatomy. Embalming also provided skills in surgery and pharmacy - the use of drugs to preserve the body gave many doctors a good idea of their properties. However, religion also held back further progress: dissection was forbidden (as the Egyptians believed that the body

  • Word count: 621
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Medicine and Dentistry
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Socialized Medicine.

Socialized Medicine Introduction: Socialized medicine, or a single payer health system, is the center of much controversy in both the United States and Canada. The idea behind Socialized Medicine is one healthcare plan, paid for by the government, giving equal care to all in need (Reed, 2000). Those who support the idea say that they are saving the jobs of doctors and keeping large hospital firms from cornering the market (Himmelstein, 2004). Those against feel that with socialized medicine comes, waiting list and unhappy doctors. Against Socialized Medicine: Socialized medicine, is a hot topic of debate in the Canadian election. Many would think that issues such as drug or gun control would be the topic of many of the political campaigns. But they are not, rather, the main campaign add is which type of food to be served in hospitals. The fight is weather or not food should be pre-cooked and then shipped to hospitals or if the food should be prepared fresh in the hospital. Topics such as this about socialized medicine plague much of the headlines and political debates. Many against socialized medicine, feel that much needed time and money is being wasted and should be spent on other, more beneficial, ideas. Another flaw with the socialized medicine campaign is waiting times. The average waiting time for a surgery in Canada is 13.3 weeks(reed, 2002). This is substantially

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  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Medicine and Dentistry
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History The renaissance

How far do you agree with the statement, 'The medical renaissance change some aspects of medicine but kept others the same'? The renaissance period did help the study of medicine quite a lot and showed just how much it was needed and how important it was in the study of medicine. By looking back at the dark ages and previous periods of time, we can tell what had changed and what has stayed the same. We can also tell what new discoveries had been made and if they were for better or for worse. During the dark ages and through past periods of time many discoveries were made. Some of these discoveries and theories carried on for many centuries but some were wrong. Discoveries were made such as; the brain controls the body which was found out from dissection. This helped with developments in human anatomy and the body. Also, the 4 humours theory which came across in previous years and it was the idea that the 4 liquids in your body had to be balanced to be well and if they were unbalanced, you were sick. This idea carried on for many years. The life expectancy rate was quite low which meant that improvements were still needed to be made to increase the life expectancy. Also, for many diseases and for the Black Death people believed that the causes were linked to miasma and the smell. For example; the Black Death in 1348. During this time, the people used to cauterize to heal

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  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Medicine and Dentistry
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Who was Cladius Galen?

GALEN CHANGES MEDICINE WHO WAS CLAUDIUS GALEN? Claudius Galen was physician to five Roman emperors. He was a teacher, philosopher, pharmacist, and leading scientist of his day. During his life he produced five hundred books and treatises on all aspects of medical science and philosophical subjects and his ideas were to formulate many of the scientific beliefs which dominated medical thinking for about 1 500 years. Galen was the great compiler and systemiser of Greco-Roman medicine, physiology, pharmacy, and anatomy. Because he displayed a view of God and nature shared by the Christians of the middle Ages and the Renaissance, they regarded him as a fellow-Christian. This goes some way to account for the attitude of the Church towards free thinkers. Galen's influence can be still seen today. The word " galenic" is used to describe drugs and medicines made from vegetable and animal ingredients using prescribed methods. WHERE WAS HE BORN? Galen was born at Pergamum, Asia Minor on the 22 September 131 and was educated by his father, who decided his son should enter the medical profession. This was a wise choice as his son went on to become extremely famous. WHAT DID GALEN DO? At first, Galen studied philosophy, in particular Aristotle but when seventeen began to specialise in medicine. While studying medicine Galen travelled extensively throughout Greece, Asia Minor, and

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  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Medicine and Dentistry
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istopes used in medical science

Isotopes Used In Medical Treatments Isotopes are several different forms of an element that have different mass numbers. But they are having same proton numbers but different neutron numbers. The term Isotope has suggested by Fredrick Soddy, a chemist at Glasgow University in 1921. These form of elements have different advantages and disadvantages. Mostly it depends on the type of element. Nuclear medicine was developed in the 1950s they are really helpful in modern medical field. Because it can cure so many dangerous diseases like cancers and tumours. Basically radioisotopes are the useful type that is been used up for medical treatments. There are thousands of different forms of radioisotopes that can be classed as very useful medically approved elements. Radioisotopes seemed to be dangerous and cautious from the outside look. But they can be handle carefully and store in safe places for treatments. Many of them are made in nuclear reactors and in cyclotrons. Today most of the medical isotopes are imported from United States but the growing demand rate is really high. So there aren't enough supplies to whole globe. Radioisotopes used for medical treatments are really expensive but 98% of are successful and effective. Modern medical industry has able to get rid of the fast growing number of cancer patient per year from these treatments. The doctors who deal with nuclear

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  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Medicine and Dentistry
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Wounds, Autopsies and Mysteries

Wounds, Autopsies and Mysteries In all forms of gun related death the crucial evidence comes from ballistics. The amount of shots fired and the number of gunmen, the path of the bullets and which of the wounds was the fatal shot. There was plenty of evidence available with the JFK shooting to help equate the answers to these questions but it was poorly handled. This means that to this day the truth can, probably, never be known. During the motorcade, Governor Connally heard the first shot, then was hit about two seconds later. The Parkland doctors confirmed the bullet that hit Connally still in his left thigh. The president was first hit at the back of his neck, and then the second bullet hit his head from the back. The Parkland Doctor Perry said the shot was at the lower portion of the neck and was an entry wound. The president's body, at Parkland Hospital wrapped in a sheet and placed in a bronze casket, one of the most expensive that Parkland Hospital had. Then, when the body reached Washington for the Autopsy, it was in a grey casket, not very good quality and the presidents body was wrapped differently. The body was in a grey body bag and the brain of the president was missing. The president's body was "hijacked" on the way to Washington. If the brain was still in the president's body, some trace of metal could be found, and the make of bullet could be deciphered

  • Word count: 449
  • Level: University Degree
  • Subject: Medicine and Dentistry
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